Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.6.6 | Award Amount: 3.11M | Year: 2011
Transport congestion problems contribute ~70% of pollutants to urban environments. The transport sector by itself consumes up to ~30% of the total energy in the EU. These figures suggest that if Europe is to reduce its CO2 emissions by making an efficient use of energy while improving the quality of life in European cities, novel approaches for the optimal management of urban transport complexity must be developed and adopted in the transport sector.\n\nMODUM addresses the environmental footprint in the transport sector by aiming to develop a new approach for pro-active demand-responsive management of traffic to enable energy-efficient multi-modal transport choices accommodating dynamic variations, minimising the environmental impact and improving the quality of life in urban environments. Moreover, MODUM will consider commuters, in combinations of both private and public transport, facing dynamic conditions such as unexpected disturbances typical of urban environments.\n\nIn particular, MODUM focuses on the comparison and then the potential synthesis of two approaches: 1) a traffic flow self-organising mechanism based on ant-like agent technology and 2) a reverse route planning based on software agent technology; using real-time data and declared destinations. Both mechanisms have proven successful in other application domains and have the potential of utilising vehicles computational power and networking capabilities for achieving their active participation in the demand-response management of urban traffic.\n\nThe metrics for the comparison will be extracted from real needs of traffic control centres and from transport users in our selected cities. Once the metrics are defined, a series of simulation experiments of realistic complexity will be constructed using real-time data feeds available from transport sensing infrastructure. Results from these will profile the two approaches against certain scenarios of traffic disturbances causing rapid changes in conditions. A synthesis of the two approaches will then be developed by the academic partners.\n\nSoftware implementation of the synthesised approach will then be embarked upon, focusing on the telecommunication challenges of a realistic demonstrator. The developed prototype will be validated on the initial scenarios by staging real-life experiments, which the relevant traffic management structures within the traffic control centres will evaluate. Such experiments will include historical data and simulations in combination with real-time data feeds from existing infrastructure and vehicles going through a section of a city in a number of congestion profiles. Analogous experiments will include people moving in a city by different means of transport.\n\nThe prototype will provide an implementation of an optimisation approach to traffic management capable of dynamically adapting the overall flows of traffic to unexpected disturbances to minimise carbon emissions within an urban complex environment. Fina
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ISSI-5-2014 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2015
NUCLEUS develops, supports and implements inclusive and sustainable approaches to Responsible Research and Innovation within the governance and culture of research organisations in Europe. A major goal of the transdisciplinary project will be to stimulate research and innovation which continuously reflects and responds to societal needs. In order to achieve a multifaceted and cross-cultural New Understanding of Communication, Learning and Engagement in Universities and Scientific Institutions, 26 renowned institutions from 15 countries, among them leading representatives of 14 universities, will collaboratively identify, develop, implement and support inclusive and sustainable approaches to RRI. For a mutual learning and exchange process, the project will reach out beyond the European Research Area by including renowned scientific institutions in China, Russia and South Africa. Within a 4-year timeframe NUCLEUS will systematically uncover and analyse structural and cultural obstacles to RRI in scientific institutions. The partners will collaboratively develop innovative approaches to overcome these barriers. The project is expected to lead to an applicable RRI DNA, providing practical guidelines for higher education institutions and funding agencies across Europe and beyond. This DNA will form the basis for the NUCLEUS Living Network, an alliance to ensure sustainability of the approach beyond the project timeline. By offering new academic insights and practical recommendations derived from 30 RRI test beds, NUCLEUS will contribute to the debate on science policies both on a national and European level, including the future design of HORIZON 2020 and the European Research Area (ERA).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: SCC-01-2014 | Award Amount: 23.79M | Year: 2015
REMOURBAN aims at the development and validation in three lighthouse cities (Valladolid-Spain, Nottingham-UK and Tepebasi/Eskisehir-Turkey) of a sustainable urban regeneration model that leverages the convergence area of the energy, mobility and ICT sectors in order to accelerate the deployment of innovative technologies, organisational and economic solutions to significantly increase resource and energy efficiency, improve the sustainability of urban transport and drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions in urban areas. The urban renovation strategy will be focused on the citizens, because they become the cornerstones to making a smart city a reality and will not only be the most affected by the improvements but also they will be the common factor of each of them. HOW THE OBJECTIVE WILL BE ACHIEVED 1. Developing a sustainable urban regeneration model, considering a holistic approach, which supports the decision making of the main stakeholders for addressing wide renovation and city transformation processes. 2. Validating the urban regeneration model by means of large scale interventions on several cities called lighthouse cities, Valladolid, Nottingham and Tepebasi/Eskisehir (more than 1.000 dwellings retrofitted, more than 190 EV deployed and a total investment higher than 14 M). 3. Guaranteeing the replicability of the model at European level. Two cities will be also involved in the consortium, called follower cities, Seraing (Belgium) and Miskolc (Hungary) and will be developed a procedure for assessing the replicability potential of the model. 4. It is planned an intense activity focused on generating exploitation and market deployment strategies to support the commercial exploitation of the project outcomes. 5. It will be deployed a powerful communication and dissemination plan. This plan will integrate a citizen engagement strategy and will disseminate the benefits of the project to a wide variety of audiences (more than 11.000 citizens engaged).
