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Phoenix, AZ, United States

Patil P.U.,University of Delaware | Patil P.U.,DuPont Company | D'Ambrosio J.,DuPont Company | Inge L.J.,Norton Thoracic Institute | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cell Science | Year: 2015

In epithelial cancers, carcinoma cells coexist with normal cells. Although it is known that the tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a pivotal role in cancer progression, it is not completely understood how the tumor influences adjacent normal epithelial cells. In this study, a three-dimensional co-culture system comprising non-transformed epithelial cells (MDCK) and transformed carcinoma cells (MSV-MDCK) was used to demonstrate that carcinoma cells sequentially induce preneoplastic lumen filling and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in epithelial cysts. MMP-9 secreted by carcinoma cells cleaves cellular E-cadherin (encoded by CDH1) from epithelial cells to generate soluble E-cadherin (sE-cad), a pro-oncogenic protein. We show that sE-cad induces EGFR activation, resulting in lumen filling in MDCK cysts. Long-term sE-cad treatment induced EMT. sE-cad caused lumen filling by induction of the ERK signaling pathway and triggered EMT through the sustained activation of the AKT pathway. Although it is known that sE-cad induces MMP-9 release and consequent EGFR activation in tumor cells, our results, for the first time, demonstrate that carcinoma cells can induce sE-cad shedding in adjacent epithelial cells, which leads to EGFR activation and the eventual transdifferentiation of the normal epithelial cells. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd. Source

Tejwani V.,Cleveland Clinic | Panchabhai T.S.,Norton Thoracic Institute | Kotloff R.M.,Cleveland Clinic | Mehta A.C.,Cleveland Clinic
Chest | Year: 2016

Lung transplantation is now an established treatment for a broad spectrum of end-stage pulmonary diseases. According to the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Registry, more than 50,000 lung transplants have been performed worldwide, with nearly 11,000 lung transplant recipients alive in the United States. With the increasing application of lung transplantation, pulmonologists must be cognizant of common complications unique to the postlung transplant period and the associated radiologic findings. The aim of this review is to describe clinical manifestations and prototypical radiographic features of both common and rare complications encountered in lung transplant recipients. © 2016 American College of Chest Physicians. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Panchabhai T.S.,Norton Thoracic Institute | Bandyopadhyay D.,Respiratory Institute | Yadav R.,Imaging Institute | Arrossi A.V.,Cleveland Clinic | And 2 more authors.
Chest | Year: 2016

A 42-year-old white woman presented to the pulmonary clinic for evaluation of abnormal chest imaging. Twenty years prior to presentation, she was noted to have an abnormal chest radiograph during a routine preemployment evaluation. A subsequent bronchoscopy was nondiagnostic. She was followed up with annual imaging, which demonstrated little or no progression of her disease. She remained symptom free throughout this period. A year before her visit to the pulmonary clinic, she developed abdominal discomfort and was found to have ascites. Subsequently, she underwent three paracenteses with analysis revealing chylous fluid. She was a nonsmoker without a history of exposures or travel. Source

Panchabhai T.S.,Norton Thoracic Institute | Bandyopadhyay D.,Cleveland Clinic | Highland K.B.,Cleveland Clinic | Chaisson N.F.,Cleveland Clinic | Aboussouan L.S.,Cleveland Clinic
Chest | Year: 2016

A 26-year-old white woman diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented with left shoulder pain and a three-pillow orthopnea. Lupus was diagnosed at age 21 years when she developed arthritis, and she has been maintained on prednisone (2.5 mg) and mycophenolate (500 mg bid). In the course of evaluating her new symptoms, imaging revealed a small left pleural effusion with exudative characteristics on a diagnostic thoracentesis, but there was no evidence of infection. Her immunosuppression treatment was increased to 1,000 mg bid of mycophenolate and 20 mg of prednisone. Three months later, she presented to our clinic with worsening six-pillow orthopnea, such that she usually slept with 45- truncal elevation on a recliner at night. She was unable to lie flat. Her dyspnea was worse in the mornings, and she described having to "gasp" for air. Source

Hashimi S.,Norton Thoracic Institute | Bremner R.M.,Norton Thoracic Institute
Thoracic Surgery Clinics | Year: 2015

Surgical procedures to treat reflux disease are common, but good outcomes rely on both a thorough preoperative workup and careful surgical techniques. Although complications are uncommon, surgeons should recognize these and possess the skills to overcome them in clinical practice. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

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