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Fargo, ND, United States

North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied science, more commonly known as North Dakota State University , is a public university in Fargo, in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of fall 2014, NDSU has 14,747 students and sits on a 258 acre campus. The institution was founded as North Dakota Agricultural College in 1890 as a land-grant institution. The university operates several agricultural research extension centers spread over 18,488 acres . NDSU is part of the North Dakota University System.NDSU offers 102 undergraduate majors, 170 undergraduate degree programs, 6 undergraduate certificate programs, 79 undergraduate minors, 81 master’s degree programs, 47 doctoral degree programs of study and 10 graduate certificate programs.NDSU is a comprehensive doctoral research university with programs involved in high research activity. NDSU uses a semester system – Fall and Spring with two summer sessions. The majority of students are full-time with 55% male and 45% female. Wikipedia.

Troop-Gordon W.,North Dakota State University
Child Development Perspectives | Year: 2015

Until recently, teachers have been largely overlooked in studies of peer victimization. Teachers are in a unique position to understand the peer dynamics of children's victimization, cultivate a classroom environment that fosters positive interpersonal relationships, and intervene directly to prevent continued victimization and corresponding risk to children's emotional and school adjustment. In this article, I synthesize research on how teachers can influence peer victimization processes and outcomes. This review is organized around: (a) characteristics of teachers, (b) teachers' interactions and relationship with children experiencing peer victimization, (c) teachers' interactions and relationship with children perpetrating aggression, (d) teachers' management of the relationship between the children involved in the victimization, and (e) teachers' influences on the peer social ecology of the classroom. I conclude with implications for teacher training and suggestions for research. © 2015 The Society for Research in Child Development.

Burghaus U.,North Dakota State University
Progress in Surface Science | Year: 2014

Carbon dioxide chemistry has attracted significant interest in recent years. Although the field is diverse, a current and more comprehensive review of the surface science literature may be of interest for a variety of communities since environmental chemistry, energy technology, materials science, catalysis, and nanocatalysis are certainly affected by gas-surface properties. The review describes surface phenomena and characterization strategies highlighting similarities and differences, instead of providing only a list of system-specific information. The various systems are roughly distinguished as those that clearly form carbonates and those that merely physisorb CO 2 at ultra-high vacuum conditions. Nevertheless, extended sections about specific systems including rarely studied surfaces and unusual materials are included, making this review also useful as a reference. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Sibi M.P.,North Dakota State University | Landais Y.,CNRS Institute of Molecular Sciences
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2013

Totally rad: Synthetic methods have been developed for the formation of Csp3-F bonds by reaction of C-centered radicals with fluorine sources. Three complementary strategies, which differ in the mode of generation of the alkyl radical intermediate, are described. These include olefin hydrofluorination, decarboxylative fluorination, and aliphatic C-H fluorination. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Theoretical models of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI; i.e., purposeful destruction of body tissue without suicidal intent) suggest that individuals engage in NSSI in order to regulate negative affect (NA). One limitation of the current research is that most studies using pain as a proxy of NSSI have failed to include a nonpainful stimuli control group. This study attempted to address this limitation by comparing the emotional response to painful (vs. nonpainful) heat stimulation in individuals with a history of NSSI (vs. no history of NSSI) following a negative mood induction. It was predicted that among individuals with a history of NSSI, pain would lead to larger reductions in NA than warm stimulation. Furthermore, it was predicted that this reduction would be larger than that of controls regardless of condition. The hypotheses received partial support, such that pain led to greater reductions in negative affect for individuals with a history of NSSI, but not compared to controls. Future research directions are discussed.

Reynolds L.P.,North Dakota State University
Journal of animal science | Year: 2010

Developmental programming refers to the programming of various bodily systems and processes by a stressor of the maternal system during pregnancy or during the neonatal period. Such stressors include nutritional stress, multiple pregnancy (i.e., increased numbers of fetuses in the gravid uterus), environmental stress (e.g., high environmental temperature, high altitude, prenatal steroid exposure), gynecological immaturity, and maternal or fetal genotype. Programming refers to impaired function of numerous bodily systems or processes, leading to poor growth, altered body composition, metabolic dysfunction, and poor productivity (e.g., poor growth, reproductive dysfunction) of the offspring throughout their lifespan and even across generations. A key component of developmental programming seems to be placental dysfunction, leading to altered fetal growth and development. We discuss various large animal models of developmental programming and how they have and will continue to contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms underlying altered placental function and developmental programming, and, further, how large animal models also will be critical to the identification and application of therapeutic strategies that will alleviate the negative consequences of developmental programming to improve offspring performance in livestock production and human medicine.

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