Northern Ireland Regional Adult Cystic Fibrosis Center

Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Northern Ireland Regional Adult Cystic Fibrosis Center

Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
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Shteinberg M.,Northern Ireland Regional Adult Cystic Fibrosis Center | Shteinberg M.,Pulmonology and Center | Shteinberg M.,Queen's University of Belfast | Downey D.G.,Northern Ireland Regional Adult Cystic Fibrosis Center | And 8 more authors.
ERS Monograph | Year: 2017

Expression of p.Arg117His cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator is influenced by a polythymidine (poly-T) tract and a thymidine–guanine (TG) repeat on intron 9, which vary in length and affect exon 10 skipping. We compared clinical characteristics and the rate of progression of lung disease of CF patients carrying the p.Arg117His mutation with different intron 9 varying sequences (poly-T) and mutation classes in trans. Data were collected from patients in Northern Ireland, UK, including diagnostic features, sweat chloride, nutritional status, sputum microbiology, CF-related complications and lung function. Poly-T and TG repeats were determined by PCR. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) decline was determined from linear regression of FEV1 measurements of patients over time. We identified 62 patients with p.Arg117His, 55 with a class I/II mutation in trans and six with p.Arg117His/p.Gly551Asp. 42 patients had 5T and 13 had 7T. All patients had 12 TG repeats. Patients with p.Arg117His-5T had greater lung function decline, sweat chloride concentrations, pancreatic insufficiency and prevalence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection compared with patients with p.Arg117His-7T. Lung function decline and disease severity in p.Arg117His is determined by the poly-T tract length and identity of the mutation in trans. Patients with p.Arg117His-5T and a second class I/II mutation have a severity similar to p.Phe508del homozygous patients, although lung function decline is delayed to an older age. There may be linkage disequilibrium between p.Arg117His and 12 TG repeats. © ERS 2017.


Quittner A.L.,University of Miami | Abbott J.,University of Central Lancashire | Georgiopoulos A.M.,Massachusetts General Hospital | Georgiopoulos A.M.,Harvard University | And 19 more authors.
Thorax | Year: 2016

Studies measuring psychological distress in individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) have found high rates of both depression and anxiety. Psychological symptoms in both individuals with CF and parent caregivers have been associated with decreased lung function, lower body mass index, worse adherence, worse health-related quality of life, more frequent hospitalisations and increased healthcare costs. To identify and treat depression and anxiety in CF, the CF Foundation and the European CF Society invited a panel of experts, including physicians, psychologists, psychiatrists, nurses, social workers, a pharmacist, parents and an individual with CF, to develop consensus recommendations for clinical care. Over 18 months, this 22-member committee was divided into four workgroups: Screening; Psychological Interventions; Pharmacological Treatments and Implementation and Future Research, and used the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome methodology to develop questions for literature search and review. Searches were conducted in PubMed, PsychINFO, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, Psychiatry online and ABDATA by a methodologist at Dartmouth. The committee reviewed 344 articles, drafted statements and set an 80% acceptance for each recommendation statement as a consensus threshold prior to an anonymous voting process. Fifteen guideline recommendation statements for screening and treatment of depression and anxiety in individuals with CF and parent caregivers were finalised by vote. As these recommendations are implemented in CF centres internationally, the process of dissemination, implementation and resource provision should be closely monitored to assess barriers and concerns, validity and use. © 2016, BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

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