Taiyuan, China

North University of China

Taiyuan, China

North University of China is a university based in Taiyuan, Shanxi province, China,which was once called North China Institute of Technology . It was formerly known as Taihang Industrial School,which was founded in September 8, 1941, and renamed Taiyuan Institute of Machinery in 1958. School played an important role in the improvement of the quality of our manpower and weaponry of PLA during the War of Resistance against Japan and the War of Liberation. In 2001, Bo Yibo wrote an inscription "The first school for people's ordnance " at the 60 years' celebration of North China Institute of technology. Wikipedia.

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The present disclosure relates to the technical field of deep hole machining, particularly to a rear-mounted deep hole machining on-line detection and deviating correction device, which provide solution to the difficulty in observing the machining site and correcting the cutter deviation in deep hole machining. The device comprises a cutter bar provided with a plurality of iron blocks mounted uniformly in a circumferential direction, wherein each of the iron blocks is provided with a heating device in the interior thereof and a wear-resistant block mounted on the top thereof, wherein mounted on an end face of the other end of the cutter bar is a pyramid prism, wherein a laser transmitter and a photosensitive sensor are mounted in a height corresponding to the height range of the pyramid prism, wherein the incident beam emitted by the laser transmitter is oriented by a laser orientating block. The advantages of the disclosure lie in that the information of the position the deep hole cutter during deep hole machining process and whether the deep hole is skewed or not can be obtained in time, thereby facilitating a solution to the difficulty in detecting the workpiece deep hole straightness and on-line deviating correction, improving the position accuracy such as straightness of the deep hole and reducing the rejection rate of the workpiece.

BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus self-testing (HIVST) holds great promise for reaching high-risk key populations who do not access facility-based services. We sought to characterize unsupervised HIVST implementation among men who have sex with men in China. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide online survey in China. Eligible men were at least 16 years, had anal sex with a man, and had recent condomless sex. We assessed benefits (first-time testing, increased testing frequency, confirmatory testing) and potential harms (coercion, violence, suicidality) of HIVST. Among men who have sex with men who reported ever testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), we identified correlates of HIVST as first-time HIV test being a self-test using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Among 1610 men who met the eligibility criteria and started the survey, 1189 (74%) completed it. Three hundred forty-one (29%) of 1189 reported ever self-testing for HIV. Human immunodeficiency virus prevalence was 7% (24/341) among self-testers and 5% (15/306) among non–self-testers. Two hundred (59%) of 341 men who self-tested reported HIVST as a first-time HIV test. Thirty-one (9%) men experienced coercion with HIVST. Thirty-one (78%) of 40 men with positive HIV self-tests sought confirmation. Multivariable analysis revealed that HIVST as first-time HIV test was associated with younger age (odds ratio [OR], 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92–0.99), not being “out” (OR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.60–3.28), not using the internet to meet sex partners (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.22–0.69), and group sex (OR, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.02–2.9). CONCLUSIONS: Human immunodeficiency virus self-testing reached high-risk individuals that had never received facility-based testing. Further implementation research is needed to better understand HIVST outside of research programs. © Copyright 2017 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association

Du Y.,CAS Institute of Automation | Du Y.,North University of China | Fan Y.,CAS Institute of Automation
NeuroImage | Year: 2013

Group independent component analysis (ICA) has been widely applied to studies of multi-subject fMRI data for computing subject specific independent components with correspondence across subjects. However, the independence of subject specific independent components (ICs) derived from group ICA has not been explicitly optimized in existing group ICA methods. In order to preserve independence of ICs at the subject level and simultaneously establish correspondence of ICs across subjects, we present a new framework for obtaining subject specific ICs, which we coined group-information guided ICA (GIG-ICA). In this framework, group information captured by standard ICA on the group level is exploited as guidance to compute individual subject specific ICs using a multi-objective optimization strategy. Specifically, we propose a framework with two stages: at first, group ICs (GICs) are obtained using standard group ICA tools, and then the GICs are used as references in a new one-unit ICA with spatial reference (ICA-R) using a multi-objective optimization solver. Comparison experiments with back-reconstruction (GICA1 and GICA3) and dual regression on simulated and real fMRI data have demonstrated that GIG-ICA is able to obtain subject specific ICs with stronger independence and better spatial correspondence across different subjects in addition to higher spatial and temporal accuracy. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Zhang J.,North University of China
PloS one | Year: 2011

Human rabies is one of the major public-health problems in China. The number of human rabies cases has increased dramatically in the last 15 years, partially due to the poor understanding of the transmission dynamics of rabies and the lack of effective control measures of the disease. In this article, in order to explore effective control and prevention measures we propose a deterministic model to study the transmission dynamics of rabies in China. The model consists of susceptible, exposed, infectious, and recovered subpopulations of both dogs and humans and describes the spread of rabies among dogs and from infectious dogs to humans. The model simulations agree with the human rabies data reported by the Chinese Ministry of Health. We estimate that the basic reproduction number [Formula: see text] for the rabies transmission in China and predict that the number of the human rabies is decreasing but may reach another peak around 2030. We also perform some sensitivity analysis of [Formula: see text] in terms of the model parameters and compare the effects of culling and immunization of dogs. Our study demonstrates that (i) reducing dog birth rate and increasing dog immunization coverage rate are the most effective methods for controlling rabies in China; and (ii) large scale culling of susceptible dogs can be replaced by immunization of them.