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Training Grant | Award Amount: 3.35M | Year: 2014
Our 21st century lives will be increasingly connected to our digital identities, representations of ourselves that are defined from trails of personal data and that connect us to commercial and public services, employers, schools, families and friends. The future health of our Digital Economy rests on training a new generation of leaders who can harness the emerging technologies of digital identity for both economic and societal value, but in a fair and transparent manner that accommodates growing public concern over the use of personal data. We will therefore train a community of 80 PhD students with the interdisciplinary skills needed to address the profound challenges of digital identity in the 21st century. Our training programme will equip students with a unique blend of interdisciplinary skills and knowledge across three thematic aspects of digital identity - enabling technologies, global impacts and people and society - while also providing them with the wider research and professional skills to deliver a research project across the intersection of at least two of these. Our students will be situated within Horizon, a leading centre for Digital Economy research and a vibrant environment that draws together a national research Hub, CDT and a network of over 100 industry, academic and international partners. Horizon currently provides access to a large network of over 75 potential supervisors, ranging from from leading Professors to talented early career researchers. Each student will work with an industry, public, third sector or international partner to ensure that their research is grounded in real user needs, to maximise its impact, and also to enhance their employability. These external partners will be involved in co-sponsorship, supervision, providing resources and hosting internships. Our external partners have already committed to co-sponsor 30 students so far, and we expect this number to grow. Our centre also has a strong international perspective, working with international partners to explore the global marketplace for digital identity services as well as the cross-cultural issues that this raises. This will build on our success in exporting the CDT model to China where we have recently established a £17M International Doctoral Innovation Centre to train 50 international students in digital economy research with funding from Chinese partners. We run an integrated four-year training programme that features a bespoke core covering key topics in digital identity, optional advanced specialist modules, practice-led team and individual projects, training in research methods and professional skills, public and external engagement, and cohort building activities including an annual writing retreat and summer school. The first year features a nine month structured process of PhD co-creation in which students, supervisors and external partners iteratively refine an initial PhD topic into a focused research proposal. Building on our experience of running the current Horizon CDT over the past five years, our management structure responds to external, university and student input and manages students through seven key stages of an extended PhD process: recruitment, induction, taught programme, PhD co-creation, PhD research, thesis, and alumni. Students will be recruited onto and managed through three distinct pathways - industry, international and institutional - that reflect the funding, supervision and visiting constraints of working with varied external partners.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY.2012.8.8.1 | Award Amount: 2.63M | Year: 2013
The InSMART concept brings together cities, scientific and industrial organizations in order to establish and implement a comprehensive methodology for enhancing sustainable planning addressing the current and future city energy needs through an integrative and multidisciplinary planning approach. This approach will identify the optimum mix of short, medium and long term measures for a sustainable energy future, addressing the efficiency of energy flows across various city sectors with regards to economic, environmental and social criteria and paving the way towards actual implementation of priority actions. Extensive technical expertise and specialized tools and models will be used to create a platform for implementation of the project idea. Each citys energy system will be analysed, covering all relevant sectors and a comprehensive GIS energy database will be developed. Apart from being a valuable planning tool the GIS database will inform and be linked to the TIMES planning model. This model will be used to analyse the cost-optimal mix of measures required to meet sustainable energy targets taking into account exogenous parameters (e.g. environmental targets, city expansion). These measures will be further assessed with respect to non-technical criteria using a multi-criteria decision making method (PROMIHEE) that will address economic, environmental as well as social issues. A detailed economic analysis of the mid-term measures identified through this two stage optimisation procedure will be undertaken, identifying all relevant investment indicators. Finally, a detailed, realistic and applicable mid-term implementation plan will be developed to describe the necessary steps, required resources and monitoring procedures for each city. The approach will be used on the four city partners, all actively involved in developing a more sustainable energy system. Further on, the proposed approach will be replicable in other cities with sustainability target.
