Northwestern Polytechnical University

www.nwpu.edu.cn/
Xi'an, China

Northwestern Polytechnical University is a National Key University, directed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China, located in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. The university emphasizes on the education and research in aeronautical, astronautical and marine engineering. In February 2012, NPU has 13,736 graduate students and 14,395 undergraduate students. Wikipedia.

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News Article | May 5, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.com

The grand champion, team Tsinghua University, completed deep parallel optimization of the high-resolution maritime data simulation mode MASNUM on TaihuLight, expanding the original program up to 10,000 cores and speeding up the program by 392 times. This helped the Tsinghua University team win the e Prize award. MASNUM was nominated in 2016 for the Gordon Bell Prize, the top international prize in the supercomputing applications field. The runner-up, Beihang University, gave an outstanding performance in the popular AI field. After constructing a supercomputing system which received massive training based on past big data of transportation provided by Baidu, their self-developed excellent deep neural network model yielded the most accurate prediction of road conditions during the morning peak. The first-time finalist, Weifang University team, constructed a highly optimized advanced heterogeneous supercomputing system with Inspur's supercomputing server, and ran the international HPL benchmark test, setting a new world record of 31.7 TFLOPS for float-point computing speed. The team turned out to be the biggest surprise of the event and won the award for best computing performance. Moreover, Ural Federal University, National Tsing Hua University, Northwestern Polytechnical University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University won the application innovation award. The popular choice award was shared by Saint-Petersburg State University and Zhengzhou University. "It is great to see the presence of global teams in this event," Jack Dongarra, the Chairman of the ASC Expert Committee, founder of the TOP500 list that ranks the 500 most powerful supercomputer systems in the world, and professor at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory of the United States and the University of Tennessee, said in an interview. "This event inspired students to gain advanced scientific knowledge. TaihuLight is an amazing platform for this event. Just imagine the interconnected computation of everyone's computer in a gymnasium housing 100,000 persons, and TaihuLight's capacity is 100 times of such a gym. This is something none of the teams will ever be able to experience again." According to Wang Endong, initiator of the ASC competition, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the chief scientist of Inspur Group, the rapid development of AI at the moment is significantly changing human society. At the core of such development are computing, data and algorithms. With this trend, supercomputers will become an important infrastructure for intelligent society in the future, and their speed of development and standards will be closely related to social development, improvement in livelihood, and progress of civilization. ASC competition is always committed to cultivating future-oriented, inter-disciplinary supercomputing talents to extend the benefits to the greater population. ASC17 is jointly organized by the Asian Supercomputing Community, Inspur Group, the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, and Zhengzhou University. Initiated by China, the ASC supercomputing challenge aims to be the platform to promote exchanges among young supercomputing talent from different countries and regions, as well as to groom young talent. It also aims to be the key driving force in promoting technological and industrial innovations by improving the standards in supercomputing applications and research. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/tsinghua-university-won-asc17-championship-big-time-300452166.html