Sun G.-Q.,North University of China
Nonlinear Dynamics | Year: 2012

One subject of spatial epidemiology is spatial variation in disease risk or incidence. The spread of epidemics can result in strong spatial patterns of such risk or incidence: for example, pathogen dispersal might be highly localized, vectors or reservoirs for pathogens might be spatially restricted, or susceptible hosts might be clumped. Here, spatial pattern of an epidemic model with nonlinear incidence rates is investigated. The conditions for Hopf bifurcation and Turing bifurcation are gained and, in particular, exact Turing domain is found in the two parameters space. Furthermore, numerical results show that force of infection, namely β, plays an important role in the spatial pattern.More specifically, different patterns emerge as β increases. The mathematical analysis and numerical results well extend the finding of pattern formation in the epidemic models and may well explain the field observed in some areas. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.

Zhao Z.,North University of China
Journal of Medical Systems | Year: 2014

With the development of wireless networks and medical sensors, wireless body area networks are playing more and more important role in the field of healthcare service. The data transmitted in WBANs is very sensitive since it will be used in clinical diagnoses or measurements. Therefore, security and privacy of communication in WBANs derive increasing attentions from the academia and industry. In this paper, we propose an identity (ID)-based efficient anonymous authentication scheme for WBANs using elliptic curve cryptosystem (ECC). Due to the ID-based concept, there is no certificate is needed in the proposed scheme. Moreover, the proposed scheme not only provides mutual authentication between the client and the application provider but also provides client anonymity. Performance analysis shows that improvements of 50.58 % and 3.87 % in the client side and the application provider side separately. Then the proposed scheme is more suitable for WBANs. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

North University of China | Date: 2012-01-10

A speckle reduction apparatus (300) based on Mie scattering and perturbation drive is disclosed. The speckle reduction apparatus (300) comprises an optical reflective chamber (302) having an incident-light coupling device (301) and an exiting face (303) disposed thereon, and an optical device (308) which faces the incident-light coupling device (301) of the optical reflective chamber (302). The inner walls of the optical reflective chamber (302), except for the wall of light transparent exiting face (303), are mirror surfaces. The optical reflective chamber (302) is fully filled with transparent material (401) having medium particles (402) dispersed therein, which are able to induce Mie scattering of the incident laser. Either or both of the optical reflective chamber (302) and the optical device (308) are provided with a perturbation-sensitive device. The present invention may be implemented with reasonable and compact structure, achieving the following effects: low cost, effective speckle reduction, high laser efficiency, stability, safety, and uniform light intensity.

North University of China | Date: 2011-03-11

The invention discloses a silicon-based monolithic integrated sonar array which includes a cantilevered sensing array structure, a sound-transparent jacket, and a support structure. The cantilevered sensing array structure is fixed on the support structure and in the sound-transparent jacket, wherein the sound-transparent jacket is filled with insulating dielectric oil, and the cantilevered sensing array structure is immersed in the insulating dielectric oil. The sound-transparent jacket is sealed and is treated with water tightness processing. The array can be applied, into devices for underwater ultrasonic imaging, ultrasonic ranging, torpedo navigating, etc.

A reinforced magnesium matrix composite includes a quasicrystal and alumina mixture particles reinforcement phase and a magnesium alloy matrix, where the weight ratio of the quasicrystal and alumina mixture particles reinforcement phase to the magnesium alloy matrix is (4-8) to 100; the magnesium alloy matrix including by weight 1000 parts of magnesium, 90 parts of aluminum, 10 parts of zinc, 1.5-5 parts of manganese, 0.5-1 part of silicon and 0.1-0.5 part of calcium; the quasicrystal and alumina mixture particles reinforcement phase including by weight 40 parts of magnesium, 50-60 parts of zinc, 5-10 parts of yttrium and 8-20 parts of nanometer alumina particles of which the diameter is 20-30 nm; and the quasicrystal and alumina mixture particles reinforcement phase having a size of 100-200 mesh.

The present invention relates to a method for preparing an aluminum-copper-iron quasicrystal and silicon carbide mixed reinforced aluminum matrix composite, where the aluminum-copper-iron quasicrystal and silicon carbide mixed reinforced aluminum matrix composite is prepared with an aluminum alloy serving as a matrix and with aluminum-copper-iron quasicrystal and silicon carbide serving as reinforcement agents via smelting in an intermediate-frequency induction melting furnace through the process of intermediate-frequency induction heating, vacuumizing, bottom blowing argon, and casting molding in view of low hardness and low tensile strength of aluminum matrix materials. The prepared aluminum-copper-iron quasicrystal and silicon carbide mixed reinforced aluminum matrix composite has a hardness of 80.3 HB which is improved by 50.64% and tensile strength of 285 Mpa which is improved by 60.42%, and corrosion resistance thereof is improved by 40%.

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