News Article | November 22, 2016
A controversial levy on workplace car parking is being considered by councillors trying to cut road congestion in Oxford. The proposal to charge firms a fee per employee car parking space faces tough opposition from businesses. Oxfordshire County Council is set to fund a study of plans to replicate a scheme in Nottingham which is raising £9m a year for public transport. A levy is also being considered in Cambridge. Supporters say such schemes will cut traffic, reduce pollution and liberate commuter parking spaces for shoppers. Powers for councils to impose a workplace parking levy were introduced by government 16 years ago. The firms can choose to pay the fee themselves or pass it on to employees. Each time a council considers the levy, it is fought by businesses warning that jobs will be lost. So far only one council - Nottingham City Council - has taken that risk. Four years into the scheme the council's transport chief Nick McDonald says cash from the levy has allowed the authority to complete two new tram lines, install widespread cycle schemes, introduce electric buses and create the UK's biggest municipal bus fleet. New business parks were being built on tram lines, he told BBC News. What's more, he said, the scheme has actually helped business. "The reality is that we haven't seen a single business leave the city as a result of the workplace parking levy" he said. "If you look at our inward investment, it's gone up. Start-up businesses have gone up as well. "It's never an easy thing to introduce policies strongly resisted by the business community. But in this case we felt confident that it was the right move and we have been proved correct. Firms can now see the advantage of being in a forward-looking city that's developing world-class public transport." The actual impact on jobs is disputed. One firm, Games Warehouse, did cite the levy as one reason for shifting to Derby. But the council says other firms have arrived in its place. Still, other local politicians are cautious about the scheme. Birmingham rejected a levy after opposition from business. In Oxfordshire, the council is stepping gingerly forward with a study into the potential impacts. The Oxford-based retail consultant Keith Slater calls it a tax in disguise. "My main concern is that it's just another cost for businesses in Oxford who are already paying for any car parking spaces they have because they are subject to business rates," he said. "So they're paying out money but not getting anything back from doing so." But supporters of the scheme say business does benefit - from less congestion and pollution, and better public transport. And here's an intriguing development: the employers' group, the East Midlands Chamber, which originally fought the Nottingham levy when it was imposed, is now neutral on the issue. Its policy director Chris Hobson said: "Now the tram's in place it's undoubtedly beneficial for the areas served, although there are still some areas that feel they have lost business as a result." The chamber said most businesses did not understand when the levy was imposed that it could be offset against other tax demands. "In a way it became just a different means of collecting tax, but with the money going straight to Nottingham instead of central government," a spokesman said. The AA remains strongly opposed. Its president Edmund King said: "In essence the levy is a tax on work. It either increases the costs of running a business or puts an extra burden on drivers who already pay almost four times as much in motoring taxes as is spent on roads." He said shift workers who needed to use their cars could be disproportionately hit by a levy. But public transport campaigners hope discussion over the levy will prompt broader reform of workplace car parking. Accountancy firms like Deloitte charge their employees for using valuable car park spaces in order to ensure fairness between drivers and people who walk to work. Stephen Joseph from the group Campaign for Better Transport says the chancellor should consider this in his forthcoming Autumn Statement. "Employee car parking is completely untaxed as a benefit, while if employers give public transport season tickets to their workers they are fully taxed," he said. "Even the USA, land of the car, taxes some car parking and gives a benefit for public transport commuting. We want at the minimum the chancellor to introduce a "bus bonus" to support those who commute by bus, but get no tax benefit." Green groups point out that even public transport pollutes - so the greatest incentives should be given to those who walk or cycle to work. The other UK city where a parking levy is being actively discussed is Cambridge. The county council said it was staging a detailed consultation with employers to reach a solution matching the needs of the Cambridge region, which it noted, were "very different" from Nottingham. A decision on the scheme would be made in January, the spokesman said. Cambridge, too, is facing push-back from firms which label the idea a tax on business. So, is Nottingham the only city where a workplace levy will improve public transport and cut congestion and pollution? That seems unlikely. Is it the only city that will take a political risk to find out? That is a different question. Correction: An earlier version of this story incorrectly said Games Workshop had moved to Derby rather than Games Warehouse.