News Article | May 5, 2017
Site: en.prnasia.com

WUXI, China, May 6, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The final round of the 2017 ASC Student Supercomputer Challenge (ASC17) ended in Wuxi. Tsinghua University stood out from 20 teams from around the world after a fierce one-week competition, becoming grand champion and winning the prize. As the world's largest supercomputing competition, ASC17 received applications from 230 universities around the world, 20 of which got through to the final round held this week at the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi after the qualifying rounds. During the final round, the university student teams were required to independently design a supercomputing system under the precondition of a limited 3000W power consumption. They also had to operate and optimize standard international benchmark tests and a variety of cutting-edge scientific and engineering applications including AI-based transport prediction, genetic assembly, and material science. Moreover, they were required to complete high-resolution maritime simulation on the world's fastest supercomputer, "Sunway TaihuLight". The grand champion, team Tsinghua University, completed deep parallel optimization of the high-resolution maritime data simulation mode MASNUM on TaihuLight, expanding the original program up to 10,000 cores and speeding up the program by 392 times. This helped the Tsinghua University team win the e Prize award. MASNUM was nominated in 2016 for the Gordon Bell Prize, the top international prize in the supercomputing applications field. The runner-up, Beihang University, gave an outstanding performance in the popular AI field. After constructing a supercomputing system which received massive training based on past big data of transportation provided by Baidu, their self-developed excellent deep neural network model yielded the most accurate prediction of road conditions during the morning peak. The first-time finalist, Weifang University team, constructed a highly optimized advanced heterogeneous supercomputing system with Inspur's supercomputing server, and ran the international HPL benchmark test, setting a new world record of 31.7 TFLOPS for float-point computing speed. The team turned out to be the biggest surprise of the event and won the award for best computing performance. Moreover, Ural Federal University, National Tsing Hua University, Northwestern Polytechnical University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University won the application innovation award. The popular choice award was shared by Saint-Petersburg State University and Zhengzhou University. "It is great to see the presence of global teams in this event," Jack Dongarra, the Chairman of the ASC Expert Committee, founder of the TOP500 list that ranks the 500 most powerful supercomputer systems in the world, and professor at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory of the United States and the University of Tennessee, said in an interview. "This event inspired students to gain advanced scientific knowledge. TaihuLight is an amazing platform for this event. Just imagine the interconnected computation of everyone's computer in a gymnasium housing 100,000 persons, and TaihuLight's capacity is 100 times of such a gym. This is something none of the teams will ever be able to experience again." According to Wang Endong, initiator of the ASC competition, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the chief scientist of Inspur Group, the rapid development of AI at the moment is significantly changing human society. At the core of such development are computing, data and algorithms. With this trend, supercomputers will become an important infrastructure for intelligent society in the future, and their speed of development and standards will be closely related to social development, improvement in livelihood, and progress of civilization. ASC competition is always committed to cultivating future-oriented, inter-disciplinary supercomputing talents to extend the benefits to the greater population. ASC17 is jointly organized by the Asian Supercomputing Community, Inspur Group, the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, and Zhengzhou University. Initiated by China, the ASC supercomputing challenge aims to be the platform to promote exchanges among young supercomputing talent from different countries and regions, as well as to groom young talent. It also aims to be the key driving force in promoting technological and industrial innovations by improving the standards in supercomputing applications and research. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/tsinghua-university-won-asc17-championship-big-time-300452166.html


