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Aparna G.,NRI Medical College Chinakakani
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2013

The sternocleidomastoid acts as a landmark for physicians, surgeons, anesthesiologists and cosmetologists. The variability of sternocleidomastoid may cause complications while trying to access vital structures that are located in the lesser and greater supraclavicular fosse. This case study aims to present a case of additional head of the sternocleidomastoid and discuss its clinical implications. During routine student demonstration dissections, an additional head of sternocleidomastoid was observed in a male cadaver aged about 50 years. This additional clavicular head took origin 2.5cm lateral to the original clavicular head. Because of its presence, 3 supraclavicular fosse were observed. The lesser supraclavicular fossa was between sternal and clavicular heads. Greater supraclavicular fossa was divided into two by the additional head. Sternocleidomastoid with additional head are rare in the literature and may cause severe complications during interventions.


Sangam M.R.,NRI Medical College Chinakakani | Babu A.R.,Forensic Medicine | Krupadanam K.,Anatomy | Anasuya K.,Anatomy
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2011

Dermatoglyphics is study of pattern of fine ridges on fingers, palms and soles. The term dermatoglyphics was coined by Cummins. The type of finger print is unique and is based on genetic characters of each individual. They develop between 2nd and 3rd months of intra uterine life and remain unchanged in an individual throughout life. Finger prints are regarded as the most reliable tool for personal identification. Due to their immence potential particularly in forensic medicine, the study of finger print pattern was carried out in relation to various ABO blood groups. The study was carried out in the Department of Anatomy, NRI medical college, Chinakakani, Guntur. 506 students of known blood group were selected for the study. The finger prints were collected, studied and analyzed statistically. Thumbs presentedhigh frequency of whorls in A+ves. Index and ring fingers were associated with high frequency of whorls in A-ves and AB+ves.


Shekhar R.,NRI Medical College Chinakakani | Srinivas C.H.,NRI Medical College Chinakakani | Das M.C.,NRI Medical College Chinakakani
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2011

Introduction: Primary hypothyroidism is a common disorder affecting a large group of population and is a cause of the secondary hyperlipidemia. The aim of the present study was to assess the relation between the lipid profile and thyroid profile in newly diagnosed hypothyroid, subjects on treatment for hypothyroidism and controls. Materials and Methods: The present study was performed on 150 subjects of both sexes between 11-78 years of age.The subjects were divided into three groups. First group was Controls (n = 50), second group was 'Newly Diagnosed' hypothyroid (n = 50) and the third group was hypothyroid patients 'On Treatment' (n = 50). T3, T4, TSH, Total Cholesterol, High Density Lipoproteins (HDL), Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) and Triglycerides were estimated. Results: ANOVA was calculated among the three groups. TSH, Total Cholesterol and LDL levels were decreased in "On treatment" group when compared to "Newly diagnosed" group. T 4 was found to be elevated, but T 3 remained low in "On treatment" group. Conclusion: Cholesterol and LDL levels are elevated in hypothyroidism and their levels decreases with treatment but not to the level of euthyroid state.

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