Agency: GTR | Branch: ESRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 152.66K | Year: 2013
Domestic burglary is a high volume crime affecting many households. As well as substantial financial loss and damage to property, it causes high levels of anxiety about the possibility of being burgled. Surveys documenting public priorities about crime place burglary at the top. Burglar alarms and other security devices in principle deter potential burglars. Insurance premiums are discounted when a fully operating burglar alarm exists in the home due to claims about the effectiveness of burglar alarms and other security devices in the marketing literature, but no systematic research studies have been undertaken to assess their effectiveness in different areas, accommodation types and occupants’ characteristics. The primary research question of this project: Which burglary security devices work for whom and in what context? is precisely addressing this issue.
This study will identify the individual and combined security devices that offer cost-effective burglary protection to:
To this end it will analyse multiple sweeps of the British Crime Survey and respective Census data via advanced statistical analysis.
News Article | December 13, 2016
A new study from The University of Nottingham has found that a certain type of yoga could potentially help to improve the health and psychological wellbeing of children in care. The study, 'Kundalini Yoga as Mutual Recovery: A feasibility study including children in care and their carers,' published at The Journal of Children's Services, found that the practice of Kundalini yoga in care homes, when both staff and children are involved, can lead to both individual and social benefits. Corporate care is far from perfect, with evidence showing that children in care are still among the most vulnerable in society. Research for the Department for Education has also shown that children in care have a higher degree of physical and mental health needs than their not-in-care counterparts, and in comparison to children who are in other forms of care, such as foster care. This new study was carried out under the belief of 'creative practice as mutual recovery', and looked at the idea that shared creativity, collective experience and mutual benefit can promote resilience in mental health and well-being among communities that have been traditionally divided (e.g. children's home staff and children). The study was carried out by experts from The University of Nottingham's Institute of Mental Health in conjunction with external collaborators Mark Ball, Edge of Care Hub Manager at Nottingham City Council (Children and Families), Emily Haslam-Jones, Kundalini yoga teacher at Yoganova and David Crepaz-Keay from the Mental Health Foundation. The experts tested a 20-week Kundalini yoga program in three children's homes situated in the East Midlands. The program was evaluated according to recruitment and retention rates, self-reporting questionnaires from the participants and semi-structured interviews. The findings show that yoga practice in children's homes, especially when participation is high, has the potential to encourage togetherness and mutuality and improve health and psychological outcomes for children in care, as well as within the workforce. All the participants reported that the study was personally meaningful and experienced both individual (i.e. feeling more relaxed) and social benefits (e.g. feeling more open and positive). Individuals reported that the yoga sessions helped to show them beneficial exercises that they could use in various contexts, such as before going to bed, or during emotionally challenging times at work as well as at home. The social benefits were also far-reaching with some participants reporting that they felt more positive, open to others and, as a consequence, had seen an improvement in their social lives and out of work. Some staff and residents noticed that other people also interacted more positively with them. Dr Elvira Perez, a Senior Research Fellow at Horizon, member of the Institute of Mental Health, and lead author of the study, says: "The findings are very exciting as they suggest that the practice of Kundalini yoga, involving both staff and children in care, is a plausible intervention that can lead to individual and social benefits. This could have potentially huge, wide-reaching benefits for children in care as well as for all the staff working in residential settings. "The study has generated a number of valuable guiding principles and recommendations that might underpin the development of any future intervention for children in care and the staff working in these homes." A full copy of the report can be found here.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 45.70K | Year: 2012
Nottingham has major challenges in common with other cities in delivering public services more efficently and being more responsive to our citizens and businesses. This project will attempt to use information generated in the city by people using transport, energy, healthcare etc. to understand how these systems work and to improve them. By providing the public, research facilities and businesses with better access to this information we want to encourage them to develop applications to improve transport, energy use, healthcare and other vital services. Development of a new Smart City Information Model will help organisations and individuals to access and use information to support more sustainable city planning. The first step of this is to undertake a feasibility study to work with partners in all sectors to develop proposals for how these systems can start to work together.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: European | Award Amount: 44.52K | Year: 2013
Awaiting Public Project Summary