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Das S.,NRS Medical College and Hospital | Mondal S.,Pharmacovigilance Programme Of. India
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring | Year: 2012

This case report highlights a rare adverse drug reaction caused by levofloxacin, resulting in optic neuritis progressing into unilateral loss of vision. A 49-year-old male patient was diagnosed to suffer from left maxillary and ethmoid sinusitis and was only prescribed oral levofloxacin 500 mg tablets once daily for 5 days. Within a few minutes after taking the first dose of the drug, the patient experienced respiratory distress, dizziness, confusion with pain, and loss of color vision, followed by almost complete loss of vision in the right eye. The left eye was normal. After ophthalmologic examinations and investigations, he was diagnosed to suffer from optic neuritis, probably (according to Naranjo adverse drug reaction probability scale) induced by levofloxacin. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

A cross-sectional study was conducted among 199 (104 urban, 95 rural) male students of classes VIII and IX, of two schools, in urban and rural areas of West Bengal to compare the prevalence of protective factors, mental health issues, and violence among the urban and rural adolescents using a self-administered questionnaire. Higher proportion of urban students than rural (67.3% vs. 62.5%) reported that their guardians understood their problems. Mental health issues like loneliness (17.3% vs. 9.8%), worry (17.3% vs. 10.7%), and suicidal thoughts (19.2% vs. 14.1%) were higher among urban students. Physical fight (53.8% vs. 11.6%), bullying (46.4% vs. 17%), physical attack by family members (46% vs. 17%), and by teachers (53% vs. 10.7%) were all more in urban adolescents. Mental health- and violence-related issues were prevalent more among urban students than those among rural students in spite of having more protective factors suggesting the need of frequent supervision, monitoring, and support of adolescents. Source

Saha K.,NRS Medical College and Hospital | Chaterjee S.,IPGMER and SSKM Hospital
Journal of Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2012

Background and objective: There is scarcity of clinical data regarding hydatid lung disease from Indian subcontinent. In this retrospective study we analyzed the cumulative data over five year's period from two tertiary care hospitals of Kolkata to determine the presentation, treatment and outcome of hydatid disease of lung. Method: We analyzed 106 patients on the basis of clinical findings, radiological findings [chest X-ray - PA and lateral view, CT scan of thorax and upper abdomen, ultrasonography (uSG) of thorax and upper abdomen] and serological test IgG ElISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay) against echinococcus granulosus antigen along with the mode of diagnosis, indications and types of surgery, and outcome of treatment with chemotherapy (albendazole), surgery and combined surgery with chemotherapy. Result: There was female preponderance with median age of presentation 33 years with interquartile range of 7. At the time of diagnosis 14.15% patients were asymptomatic. Cough was the commonest symptom (73.58%) followed by chest pain (54.72%). Single sharply demarcated round or oval homogenous opacity was the commonest radiological sign (81.13%). Complicated cysts such as lung abscess, pleural involvement, pneumonitis and fibrosis were noted in 10.38%, 13.21%, 7.55% and 11.32% cases respectively. We found that serological test was only 77.01% sensitive. Eighty-two (86.32%) patients underwent surgery, and 56.10% of them received additional chemotherapy with albendazole. The types of operation performed were pericystectomy (in 91.46% cases), lobectomy (in 6.10% cases) and pneumonectomy (in 2.44% cases). Perioperative mortality was nil but morbidity was found in 10.98% cases with empyema (8.54%), the commonest complication. Thirteen inoperable patients were treated with albendazole, among them 8 showed reduction of cyst-size, 3 showed no change and 2 patients showed obliteration of cyst. Conclusion: Surgery is a safe and effective way of treatment for thoracic hydatid cyst along with perioperative albendazole therapy. There is a scope for chemotherapy with albendazole in inoperable cases. © JAPI. Source

Hiralal K.,Midnapore Medical College and Hospital | Snehamay C.,NRS Medical College and Hospital
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India | Year: 2012

Objectives To study maternal heart disease in an Indian setting for: (1) different etiological factors, (2) different types of lesions, and (3) maternal and perinatal outcome. Methods 281 women with heart disease who delivered ≥28 weeks of gestation at different teaching institutions (tertiary care centres) in India were studied. Results Rheumatic heart disease (n = 195; 69.4 %) with isolated mitral stenosis (n = 75; 26.7 %) were the commonest. Septal defect (n = 27; 9.6 %) was the predominant lesion among the congenital heart disease (n = 60; 21.3 %) patients, whereas in the miscellaneous group (n = 26; 9.2 %), ischemic heart disease (n = 10; 3.6 %) was the leading cause. Multiple cardiac lesions were also diagnosed in 100 (35.58 %) women. In 87 (31 %) women, diagnosis was made first time in labor. Majority n = 131, (46.6 %) had spontaneous vaginal delivery and few (n = 9; 3.3 %) required induction of labor. Cardiac complications were noted in 72 women (25.6 %). There were three (1.06 %) maternal deaths and perinatal mortality was 4 % (n = 11). Conclusion In this study, rheumatic heart disease in pregnancy is still predominant though acquired cardiac lesions are rising. In rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve involvement was the commonest and multiple valve lesions were a major observation. Most common obstetric complication was small for gestation baby. Maternal morbidities in the unbooked women are high and congestive cardiac failure was the major cardiac complication. © Federation of Obstetric & Gynecological Societies of India 2012. Source

Chakrabarti N.,NRS Medical College and Hospital | Chattopadhyay C.,KPC Medical College and Hospital
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2012

We present here the case of a young Indian male with slowly progressive, diffuse darkening of the face, arms, neck, and trunk. The patient was not taking any medication and there was no history of any previous skin disease and the mucous membrane was not involved. These findings are consistent with a diagnosis for ashy dermatosis of unknown etiology. Source

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