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Uemoto K.L.,University of Sao Paulo | Sato N.M.N.,Nove de Julho University | John V.M.,University of Sao Paulo
Energy and Buildings | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study is to investigate the thermal performance of cool colored acrylic paints containing infrared reflective pigments in comparison to conventional colored acrylic paints of similar colors (white, brown and yellow) applied on sheets of corrugated fiber cement roofing. Evaluated properties are: color according to ASTM D 2244-89, the UV/VIS/NIR reflectance according to ASTM E 903-96, and thermal performance by exposure to infrared radiation emitted from a lamp with the measurement of surface temperatures of the specimens with thermocouples connected to a data logging system. Results demonstrated that the cool colored paint formulations produced significantly higher NIR reflectance than conventional paints of similar colors, and that the surface temperatures were more than 10 °C lower than those of conventional paints when exposed to infrared radiation. The study shows that cool paints enhance thermal comfort inside buildings, which can reduce air conditioning costs. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Deana A.M.,Nove de Julho University | Wetter N.U.,Brazilian National Nuclear Energy Commission
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2012

This work presents a mode-controlled quasi-CW resonator design based on an Nd:YLF crystal. Up to 47 % optical efficiency was obtained and, by passively Q-switching the laser, 209 kW of peak power at 1053 nm was obtained. The new resonator design is capable of delivering 2.3 mJ and 11 ns pulses in a very compact, simple and lightweight set-up. © 2012 SPIE.

Motta L.J.,Nove de Julho University
Oral health & preventive dentistry | Year: 2013

To determine associations between signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and harmful oral habits. Materials and Two hundred forty-four adolescents from a public school in the city of São Roque, Brazil, were evaluated. A screening questionnaire for orofacial pain and TMD recommended by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain was used to determine signs and symptoms of TMD. Patient histories and clinical exams were used to determine harmful oral habits. Eighty-three participants (34%) displayed no signs or symptoms of TMD, 161 (66%) responded affirmatively to at least one item on the questionnaire and 49 (20.1%) gave at least three affirmative responses. Headache was the most frequently reported sign or symptom of TMD (40.6%; n = 99). There was no statistically significant association between gender and signs or symptoms of TMD (P = 0.281). Twenty-five percent (n = 61) of the patients had no harmful oral habits, while 16.4% (n = 40) had only one habit, the most common of which was nail biting. A total of 20.1% (n = 49) reported two harmful oral habits and 38.5% (n = 94) reported three or more such habits. There was a statistically significant association between signs and symptoms of TMD and three or more habits. A statistically significant association was found between signs and/or symptoms of TMD and harmful oral habits in adolescents.

This research searched to verify if the nurses of a private hospital in São Paulo-SP, Brazil, have costs management view and to observe how occur their participation in the planning levels, specifically in relation to the costs. Forty nurses were interviewed during their journey through a questionnaire about caring costs management and the levels of organizational planning. It was observed that 85% of the nurses interviewed affirmed that they don't participate on the caring costs management, and that 45% of the participants didn't know to explain the importance of this knowledge. The majority of the nurses interviewed (62.5%) affirmed that they don't participate of the strategic institutional planning and, among those that participated; the majority didn't know to explain about their participation.

Wetter N.U.,Brazilian Nuclear Energy Research Institute (IPEN) | Deana A.M.,Nove de Julho University
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics | Year: 2014

This work demonstrates the power scalability of double-beam-mode controlling, a technique that has generated the highest optical efficiency reported so far for Nd:YLF lasers. We analyze two types of power scaling possibilities by numerical simulations: multiplication of intracavity pump modules and MOPA configuration. About 44 W of TEM00 output power at 1053 nm was experimentally demonstrated with a beam-parameter product of 1.07 × 1.15. The results show great ease of power scaling without sacrificing beam quality. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Wetter N.U.,Brazilian Nuclear Energy Research Institute (IPEN) | Deana A.M.,Nove de Julho University
Optics Express | Year: 2015

We analyze the performance of a VBG equipped diode of narrow linewidth in a side-pumped double-beam, mode-controlled resonator and demonstrate power scaling without loss of beam quality by a factor of three, when compared to previous results. 69 W of diffraction-limited laser output power at 1053 nm in a Nd:YLF lasers are demonstrated with slope efficiency of 65% and record optical-to-optical efficiency of 60%. ©2015 Optical Society of America.

