NPO Central Boiler and Turbine Institute

Saint Petersburg, Russia

NPO Central Boiler and Turbine Institute

Saint Petersburg, Russia
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Esin S.B.,NPO Central Boiler and Turbine Institute | Trifonov N.N.,NPO Central Boiler and Turbine Institute | Sukhorukov Y.G.,NPO Central Boiler and Turbine Institute | Yurchenko A.Y.,NPO Central Boiler and Turbine Institute | And 5 more authors.
Thermal Engineering (English translation of Teploenergetika) | Year: 2015

More than 30 power units of thermal power stations, based on the nondeaerating heat balance diagram, successfully operate in the former Soviet Union. Most of them are power units with a power of 300 MW, equipped with HTGZ and LMZ turbines. They operate according to a variable electric load curve characterized by deep reductions when undergoing night minimums. Additional extension of the range of power unit adjustment makes it possible to maintain the dispatch load curve and obtain profit for the electric power plant. The objective of this research is to carry out estimated and experimental processing of the operating regimes of the regeneration system of steam-turbine plants within the extended adjustment range and under the conditions when the constraints on the regeneration system and its equipment are removed. Constraints concerning the heat balance diagram that reduce the power unit efficiency when extending the adjustment range have been considered. Test results are presented for the nondeaerating heat balance diagram with the HTGZ turbine. Turbine pump and feed electric pump operation was studied at a power unit load of 120-300 MW. The reliability of feed pump operation is confirmed by a stable vibratory condition and the absence of cavitation noise and vibration at a frequency that characterizes the cavitation condition, as well as by oil temperature maintenance after bearings within normal limits. Cavitation performance of pumps in the studied range of their operation has been determined. Technical solutions are proposed on providing a profitable and stable operation of regeneration systems when extending the range of adjustment of power unit load. A nondeaerating diagram of high-pressure preheater (HPP) condensate discharge to the mixer. A regeneration system has been developed and studied on the operating power unit fitted with a deaeratorless thermal circuit of the system for removing the high-pressure preheater heating steam condensate to the mixer, with extending the range of load adjustment for the 300 MW power unit load. © 2015, Maik Nauka-Interperiodica Publishing, all rights reserved.

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