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Liu Y.,NPO Organization to Support Peritoneal Dissemination Treatment
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy

We report a case of a 59-year-old woman with a very rare giant mesentery malignant solitary fibrous tumor that recurred as dedifferentiated liposarcoma. The woman was admitted to the hospital because of low abdominal pain. Radiological and biopsy findings revealed a multi-lobulated giant malignant solitary fibrous tumor that had invaded the inferior vena cava, abdominal aorta, and superior mesentery vessels. The tumor was completely removed during the first cytoreductive surgery. Histopathologically, tumor had a heterogeneous cell population, composed of spindle cells with fibrous collagen proliferation. The spindle cells were not arranged in a specific pattern. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the tumor cells were positive for CD34, CD99, Bcl-2, and smooth muscle actin( SMA) and negative for CD117, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), CAM5.7, S100, desmin, and caldesmon. The tumor recurred 9 months after surgery, and another cytoreductive surgery was then performed. The postoperative histopathological appearance of the invaded area indicated a well-differentiated liposarcoma. Formation of tumorous bone was also noted in the same area, in addition to atypical mesenchymal cells and multi-vacuolated lipoblasts in the area of the well-differentiated liposarcoma. Proliferated spindle cells arranged in a storiform pattern were found in the area adjacent to the tumor. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the tumors cells were positive for SMA, HHF-35, and caldesmon and negative for CD117, CD34, and S100. A diagnosis of dedifferentiated liposarcoma was made. Source

Brcher B.L.D.M.,University of Tubingen | Piso P.,Krankenhaus Barmherzige Bruder | Verwaal V.,Netherlands Cancer Institute | Esquivel J.,Peritoneal SurfaceMalignancy Programm | And 12 more authors.
Cancer Investigation

Tumor involvement of the peritoneumperitoneal carcinomatosisis a heterogeneous form of cancer that had been generally regarded as a sign of systemic tumor disease and as a terminal condition. The multimodal treatment approach for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, which had been conceived and developed, consists of what is known as cytoreductive surgery, followed by hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Depending on the tumor mass as assessed intraoperatively and the histopathological differentiation, patients who undergo cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC have a significant survival benefit. Mean increases in the survival period ranging from six months to up to four years have now been reported. In view of the substantial logistic effort and the extent of the surgery involved, this treatment approach represents a major challenge both for patients and for surgical oncologists, as well as for the members of the overall interdisciplinary structure required, which includes oncology, anesthesiology and intensive care, psycho-oncology, and patient management. The surgical procedures alone may take 814 hr. The present paper provides an overview of the basis for the approach and the use of specialized classifications and quantitative prognostic indicators. © 2012 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

Mei L.-J.,Hubei University | Yang X.-J.,Hubei University | Tang L.,Hubei University | Hassan A.H.A.,Hubei University | And 2 more authors.
BMC Cancer

Background: Gastric cancer peritoneal carcinomatosis is a common clinical problem, but there are no suitable large animal models to study this problem. This study was to establish a stable rabbit peritoneal carcinomatosis model of gastric cancer using VX2 tumor, and analyze the clinico-pathological features.Methods: VX2 tumor was implanted into 36 New Zealand rabbits by 3 methods: laparotomic orthotopic injection of cancer cells into the submucosal layer of the stomach (Group A), laparotomic implantation of tumor tissue into the greater omentum immediately beneath the gastric antrum (Group B), and percutaneous injection of tumor cells directly into the peritoneal cavity (Group C), 12 rabbits in each group. The animals were closely observed and detailed clinico-pathological studies were conducted.Results: The success rates of peritoneal carcinomatosis formation were 100% (12/12), 91.7% (11/12) and 58.3% (7/12), respectively, for Groups A, B and C (P = 0.019, A versus C; P = 0.077, B versus C; P = 0.500, A versus B, Fisher's exact test). Two weeks after submucosal cancer cells injection in Group A, ulcerative gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis showed typical VX2 tumor pathology, with widespread intraperitoneal metastatic nodules, bloody ascites and perspicuous pulmonary metastases. The clinico-pathological progression pattern was very similar to patients of advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis. Groups B and C showed similar pattern of cancer progression, but less aggressive.Conclusions: First large animal model of peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer has been established by laparotomic orthotopic injection of VX2 cancer cells into the submucosal layer of the stomach, providing a more suitable model for surgical interventional studies. The clinico-pathological features of this model resemble human peritoneal carcinomatosis. © 2010 Mei et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Mizumoto A.,Kusatsu General Hospital | Canbay E.,Kocaeli Derince Education and Research Hospital | Hirano M.,Kusatsu General Hospital | Takao N.,Kusatsu General Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Gastroenterology Research and Practice

Background. Even though cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are associated with a high morbidity and mortality rates, it has been reported that CRS and HIPEC improved survival of selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. We aimed to report morbidity and mortality results of CRS and HIPEC from a single institution in Japan. Methods and Results. Total of 284 procedures of CRS were performed on patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei, peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from colon cancer and gastric cancer between 2007 and 2011 in our institution. The morbidity rate was 49% of all procedure, and grades I/II and grades III/IV complications were 28% and 17%, respectively. Most frequent complication was surgical site infections including intraabdominal abscess. The mortality rate was 3.5%, and reoperation was needed in 11% of all procedures. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI) greater than 20 was the only significant factor for occurrence of postoperative complications (P<0.01). In contrast, HIPEC significantly reduced postoperative complications (P<0.05). Conclusions. The morbidity and mortality rates of our institution are comparable with previous reports that are in acceptable rates. Optimal patient selection such as patients with PCI less than 20 seems to be of paramount importance to CRS and HIPEC. Copyright © 2012 Akiyoshi Mizumoto et al. Source

Yang X.-J.,Hubei University | Li Y.,Hubei University | Yonemura Y.,NPO Organization to Support Peritoneal Dissemination Treatment
Journal of Surgical Oncology

Background: This work was to evaluate cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for advanced gastric cancer (GC). Methods: CRS and HIPEC were performed on 28 GC patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) and/or malignant ascites, with survival and perioperative safety as study endpoints. Results: A total of 30 CRS and HIPEC procedures were performed. Cytoreduction scores ratings (CCR) were CCR-0 in 11 (39.2%), CCR-1 in 6 (21.4%), CCR-2 in 8 (28.8%), and CCR-3 in 3 (10.6%) cases. The 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month survival rates were 75%, 50%, 43%, and 43%, respectively. The median survivals of patients with PCI ≤20 and high PCI >20 were 27.7 months (95% CI 15.2-40.3 months) and 6.4 months (95% CI 3.8-8.9 months) (P=0.000). The estimated median survival for patients with CCR-0, CCR-1, and CCR-2 and 3 were 43.4 months (95% CI, 26.9-59.9 months), 9.5 months (95% CI 6.4-12.6 months), and 7.5 months (95% CI 3.0-13.6 months) (P=0.001, CCR0 vs. CCR1-3). No perioperative death but 1 (3.6%) serious adverse event occurred. Conclusions: CRS plus HIPEC could offer survival advantage for selected GC patients with PC and/or ascites, with acceptable safety profile. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

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