Deana A.M.,Nove de Julho University | Lopez M.A.P.A.,Brazilian Nuclear Energy Research Institute (IPEN) | Wetter N.U.,Brazilian Nuclear Energy Research Institute (IPEN)
Optics Letters | Year: 2013

Efficient lasers operating in the 1.3 μm band are of interest in the health industry for frequency conversion to the visible spectral region and for Raman shifting to the eye-safe 1.5 μm region. In this work, we demonstrate for the first time, to our knowledge, a side-pumped Nd:YLiF4 laser emitting at 1.3 μm. An output power of up to 14.9 W was obtained at 1313 nm with 54 W of absorbed pump power, representing 27.7% optical efficiency and a slope efficiency of 45%. © 2013 Optical Society of America.

The aim of the present study was to verify the important factors of tacesics that should be observed while touching the elderly. This qualitative and exploratory field of study was developed using 117 undergraduate students and healthcare professionals who participated in a training course regarding nonverbal communication in gerontology. The results revealed that the majority of the participants were able to identify at least one care factor that must be respected when touching the elderly. The discourses allowed for the construction of nine categories indicating the conditions that are necessary for high-quality affective care provided within the tacesics context; these conditions included the authorization for the touch to occur, location of the touch, intensity of the touch, condition of the elderly person, intentionality and type of touch, duration of the touch, gender and age of the person who touches and of the person being touched, frequency of the touch, and characteristics of the hands that touch. Touch is part of the quotidian practice of healthcare professionals and expresses their dedication and its related emotions, thereby revealing the quality of the care that is provided.

Wetter N.U.,Brazilian Nuclear Energy Research Institute (IPEN) | Deana A.M.,Nove de Julho University
Laser Physics Letters | Year: 2013

We present a Nd:YLiF4 diode-side-pumped resonator architecture based on a gain-guided, mode-selective technique that employs a double pass of the fundamental laser mode through the crystal. The folded cavity is very compact, robust and cost efficient. With this design we demonstrate 19 W of quasi-cw, stable diffraction-limited laser emission at 1053 nm when pumping at 792 nm with 35.4 W. The slope efficiency of the laser is 65.3% and the optical-to-optical efficiency is 53.6%, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest efficiency reported for Nd:YLiF4 lasers pumped into the 4F5/2 band, including longitudinal pumping schemes and lasers emitting at the higher gain line of 1047 nm. © 2013 Astro Ltd.

AIM: To evaluate the effects of preventive treatment with low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on progression of dystrophy in mdx mice.METHODS: Ten animals were randomly divided into 2 experimental groups treated with superpulsed LLLT (904 nm, 15 mW, 700 Hz, 1 J) or placebo-LLLT at one point overlying the tibialis anterior muscle (bilaterally) 5 times per week for 14 weeks (from 6th to 20th week of age). Morphological changes, creatine kinase (CK) activity and mRNA gene expression were assessed in animals at 20th week of age.RESULTS: Animals treated with LLLT showed very few morphological changes in skeletal muscle, with less atrophy and fibrosis than animals treated with placebo-LLLT. CK was significantly lower (p=0.0203) in animals treated with LLLT (864.70 U.l-1, SEM 226.10) than placebo (1708.00 U.l-1, SEM 184.60). mRNA gene expression of inflammatory markers was significantly decreased by treatment with LLLT (p<0.05): TNF-α (placebo-control=0.51 µg/µl [SEM 0.12], - LLLT=0.048 µg/µl [SEM 0.01]), IL-1β (placebo-control=2.292 µg/µl [SEM 0.74], - LLLT=0.12 µg/µl [SEM 0.03]), IL-6 (placebo-control=3.946 µg/µl [SEM 0.98], - LLLT=0.854 µg/µl [SEM 0.33]), IL-10 (placebo-control=1.116 µg/µl [SEM 0.22], - LLLT=0.352 µg/µl [SEM 0.15]), and COX-2 (placebo-control=4.984 µg/µl [SEM 1.18], LLLT=1.470 µg/µl [SEM 0.73]).CONCLUSION: Irradiation of superpulsed LLLT on successive days five times per week for 14 weeks decreased morphological changes, skeletal muscle damage and inflammation in mdx mice. This indicates that LLLT has potential to decrease progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

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