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Lipper L.,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO | Thornton P.,Kenya International Livestock Research Institute | Thornton P.,Copenhagen University | Campbell B.M.,Copenhagen University | And 23 more authors.
Nature Climate Change | Year: 2014

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an approach for transforming and reorienting agricultural systems to support food security under the new realities of climate change. Widespread changes in rainfall and temperature patterns threaten agricultural production and increase the vulnerability of people dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, which includes most of the world's poor. Climate change disrupts food markets, posing population-wide risks to food supply. Threats can be reduced by increasing the adaptive capacity of farmers as well as increasing resilience and resource use efficiency in agricultural production systems. CSA promotes coordinated actions by farmers, researchers, private sector, civil society and policymakers towards climate-resilient pathways through four main action areas: (1) building evidence; (2) increasing local institutional effectiveness; (3) fostering coherence between climate and agricultural policies; and (4) linking climate and agricultural financing. CSA differs from 'business-as-usual' approaches by emphasizing the capacity to implement flexible, context-specific solutions, supported by innovative policy and financing actions. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Huu Phong N.,King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi | Huu Phong N.,Northern Mountainous Agriculture and Forestry Science Institute | Pongnak W.,King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi | Soytong K.,King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi
Plant Protection Science | Year: 2016

An isolate of Fusarium denominated as NHP-Fusa-2 from tea wilt and root-rot diseased sample collected in Vietnam was identified as Fusarium oxysporum based on molecular analysis of translation elongation factor-1α sequence. Interestingly, it is the first time F. oxysporum is reported as a causal pathogen of wilt and root-rot disease of tea in Vietnam. Chaetomium spp. were investigated to control F. oxysporum NHP-Fusa-2 in in vitro test. Three antagonists (Ch. cupreum CC3003, Ch. globosum CG05, and Ch. lucknowense CL01) inhibited mycelial growth by 31.69–34.03% and reduced conidial production of the pathogen by 67.25–75.92% in the bi-culture antagonistic test after 30 days with non-significant difference in their effect. All the crude extracts of these antagonists significantly inhibited mycelial growth and conidial production of NHP-Fusa-2. MeOH extract of CC3003 was more effective in conidial inhibition of the pathogen than the others, the effective dose (ED50) was 85.30 μg/ml of which, it was hexane (49.32 μg/ml) and EtOAc extract (62.17 μg/ml) in the case of CG05 and CL01, respectively. © 2015, Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences. All rights reserved.

Ly N.-S.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Ly N.-S.,Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology | Le C.-K.,Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City | Trieu T.-D.,Northern Mountainous Agriculture and Forestry Science Institute | And 4 more authors.
Phytotaxa | Year: 2012

A new banana species, Musa haekkinenii, is described from northern Vietnam. It differs notably from a well-known ornamental species, M. coccinea, by inflorescence features and leaf blade shape and especially the habit, shape, size and color of the male bracts of the inflorescences and male bud shape. A mixed watercolor and ink plate is provided for the new taxon and an identification key to species of Musa sect. Callimusa is included, along with a note comparing the morphology of the seven Indo-Chinese species. © 2012 Magnolia Press.

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