The School of Chinese Medicine (SCM) of Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) is conducting a space life science study aboard China's first cargo spacecraft, Tianzhou-1, which was launched last month. HKBU is the only institution of higher education outside the Mainland to conduct scientific research aboard the Tianzhou 1. The HKBU team is studying effects of the CKIP-1 gene on bone formation in the microgravity condition on board the Tianzhou 1 in space. In microgravity, bone loss occurs several times faster than on Earth, posing a serious health threat to astronauts, who therefore cannot stay in space for long periods of time. The HKBU team hopes that the study will lead to the formulation of a set of protective measures and treatments as well as the discovery of new drugs to prevent or treat bone loss resulting from space travel. It could also serve as reference for the development of a health care and therapeutics for an ageing population. The HKBU team is led by Professor Lyu Aiping, HKBU Dean of Chinese Medicine, and Director of the Law Sau Fai Institute for Advancing Translational Medicine in Bone & Joint Diseases (TMBJ), and Professor Zhang Ge, Associate Director of TMBJ, Associate Director of SCM's Teaching and Research Division, and Director of the Technology Development Division, with Post-doctoral Research Fellow Dr Liang Chao and Senior Research Assistant Miss Wang Luyao as team members. Professor Lyu Aiping said this is another important contribution made by HKBU to the Mainland's major scientific research initiatives after its participation in the first deep-sea expedition aboard the manned submersible Jiaolong in 2013. This new contribution not only recognises HKBU's and Hong Kong's research strength in related areas, but is also a great source of encouragement to members of the Chinese medicine and higher education sectors. Professor Zhang Ge says the quality of Bone & Joint Research at TMBJ has reached the top international level. TMBJ members have in recent years published a number of research papers in prestigious academic journals such as Nature Communications and Nature Medicine. He hopes their project will bring a breakthrough in this related area of research. The CKIP-1 gene in osteoblasts (bone-forming cells) could specifically interact with SMURF1 genes in the cells to inhibit cell activity, thereby slowing down or hindering bone formation. The research team led by Professor Lyu and Professor Zhang further found that the aberrant elevated CKIP-1 expression in osteoblast could inhibit bone formation and contribute to the reduction in bone formation during ageing as well as in the development of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Nevertheless, the function of CKIP-1 in the process of bone formation reduction caused by microgravity in space is still not yet known. The team has placed osteoblast in which CKIP-1 genes were silenced on board the Tianzhou 1 for further research, and is monitoring the effects of CKIP-1 on osteoblast. To prepare for the launch of Tianzhou 1, Dr Liang Chao and Miss Wang Luyao of the HKBU team participated in a number of life science experiments at ground level, organised by the National Space Science and Application Centre of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. These experiments included simulated vibration tests, bio-compatibility tests and simulated microgravity experiments as well as systematic matching experiments and rehearsals. Tianzhou 1 was launched at the Wenchang Space Launch Centre in Hainan. Entitled "Research on the impact of microgravity on the proliferation and differentiation of cells", the space life science study on Tianzhou 1 is led by Northwestern Polytechnical University in collaboration with HKBU, Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, the Academy of Military Medical Sciences, and the Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The project consists of eight sub-projects of which HKBU is responsible for sub-project CKIP 1. Media enquiries: Connie Ko of the School of Chinese Medicine (+852 3411 2132) or M S Fung of the Communication and Public Relations Office (+852 3411 5261 or +852 7472 2122).


Patent
Northwestern Polytechnical University | Date: 2016-12-15

A gravity-based light pressure calibrating device includes a vacuum chamber, a calibration platform, and laser emitters and laser beam expanders, laser beam expanders changing a point light source to an area light source.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2011.3.2-02 | Award Amount: 11.78M | Year: 2011

The QB50 Project will demonstrate the possibility of launching a network of 50 CubeSats built by CubeSat teams from all over the world to perform first-class science and in-orbit demonstration in the largely unexplored middle and lower thermosphere. Space agencies are not pursuing a multi-spacecraft network for in-situ measurements in the middle and lower thermosphere because the cost of a network of 50 satellites built to industrial standards would be very high and not justifiable in view of the limited orbital lifetime. No atmospheric network mission for in-situ measurements has been carried out in the past or is planned for the future. A network of satellites for in-situ measurements in the middle and lower thermosphere can only be realised by using very low-cost satellites, and CubeSats are the only realistic option. The Project will demonstrate the sustained availability of a low-cost launch opportunities, for launching small payloads into low-Earth orbit; these could be microsatellites or networks of CubeSats or nanosats or many individual small satellites for scientific, technological, microgravity or biology research. The Project will include the development of a deployment system for the deployment into orbit of a large number of single, double or triple CubeSats. Once the system is developed for QB50 it can be easily adapted to other missions. QB50 will also provide a launch opportunity for key technology demonstration on IOD CubeSats such as formation flying and aerobrakes. All 50 CubeSats will be launched together into a circular orbit at approximately 380 km altitude. Due to atmospheric drag, the orbits of the CubeSats will decay and progressively lower and lower layers of the thermosphere will be explored without the need for on-board propulsion, perhaps down to 200 km. QB50 will be among the first CubeSat networks in orbit.


