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East Norwalk, CT, United States

Brady B.G.,Norwalk Hospital | Brady B.G.,Vanderbilt University | Brady B.G.,Montefiore Medical Center | Gold H.,Maimonides Medical Center | And 2 more authors.
Contact Dermatitis | Year: 2015

Summary Background Although permanent tattoos are becoming increasingly commonplace, there is a paucity of epidemiological data on adverse tattoo reactions. Several European studies have indicated that tattoo reactions may be relatively common, although the extent of this phenomenon in the United States is largely unknown. Objectives To provide insights into the prevalence and nature of adverse tattoo reactions. Patients/materials/methods We administered a survey about adverse tattoo reactions to 300 randomly selected tattooed people in Central Park, New York City. Results Of 300 participants, 31 (10.3%) reported experiencing an adverse tattoo reaction, 13 (4.3%) reported acute reactions, and 18 (6.0%) suffered from a chronic reaction involving a specific colour lasting for >4 months. Forty-four per cent of colour-specific reactions were to red ink, which was only slightly higher than the frequency of red ink in the sampled population (36%). Twenty-five per cent of chronic reactions were to black ink, which was less than expected based on the number of respondents with black tattoos (90.3%). Study participants with chronic, colour-specific reactions had more tattoo colours than those without reactions. Conclusions This study shows that tattoo reactions are relatively common, and that further investigation into the underlying causes is merited. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source


Brady R.L.,Norwalk Hospital
American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.) | Year: 2010

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is an affliction of the hip presenting in adolescent children. There are several theories regarding the pathological cause of SCFE. The hormonal milieu during adolescence, combined with a deficiency in the physeal area of the growth plate, has been postulated as a possible etiology for its specific onset. In atypical circumstances, the early or late onset of SCFE may occur in the setting of unusual hormonal influences. This hormonal imbalance may be secondary to an underlying endocrinopathy-for example, hypothyroidism or hypogonadism. In this case, our patient presented with a clinically and radiographically unstable slip at the age of 22 years. His physical characteristics, along with confirmatory laboratory values and radiographs, indicated that the patient suffered from a disorder of delayed secondary growth. Subsequent thorough work-up revealed a large benign pituitary tumor that was causing severe panhypopituitarism. This article describes the presentation, diagnostic work-up and treatment of our patient with a delayed-onset SCFE in the setting of a pituitary tumor. Source


Weigert J.,Mandell and Blau MDs PC | Steenbergen S.,Norwalk Hospital
Breast Journal | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to determine the potential of screening breast ultrasound to improve breast cancer detection in women with mammographically normal, but dense breasts. Six Connecticut radiology practices with 12 total sites participated in a retrospective chart review. The total number of screening mammograms, screening ultrasounds broken down by BIRADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System) codes, and the number of positive and negative biopsies were collected from November 2009 through November 2010. Demographic data on the patients with positive biopsies as well as cancer staging were also collected. Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Predictive Value, and Negative Predictive Value were calculated. A total of 72,030 screening mammograms and 8,647 screening ultrasounds were performed at the research sites during the study period. Relevant research indicates that 41% of the female population has dense breasts. In this study, 12% (8,647/72,030) underwent follow-up breast ultrasound screening. A total of 86% (7,451/8,647) of the ultrasounds were BIRADS 1 or 2, 9% (767/8,647) were BIRADS 3, 5% (429/8,647) were BIRADS 4 or 5. Of those 429 recommended to undergo biopsy 418 were performed and 28 cancers were found. There was one false negative. Screening breast ultrasound in women with mammographically normal, but dense breasts has a Positive Predictive Value (PPV) of 6.7% (28/418), Negative Predictive Value (NPV) of 99.9% (7,450/7,451), sensitivity of 96.6% (28/29), and a specificity of 94.9% (7,450/7,851). Screening ultrasound had an additional yield of 3.25 per 1,000 cancers in women with dense breasts and normal mammograms and no additional risk factors. As with all screening tests, time, cost, and false positive risk must be considered. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Dodds P.R.,Norwalk Hospital
Connecticut medicine | Year: 2011

Although transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies (TRUSB) of the prostate gland are generally considered to be low-risk procedures, a study from Canada reported that there had been a significant increase in the percentage of hospital admissions following TRUSBs between 1996 and 2005 (1.0% to 4.1%). The authors speculated that the increase may be secondary to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant enteric bacteria or the result of an increasing number of cores taken with each TRUSB. In a chart review, we retrospectively evaluated complications from 2,080 consecutive TRUSBs performed by one urology group in Connecticut between January 2003 and August 2010. We identified seven patients (0.34%) who were admitted to an acute-care hospital for infectious complications and three patients (0.14%) who were admitted for bleeding. The risk of serious infections and bleeding did not significantly rise during the study period despite a significant increase in the mean number of biopsy cores taken. Source


Magge S.S.,Norwalk Hospital | Wolf J.L.,Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Women's Health | Year: 2013

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder, characterized by chronic or recurrent abdominal pain with constipation, diarrhea and/or an alternation of the two, and often bloating. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) consists of a group of medical treatments that are not commonly considered to be a part of traditional medicine. CAM is commonly used for difficult-to-treat chronic medical conditions. Many patients choose CAM because there are only a limited number of treatments available for IBS or because they would like to have a 'natural therapy'. Mind-body therapies for IBS have proven efficacy, but have not been well accepted by patients or practitioners for treatment. This article reviews the use of CAM and mind-body therapies in IBS, with a focus on probiotics, acupuncture, herbal medicines and psychological therapies. © 2013 Future Medicine Ltd. Source

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