Rudin C.M.,Johns Hopkins University |
Hann C.L.,Johns Hopkins University |
Garon E.B.,University of California at Los Angeles |
Ribeiro De Oliveira M.,Northwest Medical Specialties PLLC |
And 20 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2012
Purpose: Bcl-2 is a critical regulator of apoptosis that is overexpressed in the majority of small cell lung cancers (SCLC). Nativoclax (ABT-263) is a potent and selective inhibitor of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL. The primary objectives of this phase IIa study included safety at the recommended phase II dose and preliminary, exploratory efficacy assessment in patients with recurrent and progressive SCLC after at least one prior therapy. Experimental Design: Thirty-nine patients received navitoclax 325 mg daily, following an initial lead-in of 150 mg daily for 7 days. Study endpoints included safety and toxicity assessment, response rate, progression-free and overall survival (PFS and OS), as well as exploratory pharmacodynamic correlates. Results: The most common toxicity associated with navitoclax was thrombocytopenia, which reached grade III-IV in 41% of patients. Partial response was observed in one (2.6%) patient and stable disease in 9 (23%) patients. Median PFS was 1.5 months and median OS was 3.2 months. A strong association between plasma pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (pro-GRP) level and tumor Bcl-2 copy number (R = 0.93) was confirmed. Exploratory analyses revealed baseline levels of cytokeratin 19 fragment antigen 21-1, neuronspecific enolase, pro-GRP, and circulating tumor cell number as correlates of clinical benefit. Conclusion: Bcl-2 targeting by navitoclax shows limited single-agent activity against advanced and recurrent SCLC. Correlative analyses suggest several putative biomarkers of clinical benefit. Preclinicalmodels support that navitoclaxmay enhance sensitivity of SCLC and other solid tumors to standard cytotoxics. Future studies will focus on combination therapies. ©2012 AACR. Source
Rosen P.J.,Tower Cancer Research Foundation |
Sweeney C.J.,Indiana University |
Park D.J.,Tower Cancer Research Foundation |
Beaupre D.M.,Amgen Inc. |
And 7 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2010
Purpose: This phase Ib study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and antitumor activity of AMG 102, a fully human monoclonal antibody against hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), in combination with bevacizumab or motesanib in patients with advanced solid tumors. Experimental Design: Patients with treatment-refractory advanced solid tumors were sequentially enrolled into four cohorts (3, 10, or 20 mg/kg AMG 102 plus 10 mg/kg bevacizumab i.v. every 2 weeks, or 3 mg/kg AMG 102 i.v. every 2 weeks plus 75 mg motesanib orally once daily). Results: Fourteen patients were enrolled and received AMG 102. The combination of AMG 102 with bevacizumab (n = 12) seemed to have acceptable toxicity. The number of patients (n = 2) who received AMG 102 plus motesanib was insufficient to adequately assess safety. No dose-limiting toxicities were reported. Enrollment in the motesanib cohort was suspended because of reports of cholecystitis in other motesanib studies. Treatment-emergent adverse events among patients receiving AMG 102 plus bevacizumab were generally mild and included fatigue (75%), nausea (58%), constipation (42%), and peripheral edema (42%). No anti-AMG 102 antibodies were detected. Bevacizumab did not seem to affect AMG 102 pharmacokinetics. Circulating total HGF/SF increased from baseline throughout the study. Eight of 10 evaluable patients had reductions in tumor dimensions, and stable disease at ≥8, ≥16, and ≥24 weeks occurred in 9, 7, and 4 patients, respectively. Progression-free survival ranged from 7.9 to 121.9 weeks. Conclusions: AMG 102 in combination with bevacizumab was well tolerated. Further evaluation of AMG 102 in combination with antiangiogenic agents is warranted. ©2010 AACR. Source
Infante J.R.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute Tennessee Oncology PLLC |
Somer B.G.,West Clinic |
Park J.O.,Sungkyunkwan University |
Li C.-P.,Taipei Veterans General Hospital |
And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2014
Background Trametinib, an oral mitogen/extracellular signal-related kinase (MEK)1/2 inhibitor, holds promise for malignancies with rat sarcoma (RAS) mutations, like pancreas cancer. This phase II study was designed to determine overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreas cancer treated with trametinib and gemcitabine. Secondary end-points included progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR) and duration of response (DOR); safety end-points were also assessed. Methods Adults with untreated metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were randomised (1:1) to receive intravenous gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 (weekly × 7 for 8 weeks, then days 1, 8 and 15 of 28-day cycles) plus trametinib or placebo 2 mg daily. RAS mutations were determined in circulating free DNA (cfDNA) and archival tumour tissue. OS was evaluated in kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutant and wild-type subgroups. Results Baseline characteristics for 160 patients were similar in both treatment arms. There was no significant difference in OS (hazard ratio (HR) 0.98; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.67-1.44; P =.453); median OS was 8.4 months with gemcitabine plus trametinib and 6.7 months with gemcitabine plus placebo. Median PFS (16 versus 15 weeks), ORR (22% versus 18%) and median DOR (23.9 versus 16.1 weeks) were also similar for trametinib and placebo arms, respectively. KRAS mutation-positive patients (n = 103) showed no difference in OS between arms. Thrombocytopenia, diarrhoea, rash and stomatitis were more frequent with trametinib, as was grade 3 anaemia. Conclusions The addition of trametinib to gemcitabine did not improve OS, PFS, ORR or DOR in patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreas cancer. Outcomes were independent of KRAS mutations determined by cfDNA. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source
Fuchs C.S.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute |
Fakih M.,Roswell Park Cancer Institute |
Schwartzberg L.,West Clinic |
Cohn A.L.,Rocky Mountain Cancer Center |
And 10 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2013
BACKGROUND In patients with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), we conducted a phase 1b/randomized phase 2 trial to define the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab (mFOLFOX6/bev) with conatumumab, an investigational, fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody that specifically activates death receptor 5 (DR5). METHODS Twelve patients were enrolled in a phase 1b open-label dose-escalation trial of conatumumab with mFOLFOX6/bev; thereafter, 190 patients were randomized 1:1:1 to receive mFOLFOX6/bev in combination with 2 mg/kg conatumumab, 10 mg/kg conatumumab, or placebo. Therapy cycles were repeated every 2 weeks until disease progression or the occurrence of unacceptable toxicity. RESULTS In phase 1b, conatumumab with mFOLFOX6/bev was tolerated without apparent added toxicity over mFOLFOX6/bev alone. In phase 2, conatumumab with mFOLFOX6/bev did not confer a benefit in progression-free survival when compared with placebo with mFOLFOX6/bev. Toxicity was similar in all treatment arms. Following treatment, similar increases in circulating caspase-3 levels were observed in all arms. CONCLUSIONS Conatumumab with mFOLFOX6/bev did not offer improved efficacy over the same chemotherapy with placebo in first-line treatment of patients with mCRC. These data do not support further development of conatumumab in advanced CRC. Source