Xie K.,Northwestern Polytechnical University | Wei B.,Northwestern Polytechnical University | Wei B.,University of Delaware
Advanced Materials | Year: 2014

Stretchable energy storage and conversion devices (ESCDs) are attracting intensive attention due to their promising and potential applications in realistic consumer products, ranging from portable electronics, bio-integrated devices, space satellites, and electric vehicles to buildings with arbitrarily shaped surfaces. Material synthesis and structural design are core in the development of highly stretchable supercapacitors, batteries, and solar cells for practical applications. This review provides a brief summary of research development on the stretchable ESCDs in the past decade, from structural design strategies to novel materials synthesis. The focuses are on the fundamental insights of mechanical characteristics of materials and structures on the performance of the stretchable ESCDs, as well as challenges for their practical applications. Finally, some of the important directions in the areas of material synthesis and structural design facing the stretchable ESCDs are discussed. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Liu H.,Northwestern Polytechnical University | Rodriguez R.M.,University of Jaén
Information Sciences | Year: 2014

Decision making is a process common to human beings. The uncertainty and fuzziness of problems demand the use of the fuzzy linguistic approach to model qualitative aspects of problems related to decision. The recent proposal of hesitant fuzzy linguistic term sets supports the elicitation of comparative linguistic expressions in hesitant situations when experts hesitate among different linguistic terms to provide their assessments. The use of linguistic intervals whose results lose their initial fuzzy representation was introduced to facilitate the computing processes in which such expressions are used. The aim of this paper is to present a new representation of the hesitant fuzzy linguistic term sets by means of a fuzzy envelope to carry out the computing with words processes. This new fuzzy envelope can be directly applied to fuzzy multicriteria decision making models. An illustrative example of its application to a supplier selection problem through the use of fuzzy TOPSIS is presented. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Zhao X.,Northwestern Polytechnical University
Journal of Materials Chemistry | Year: 2012

The bottom-up fabrication of facile, lower-cost, larger areas optical metamaterials (OMMs) is expected to provide important benefits for applications in stealth technology and communication networks. Currently available OMMs at optical wavelengths are all composed of periodic structures, and fabricated by top-down approaches of e-beam lithography or focused ion beam technique. Limited by the high cost and extremely small sample volumes size, the fabrication of visible OMMs is still quite challenging on the nanometer scale. The rapid maturation of synthetic methodology in the field of the nanometer scale has lead to the creation of new materials at an incredible rate. In this review, we regard a V-shaped core as an artificial atom and a dendritic cell as an artificial molecule, and address the bottom-up fabrication and performance of optical metamaterials, and with an outlook toward developing devices capable of operating in optical media. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Xu B.,Northwestern Polytechnical University
Nonlinear Dynamics | Year: 2015

This paper presents adaptive dynamic surface control for the flexible model of hypersonic flight vehicle in the presence of unknown dynamics and input nonlinearity. By modeling the flexible coupling as disturbance of rigid body, based on the functional decomposition, the dynamics is divided into attitude subsystem and velocity subsystem. Flight path angle, pitch angle, and pitching rate are involved in the attitude subsystem. To eliminate the inherent problem of “explosion of complexity” in back-stepping, the dynamic surface control is investigated to construct the controller. Furthermore, direct neural control with robust design is proposed without estimating the control gain function and in this way the singularity problem could be avoided. In the last step of dynamic surface design, through the use of Nussbaum-type function, stable adaptive control is presented for the unknown dynamics with time- varying control gain function. The uniform ultimate boundedness stability of the closed-loop system is guaranteed. Simulation result shows the feasibility of the proposed method. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Patent
Northwestern Polytechnical University | Date: 2015-07-07

A system and method relate to receiving, by a processing device, a plurality of sound signals captured at a plurality of microphone sensors, wherein the plurality of sound signals are from a sound source, and wherein a number (M) of the plurality of microphone sensors is greater than three, determining a number (K) of layers for a multistage minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) beamformer based on the number (M) of the plurality of microphone sensors, wherein the number (K) of layers is greater than one, and wherein each layer of the multistage MVDR beamformer comprises one or more mini-length MVDR beamformers, and executing the multistage MVDR beamformer to the plurality of sound signals to calculate an estimate of the sound source.

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