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Saint Petersburg, Russia

Fridman K.B.,North West Public Health Research Center
Human Ecology | Year: 2012

In the article, a work algorithm for studying transport pollution and its effects on population health has been given and grounded, taking into account the hygienic technologies in action in Russia: the social- and- hygienic monitoring and health risk assessment method; a possibility of choosing traffic flow organization based on hygienic safety has been reasoned. Source


Mal'kova N.Yu.,North West Public Health Research Center | Popov A.V.,North West Public Health Research Center
Human Ecology | Year: 2012

In 1982-2001 physical load-related diseases contributed 49.4 % to occupational morbidity in Saint-Petersburg. In the study of 553 blue-collar worker jobs, 56.1 % were found to be connected with physical overloads. It makes the problem of health protection of workers occupationally exposed to unfavorable effects, including muscle strain and overstrain, particularly topical. The object of the study was the working conditions assessment in heavy physical load jobs. Working conditions of plasterers, sinkers, mechanical assemblers, assemblers of metal vessel hulls were studied. Working process severity was shown to be the major common factor for all those jobs. Source


Mal'Kova N.Yu.,North West Public Health Research Center | Popov A.V.,North West Public Health Research Center | Ushkova I.N.,North West Public Health Research Center
Human Ecology | Year: 2012

Occupational diseases develop while working in unfavorable working conditions, such as whole-body and local physical load, whole-body and local vibration, and cold, etc. The aim of the study was to examine the state of the upper extremities musculoskeletal system under occupational exposure to heavy physical loads and hand vibration. Working conditions of 89 plasterers, taking into account adverse effects, corresponded to: 3-rd class, 2-nd degree, harmful heavy work of the 2-nd degree; working conditions of 87 sinkers, 102 mechanical assemblers, 84 assemblers of metal vessel hulls corresponded to the 3-rd class, the 3-rd degree, harmful heavy work of the 3-rd degree. Numerous complaints of hands pain, surgeon objective examination findings, disturbances of muscle strength, the upper extremities microcirculation, creatine phosphokinase activity allowed to diagnose I-II degree miofibrosis in the examined groups. Miofibrosis was combined with vibration disease of the I-II degree in those who worked with vibration instruments. Source

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