The Universiti Utara Malaysia was established on 16 February 1984 under the Universiti Utara Malaysia 1984 Order . The university was corporatised on 23 April 1998. The university is located in Sintok, Kedah. The university was established with the specific mission of providing a leadership role for management education in the country. Thus, the university is also known as a management university. Wikipedia.
Azam M.,Northern University of Malaysia
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2016
Sustainable economic growth needs to be the primary objective of every government, including developing Asian countries, to improve the social welfare of the people. Therefore, to achieve the desirable level of sustainable economic growth, environmental degradation must be controlled without lowering real growth and the well-being of the society. This study empirically investigates the impact of environmental degradation by CO2 emissions on the economic growth of 11 Asian countries between 1990 and 2011. Based on the nature of the data, traditional panel estimation techniques encompassing fixed effects and random effects are employed, in which the results of Hausman's test and other tests show that the use of fixed effects is preferable over the random-effect estimator. Empirical results exhibit that environmental degradation has a significantly negative impact on economic growth. Empirical findings also suggest that environmental degradation should be regulated. Therefore, environmentally enlightened management policies for the decrease of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption by transportation and industries need to be pursued by Asian countries. The adoption of safe carbon emission cut-back policies is a promising path to sustainable economic growth. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Rohni A.M.,Northern University of Malaysia |
Ahmad S.,Universiti Sains Malaysia |
Pop I.,Technical University of Cluj Napoca
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer | Year: 2012
The unsteady flow over a continuously shrinking surface with wall mass suction in a water based nanofluid containing different type of nanoparticles: Cu, Al 2O 3 and TiO 2 is numerically studied. Similarity equations are obtained through the application of similarity transformation techniques. The shooting method is used to solve the similarity equations for different values of the wall mass suction, the unsteadiness and the nanoparticle volume fraction parameters. The results of skin friction coefficient f″(0) and heat transfer rate -θ′(0) are presented in tables and graphs. It is found that dual solution exists for a certain range of wall mass suction s, volume fraction and unsteadiness parameters A. The results of velocity and temperature profiles are also presented. It is seen that two values of boundary layer thickness η ∞ are obtained, which gives two different velocity and temperature profiles that satisfy the boundary conditions. It is also found that the nanoparticle volume fraction parameter and types of nanofluid play an important role to significantly determine the flow behaviour. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Omran A.,Northern University of Malaysia
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism | Year: 2016
Solid waste is one of the major environmental problems in Libya. It plays a significant role in the ability of nature to sustain life within its capacity. Recycling of solid wastes is considered as one the solutions to recover the waste generated. This study aimed to examine the restrictions that hinder residents from practicing recycling. A structured questionnaire was designed to serve as the instrument for the collection of data which was administered on 700 randomly selected in the city of Al-Marj. Out of the 700 questionnaires sent out, only 482 were retrieved representing a response rate of 69%. Based on the findings, it was found that the majority of the residents in the city believed that recycling solid waste is a very important activity; however, their attitude toward this activity was found to be negative. The residents did not recycle nor were they involved in such activities. Most residents do not know how to recycle solid waste; some of them did not even know the items that can be recycled. © 2016, ASERS Publishing House. All rights reserved.
Shafie S.M.,Northern University of Malaysia
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2016
Today's world is mostly dependent on fossil fuel for power generation. The dependency in fossil fuel is leading the world into a complex crisis comprising the insecurity of supplies, environment impact and also the fluctuation of fuel price. With a view to tackle this crisis, scientists are shifting their interest on new energy sources like biomass resources, solar, tidal and geothermal energies. Among these, biomass resources have been around for domestic use for a long time, but have not yet been utilised for industrial-scale power generation. Whereas other renewable sources have a long way to go in the path to technological advancement to be utilised in a mass scale and compete with fossil fuel as a cost-effective alternative. The most potential biomass resource is lignocellulosic biomass, which includes paddy residue. Paddy residues are widely abundant agricultural wastes which have a high potential for utilisation in energy industries. The major challenges for the proper utilisation of paddy residues in power generation are management, lack of economic study, and lack of collection network. Lastly, the economic, environment and energy policies play an important role for developing paddy residues as a fuel for energy industries. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Othman N.,Northern University of Malaysia |
Nasurdin A.M.,Universiti Sains Malaysia
Journal of Nursing Management | Year: 2013
Aim This study addressed the question of whether social support (supervisor support and co-worker support) could contribute to the variance in work engagement. Background Nurses, as customer-contact employees, play an important role in representing the organization's competence. Their attitudes and behaviour toward patients has a significant influence on patients' satisfaction and perception of quality of service. Methods The sample comprised 402 staff nurses working in three general hospitals in Peninsular Malaysia. Variables included demographic information, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale and Social Support Scale. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, correlations and regression analysis. Results Findings indicated that supervisor support was positively related to work engagement. Co-worker support was found to have no effect on work engagement. Conclusions Supervisory support is an important predictor of work engagement for nurses. Implications for nursing management Nursing management should provide more training to nurse supervisors and develop nurse mentoring programmes to encourage more support to nurses. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.