North West Public Health Research Center

Saint Petersburg, Russia

North West Public Health Research Center

Saint Petersburg, Russia
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Zaritskaya E.V.,North West Public Health Research Center | Polozova E.V.,North State Medical University | Shilov V.V.,North State Medical University | Bogacheva A.S.,North State Medical University
Human Ecology | Year: 2017

Alternative toxicological methods used in Russia to assess safety of food and non-food products have been reviewed. Along with traditional toxicological methods of monitoring various alternative toxicological study techniques are used to assess product safety. Those are methods using biological test-objects, so-called biological test methods, or in vitro methods which are allowed to be used from the legislative viewpoint. Alternative toxicological methods are based on risk degree assessment of the studied object by response of living organisms (test-objects) to adverse factor exposure. Information resulting from applied bio-testing methods represents combined toxic effect of all toxicants present in the given medium and their simultaneous presence. When assessing product safety by toxicological indices using alternative biological models, general toxic and irritating effects are to be studied and the test-objects are cattle semen, luminescent bacteria, chick egg chorioallantoic membrane, human and animal cell cultures and isolated organs. In vitro methods with cattle semen and luminescent bacteria playing the role of test-objects are also used to assess alcohol product toxicity, in particular spirits and vodkas. Thus, alternative study methods are widely known and commonly used in practice to prove safety of consumer goods and alcohol-containing foodstuffs. © 2017 Zaritskaya E. V., Polozova E. V., Shilov V. V., Bogacheva A. S.


Talykova L.V.,North West Public Health Research Center | Gushchin I.V.,North West Public Health Research Center
Human Ecology (Russian Federation) | Year: 2017

Results of a risk assessment of the development of the musculoskeletal system (MSS) pathonomia in workers of main professions of underground mine are presented in article. These results are based on the analysis of routine health screening of 289 representatives of the mentioned group in 2010. It has been stated that risk magnitude of MSS pathology development and its diversity in different professional groups could not be explained by age changes of MSS condition. At the same time similar risk values in the development of musculoskeletal system pathology in drillers and miners professions are opposite to considerable differences in data of annual detection of MSS professional pathology. It has been stated on the basis of the analysis of 132 cases of professional diseases of the specified class. Considering the peculiarities of carrying out an expert assessment of a disease relation with a profession, it is necessary to recognize that the quality of working conditions assessment fails to their actual parameters, in case of the conducted researches - load of labor process, and as a result, excludes the opportunity to connect the revealed violations of MSS with professional influence.


Fridman K.B.,North West Public Health Research Center
Human Ecology | Year: 2012

In the article, a work algorithm for studying transport pollution and its effects on population health has been given and grounded, taking into account the hygienic technologies in action in Russia: the social- and- hygienic monitoring and health risk assessment method; a possibility of choosing traffic flow organization based on hygienic safety has been reasoned.


Ikonnikova N.V.,North West Public Health Research Center | Frolova N.M.,North West Public Health Research Center | Nikanov A.N.,North West Public Health Research Center | Boiko I.V.,Saint Petersburg State University | And 2 more authors.
Human Ecology | Year: 2016

Working conditions and morbidity among major occupational groups of a gas-transport company situated in the KOMI Republic of the Far North region of the Russian Federation have been analyzed. Prevalence of diseases in the primary morbidity structure is as follows: respiratory diseases (20.0 %), circulation diseases (14.5 %), musculoskeletal diseases (12.5 %), gastrointestinal diseases (9.6 %). Morbidity structure according to the number of temporary disability cases is different: respiratory (42.7 %), musculoskeletal (17.3 %), circulation (7.4 %), and gastrointestinal diseases (4.3 %). Morbidity among the gas-transport company workers was found to be higher than throughout the entire Komi adult population and among similar plant workers in the southern regions. Such evidence might be caused by the unfavorable effects of severe climate and by the specific character of the medical service at the northern gas-transport plant that registers diseases among workers more thoroughly. The increased cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and musculoskeletal disease incidence is observed among the gas-transport company workers exposed to noise and hot microclimate. The unfavorable effect of the mentioned adverse occupational agents is potentiated by smoking and irrational nutrition habits. Morbidity among the administrative officers of the gas-transport company is less than among the workers and engineer personnel exposed to harmful working conditions. The latter fact might result from the lowest harmful occupational exposure of the administrative staff and their most consistent participation in health improvement programs at industry-sponsored health care institutions. © Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk.


Mal'Kova N.Yu.,North West Public Health Research Center | Popov A.V.,North West Public Health Research Center | Ushkova I.N.,North West Public Health Research Center
Human Ecology | Year: 2012

Occupational diseases develop while working in unfavorable working conditions, such as whole-body and local physical load, whole-body and local vibration, and cold, etc. The aim of the study was to examine the state of the upper extremities musculoskeletal system under occupational exposure to heavy physical loads and hand vibration. Working conditions of 89 plasterers, taking into account adverse effects, corresponded to: 3-rd class, 2-nd degree, harmful heavy work of the 2-nd degree; working conditions of 87 sinkers, 102 mechanical assemblers, 84 assemblers of metal vessel hulls corresponded to the 3-rd class, the 3-rd degree, harmful heavy work of the 3-rd degree. Numerous complaints of hands pain, surgeon objective examination findings, disturbances of muscle strength, the upper extremities microcirculation, creatine phosphokinase activity allowed to diagnose I-II degree miofibrosis in the examined groups. Miofibrosis was combined with vibration disease of the I-II degree in those who worked with vibration instruments.


Mal'kova N.Yu.,North West Public Health Research Center | Popov A.V.,North West Public Health Research Center
Human Ecology | Year: 2012

In 1982-2001 physical load-related diseases contributed 49.4 % to occupational morbidity in Saint-Petersburg. In the study of 553 blue-collar worker jobs, 56.1 % were found to be connected with physical overloads. It makes the problem of health protection of workers occupationally exposed to unfavorable effects, including muscle strain and overstrain, particularly topical. The object of the study was the working conditions assessment in heavy physical load jobs. Working conditions of plasterers, sinkers, mechanical assemblers, assemblers of metal vessel hulls were studied. Working process severity was shown to be the major common factor for all those jobs.

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