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Brooks W.S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Vaughn M.E.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr | Berger G.L.,University of Arkansas | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 21 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2014

'Atlantic' (Reg. No. CV-354, PI 665041), a six-row, hulled winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) tested as VA06B-19 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in March 2011. Atlantic was derived from the cross VA97B-176/VA92-44-279 using a modified bulk-breeding method. It was evaluated in the Virginia Official Variety Trials from 2008 to 2013 in replicated tests at five to six locations. Atlantic's average grain yield (5349 kg ha-1) was higher than the check cultivars Wysor, Callao, and Price and similar to Thoroughbred. Average grain volume weight of Atlantic (60.8 kg hL-1) was similar to the check cultivar Price and higher than Thoroughbred, Callao, and Wysor. Head emergence of Atlantic is 7 d earlier than Thoroughbred (the predominant barley cultivar grown in Virginia and the eastern United States) and similar to that of Callao. Earlier maturity is a primary factor determining whether barley or wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is used in double-cropping systems with soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Grain of Atlantic had an average starch concentration (56.5%) that was higher than Callao, similar to Price, but lower than Thoroughbred. Atlantic provides barley producers and end users in the eastern United States with a widely adapted, early-maturing winter barley cultivar that has good grain quality and is highly resistant to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O. Speer f. sp. hordei Em. Marchal] based on its performance in state and uniform winter barley yield trials. © Crop Science Society of America. All rights reserved. Source


Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Thomason W.E.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Pitman R.M.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr | Paling J.J.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 27 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'Merl' (Reg. No. CV-1052, PI 658598) soft red winter (SRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), developed and tested as VA03W-412 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in March 2009. Merl was derived from the three-way cross 'Roane'/Pioneer variety 2643//'38158' (PI 619052). Merl is a broadly adapted, high-yielding, mid-season, moderately short, semidwarf (Rht2) cultivar having above-average straw strength and milling and pastry-baking qualities. Merl is resistant to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O. Speer] and moderately resistant to stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend.). In Virginia, Merl ranked among the top five cultivars for grain yield with a 3-yr (2007-2009) average of 5725 kg ha-1. Merl had a mean grain volume weight of 76.4 kg hL-1 across 22 environments, which was significantly (P < 0.05) higher (1.9-3.0 kg hL-1) than that of the other top-yielding cultivars. In USDA-ARS Uniform Eastern SRW Wheat Nursery trials conducted at 29 locations, Merl ranked sixth among 46 entries for grain yield (5917 kg ha-1) and seventh for grain volume weight (76.0 kg hL-1) in 2006 and ranked second among 45 entries for grain yield (5529 kg ha-1) and sixth for grain volume weight (75.7 kg hL-1) in 2008. Merl has a soft grain texture, flour softness equivalent values from 57.5 to 60.8 g 100 g-1, and straight-grade flour yields from 70.5 to 71.5 g kg-1. The flour protein concentration (7.5-8.7 g 100 g-1) and gluten strength, assessed via lactic acid solvent retention capacity (101-104 g 100 g-1), of Merl are lower than average. These quality attributes contribute to Merl's above-average pastry-baking quality (cookie-spread diameters of 17.93-18.93 cm). © Crop Science Society of America. Source


Hall M.D.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Rohrer-Perkins W.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Liu S.Y.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 22 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'Snowglenn' (Reg. No. CV-1054, PI 659070) winter durum wheat (Triticum turgidum subsp. durum) developed and tested as VA05WD-40 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station was released in March 2008. Snowglenn was derived from the three-way cross N1291-86/N1439-83//'Alidur'. Snowglenn is a full-season, medium-height, winter durum wheat having good winter hardiness, high grain volume weight, and moderate resistance to Fusarium head blight [caused by Fusarium graminearum (Schwabe)]. In Virginia, Snowglenn was the highest-yielding winter durum line tested in 2006 (5308 kg ha-1) and 2008 (4824 kg ha-1). Data from Austria indicates that Snowglenn is moderately susceptible to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC) E.O. Speer], leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.), and leaf blotch (caused by Septoria tritici Roberge in Desmaz.). Grain of Snowglenn has satisfactory quality for use in blends with traditional spring durum grain for pasta production. © Crop Science Society of America. Source


Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Thomason W.E.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Pitman R.M.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr | Gundrum P.G.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 28 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'SW049029104' (Reg. No. CV-1053, PI 658599) soft red winter (SRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was developed and released by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station in March 2009. SW049029104 was derived from the cross '38158' (PI 619052)/Pioneer variety 2552//'Roane' and was tested under the experimental number VA04W-90. SW049029104 is a broadly adapted, high-yielding, moderately short, semidwarf (Rht2) cultivar that is resistant to powdery mildew [caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O. Speer] and Fusarium head blight (caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe). In the 2009 USDA-ARS Uniform Southern SRW Wheat Nursery conducted at 25 locations, SW049029104 ranked first among 40 entries for grain yield (4889 kg ha-1) and fourth for grain volume weight (73.2 kg hL-1). The milling and baking qualities of SW049029104 exceeded those of 'USG 3555' and Pioneer brand 26R61. Flour softness and cookie-spread diameter of SW049029104 (61.5-64.8 g 100 g-1 and 18.39-18.48 cm) exceeded those of USG 3555 (57.9-61.1 g 100 g-1 and 18.09- 18.21 cm) and Pioneer brand 26R61 (54.5-61.1 g 100 g-1 and 18.12-18.13 cm). While flour protein concentration of SW049029104 (8.55-8.66 g 100 g-1) was lower than that of USG 3555 (8.88-9.10 g 100 g-1) and Pioneer brand 26R61 (9.65- 9.66 g 100 g-1), its gluten strength, assessed via lactic acid solvent retention capacity (124.7-129.7 g 100 g-1), exceeded that of USG 3555 (118.9-124.0 g 100 g-1) and Pioneer brand 26R61 (113.5-126.0 g 100 g-1). © Crop Science Society of America. Source


Brooks W.S.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Vaughn M.E.,Eastern Virginia Agriculture Res. and Ext. Ctr | Griffey C.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Thomason W.E.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 26 more authors.
Journal of Plant Registrations | Year: 2011

'Dan' (Reg. No. CV- 346, PI 659066), a six-rowed winter hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) that was developed and tested as VA03H-61 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in March 2009. Dan was derived from the cross VA96-41-17/SC872143. It was released for production in the eastern United States as a potential commodity for fuel ethanol, food, and feed production. In the Virginia Official State Variety Trial, the 3-yr (2007-2009) average grain yield (3564 kg ha-1) and average grain volume weight (78.3 kg hL-1) of Dan were higher than those of the hulless cultivars 'Eve' and 'Doyce'. Dan also had an average starch concentration (66.2%) that was higher than that of Doyce and Eve. Dan provides barley producers and end users in the eastern United States with a widely adapted, winter-hardy, hulless cultivar having superior grain quality and moderate resistance to Fusarium head blight (caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe). © Crop Science Society of America. Source

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