Notogawa Hospital

Japan

Notogawa Hospital

Japan

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Izumi N.,Red Cross | Asahina Y.,Red Cross | Kurosaki M.,Red Cross | Yamada G.,Okayama University | And 19 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

Background We investigated whether the administration of maintenance doses of interferon prevented hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Methods Study 1: A multicenter, retrospective, cooperative study was carried out to determine whether longterm administration of low-dose peginterferon alpha-2a (PegIFNα-2a) prevented HCC development in patients with chronic hepatitis C. In total, 594 chronic hepatitis C patients without a history of HCC were enrolled and treated with 90 lg PegIFNα-2a administered weekly or bi-weekly for at least 1 year. Study 2: HCC developed in 16 of 99 additional patients without PegIFNa-2a treatment during 3.8 years of observation. A propensity-matched control study was then carried out to compare the incidence of HCC between the 59 patients who received low-dose PegIFNα-2a (PegIFNα-2a group) and 59 patients who did not receive PegIFNα-2a treatment (control group), matched for sex, age, platelet count, and total bilirubin levels. Results Study 1: HCC developed in 49 patients. The risk of HCC was lower in patients with undetectable hepatitis C virus RNA, ≤40 IU/L alanine aminotransferase (ALT), or ≤10 ng/L alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) 24 weeks after the start of therapy. Study 2: The incidence of HCC was significantly lower in the PegIFNα-2a group than in the control group. Conclusions Low-dose and long-term maintenance administration of PegIFNaα-2a decreased the incidence of HCC in patients with normalized ALT and AFP levels at 24 weeks compared with patients without normal ALT and AFP levels. © Springer 2012.


Osaki R.,Shiga University of Medical Science | Nishimura T.,Shiga University of Medical Science | Takeuchi T.,Notogawa Hospital | Imaeda H.,Shiga University of Medical Science | And 7 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2011

Prediction of the efficacy of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy against hepatitis C (HCV) infection is valuable for determining its applications. This study investigated the relationship between the early response of HCV to PEG-IFN/RBV therapy and the inter-leukin (IL)-28B genetic polymorphism in patients with HCV infection. The genotypes of IL-28B rs8099917 T>G single nucleotide polymorphism were determined in 144 patients with HCV infection. Among them, 59 were treated with PEG-IFN/RBV. The frequency of IL-28B TT homozygosity was 75.2% in patients with HCV serotype 1 and 84.6% in patients with serotype 2. Multivariate analysis showed that IL-28B TT homozygosity (P=0.014) and the platelets number (P=0.030) was associated with the early suppression of HCV-RNA at 12 weeks after the start of PEG-IFN/RBV therapy. The IL-28B polymorphism was a significant pre-treatment predictor of the response to PEG-IFN/RBV therapy in patients with HCV infection.


Osaki R.,Shiga University of Medical Science | Nishimura T.,Shiga University of Medical Science | Shioya M.,Shiga University of Medical Science | Takeuchi T.,Notogawa Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2012

We recently reported that the interleukin (IL)-28B major genotype is a predictor of early suppression of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) at 12 weeks in response to pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy. The present study investigated the relationship between IL-28 genotypes and the virological response to PEG-IFN/RBV therapy at 24 and 48 weeks. Genotypes of the IL-28B rs8099917 T>G single nucleotide polymorphism were determined in 177 patients with HCV infection. Among them, 56 patients with HCV1 infection were treated with PEG-IFN/RBV. The frequency of the IL-28B major allele (TT) was 73.8% in patients with HCV serotype 1 and 86.3% in patients with HCV serotype 2. The rate of HCV-RNA positivity was significantly lower at 48 weeks in patients with the IL-28B major allele compared to patients with the IL-28B minor allele (TG or GG). The rate of HCV-RNA positivity at 24 weeks tended to be lower in patients with the IL-28B major allele, but there was no statistical significance (P=0.059). The sustained virological response (SVR) rate was 45.9% in patients with the IL-28B major allele, but 13.3% in patients with the IL-28B minor allele. The SVR correlated with the IL-28B major allele (OR=7.13, P=0.010), early virological response (OR=33.3, P=0.008), HCV-RNA ≤6.3 log IU/ml (OR=81.2, P=0.009) and γ-GTP ≤47 IU/l (OR=49.4, P=0.027). The IL-28B genotype is a significant pre-treatment predictor of the response to PEG-IFN/RBV therapy at 48 weeks in patients with HCV infection.


Nishimura T.,Shiga University of Medical Science | Osaki F.,Shiga University of Medical Science | Shioya M.,Shiga University of Medical Science | Imaeda H.,Shiga University of Medical Science | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2012

Ribavirin (RBV)-induced anemia is a serious side effect of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus RBV therapy which is the standard care most effective for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the present study, we investigated the association of inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPA) genotypes with RBV-induced hemoglobin (Hb) reduction in HCV patients treated with PEG-IFN/RBV therapy. The genotypes of the ITPA rs1127354 single nucleotide polymorphism were determined in 179 patients with HCV infection. Among them, 52 patients were treated with PEG-IFN/RBV. The frequency of the ITPA major allele (CC) was 76.3% and that of the minor allele (CA and AA) was 23.7%. A rapid decrease in Hb levels during the initial 4 weeks was observed in patients with the ITPA major allele (CC), but not in patients with the ITPA minor allele (C/A and AA). Hb levels at 4 weeks were significantly lower in patients with the ITPA major allele than the levels in patients with the minor allele. Out of the 41 patients, 6 (14.6%) with ITPA major allele had Hb levels <10 g/dl and 11 patients (26.8%) had a decline in Hb of >3 g/dl. None of the patients with the ITPA minor allele had such data. There were no significant differences in virological responses of HCV-RNA between patients with the ITPA major allele and those with the minor allele. In conclusion, the ITPA genotypes may be a useful marker for prediction of RBV-induced anemia.


PubMed | Shiga Hospital of Regional Health Care Promotion Organization, Shiga University of Medical Science and Notogawa Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biomedical reports | Year: 2015

The outcome of antiviral therapy is associated with viral and host factors. In the present study, the association between MHC class I-related chain B (

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