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Kirkland, WA, United States

Opsahl M.S.,Northwest Center for Reproductive science | Taylor-Swanson L.,University of Washington
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Year: 2013

Objectives: In 2007, Craig et al. reported the results of a randomized controlled trial in which a standardized acupuncture protocol performed on the day of embryo transfer (ET) resulted in lower pregnancy rates after in vitro fertilization (IVF). Between 2005 and 2007, the Craig protocol was used by one of the authors (LHR) at an infertility clinic unaffiliated with the Craig et al. trial. The objective was to retrospectively review clinic records to evaluate the effect of the Craig protocol in both donor and nondonor IVF cycles on four outcomes: (1) live births; (2) biochemical pregnancies; (3) adverse outcomes; and (4) live births in nondonor cycles across age groups established by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology. Design: The study design was a retrospective chart review. Setting: The study was conducted at a private infertility clinic. Patient(s): Patients underwent fresh, donor (N=70) or nondonor (N=402) IVF-ET. Intervention(s): The Craig protocol included the following points before ET: GV-20, CV-6, ST-29, SP-8, PC-6, LV-3; Shenmen and Brain on the left ear; and Uterus and Endocrine on the right ear. After transfer the points were LI-4, SP-10, ST-36, SP-6, KI-3; Uterus and Endocrine on the left ear; and Shenmen and Brain on the right ear. Main outcome measure(s): Live births (LB) beyond 24 weeks' gestation was the main outcome measure. Result(s): In nondonor IVF cycles, there were no differences in LB across age groups (odds ratio [OR]=1.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.68-1.57), biochemical pregnancies (OR=0.60, 95% CI 0.27-1.33), or adverse outcomes (OR=0.63, 95% CI 0.31-1.26). In donor cycles, LB were higher in the acupuncture group (relative risk=1.31, 95% CI 1.02-1.71). Conclusions: In this observational study, the Craig protocol was not found to lower IVF LB. In fact, the Craig protocol was associated with higher LB in donor cycles. These findings should be considered cautiously because more adequately powered, randomized research is needed. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013. Source


Ata B.,McGill University | Ata B.,Uludag University | Kaplan B.,Fertility Centers of Illinois | Danzer H.,Reproductive Center | And 5 more authors.
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2012

This study retrospectively analysed array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) results of 7753 embryos from 990 patients to determine the frequency of embryonic euploidy and its relationship with the cohort size (i.e. the number of embryos available for biopsy and array CGH analysis). Linear regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of cohort size on euploidy rate adjusted for the effect of female age. While increasing female age was associated with a significant decrease in euploidy rate of day-3 and day-5 embryos (P < 0.001 for both groups), cohort size was not significantly associated with euploidy rate. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of cohort size, adjusted for maternal age, on the likelihood of having at least one euploid embryo available for transfer. The odds of having at least one euploid embryo in an assisted cycle was significantly decreased by increasing female age (P < 0.01 for both day-3 and day-5 embryos) and was significantly increased by every additional embryo available for analysis (P < 0.001 for both day-3 and day-5 embryos). © 2012, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Source


Hullender Rubin L.E.,Oregon Health And Science University | Opsahl M.S.,Northwest Center for Reproductive science | Wiemer K.E.,Northwest Center for Reproductive science | Mist S.D.,Northwest Center for Reproductive science | Caughey A.B.,Oregon Health And Science University
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2015

Patients undergoing IVF may receive either acupuncture or whole-systems traditional Chinese medicine (WS-TCM) as an adjuvant IVF treatment. WS-TCM is a complex intervention that can include acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine, dietary, lifestyle recommendations. In this retrospective cohort study, 1231 IVF patient records were reviewed to assess the effect of adjuvant WS-TCM on IVF outcomes compared among three groups: IVF with no additional treatment; IVF and elective acupuncture on day of embryo transfer; or IVF and elective WS-TCM. The primary outcome was live birth. Of 1069 non-donor cycles, WS-TCM was associated with greater odds of live birth compared with IVF alone (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.09; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36 to 3.21), or embryo transfer with acupuncture only (AOR 1.62; 95% CI 1.04 to 2.52). Of 162 donor cycles, WS-TCM was associated with increased live births compared with all groups (odds Ratio [OR] 3.72; 95% CI 1.05 to 13.24, unadjusted) or embryo transfer with acupuncture only (OR 4.09; 95% CI: 1.02 to 16.38, unadjusted). Overall, IVF with adjuvant WS-TCM was associated with greater odds of live birth in donor and non-donor cycles. These results should be taken cautiously as more rigorous research is needed. © 2015 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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