North Central Region
North Central Region
Brazeal J.L.,University of California at Davis |
Weist T.,North Central Region |
Sacks B.N.,University of California at Davis
Journal of Wildlife Management | Year: 2017
Informed management of wildlife populations requires the accurate estimation of abundance, sex ratio, and other population parameters. For deer (Odocoileus spp.), the use of closed-population, capture-recapture (CR) methods, in conjunction with noninvasive DNA sampling, has become increasingly practical, but, up to now, these methods have been used in a non-spatial modeling framework, which has limited their utility for population-level inferences. In particular, extrapolation of plot-level CR abundance estimates to the population required the use of multipliers of unknown reliability and potential bias. Spatially explicit capture-recapture (SCR) models provide an integrated framework for directly estimating density as a function of spatial and habitat variables at landscape scales. We used fecal DNA samples in conjunction with SCR to estimate density, sex ratio, and habitat correlates to density for a mule deer (O. hemionus) population across a large (∼500 km2) area in the central Sierra Nevada Range, California, USA during 2013 and 2014. We surveyed 24 random transects within 4 30-km2 sites representative of the study area. Based on 411 samples genotyped at a sex marker and 8–10 microsatellite loci, the sex-ratio for the study area was 62 (95% CI = 41–93) males/100 females in 2013 and 65 (95% CI = 45–94) males/100 females in 2014. Using SCR, we estimated density at 5.0 (95% CI = 2.3–7.8) deer/km2 in 2013 and 5.1 (95% CI = 3.1–7.2) deer/km2 in 2014. In comparison, non-spatial CR analysis produced density estimates on average 60% higher, likely reflecting bias resulting from use of the commonly employed mean maximum recapture distance (MMRD) to estimate effective sampling area. The SCR models indicated that density was effectively homogeneous throughout the study area, with no strong relationship to habitat correlates. Altogether, these results demonstrate the utility of noninvasive fecal DNA methods in a SCR framework for estimation of abundance and density in deer populations at landscape scales. © 2017 The Wildlife Society. © The Wildlife Society, 2017
Scoppettone G.G.,U.S. Geological Survey |
Rissler P.H.,U.S. Geological Survey |
Shea S.P.,U.S. Geological Survey |
Somer W.,North Central Region
North American Journal of Fisheries Management | Year: 2012
Independence Lake (Nevada and Sierra counties, California) harbors the only extant native population of Lahontan cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii henshawi in the Truckee River system and one of two extant adfluvial populations in the Lahontan basin. The persistence of this population has been precarious for more than 50 years, with spawning runs consisting of only 30–150 fish. It is assumed that this population was much larger prior to the introduction of nonnative brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis. Brook trout overlap with cutthroat trout in upper Independence Creek, where the cutthroat trout spawn and their resulting progeny emigrate to Independence Lake. In 2005, we began removing brook trout from upper Independence Creek using electrofishers and monitored the cutthroat trout population. Stomach analysis of captured brook trout revealed cutthroat trout fry, and cutthroat trout fry survival increased significantly from 4% to 12% with brook trout removal. Prior to brook trout removal, the only Lahontan cutthroat trout progeny emigrating to Independence Lake were fry; with brook trout removal, juveniles were found entering the lake. In 2010, 237 potential spawners passed a prefabricated weir upstream of Independence Lake. Although the results of this study suggest that brook trout removal from upper Independence Creek has had a positive influence on the population dynamics of Independence Lake Lahontan cutthroat trout, additional years of removal are needed to assess the ultimate effect this action will have upon the cutthroat trout population. © 2012 American Fisheries Society.
Stewart J.A.E.,University of California at Santa Cruz |
Perrine J.D.,California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo |
Nichols L.B.,Santa Monica College |
Thorne J.H.,University of California at Davis |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Biogeography | Year: 2015
Aim: The American pika (Ochotona princeps) appears to have experienced climate-mediated upslope range contraction in the Great Basin of North America, but this result has not yet been extended to other portions of the pika's range. Our goals were: first, to determine the environmental parameters that most influence current pika distribution within California; second, to infer whether these constraints explain extirpations that have occurred in California; third, to predict future extirpations; and fourth, to advance methods for assessing the degree to which pikas and other climate-sensitive mammals are threatened by climate change. Location: Historical pika record locations in California, USA, spanning four degrees of latitude and longitude, from Mount Shasta to the southern Sierra Nevada. Methods: We identified 67 precise historical pika record locations and surveyed them exhaustively, over multiple years, to determine whether pika populations persist at those sites. We used an information theoretic approach and logistic regression to model current pika occupancy as a function of 16 environmental variables, tested our best-performing model as a predictor of historical occupancy, and then used our model to predict future pika occupancy given anticipated climate change. Results: Pikas no longer occurred at 10 of 67 (15%) historical sites in California. The best predictors of occupancy were average summer temperature and talus habitat area within a 1-km radius. A logistic model fitted to this relationship correctly predicted current occupancy at 94% of sites and correctly hindcasted past occupancy at 93% of sites, suggesting that the model has strong temporal transferability. Depending on the future climate scenario, our model projects that by 2070 pikas will be extirpated from 39% to 88% of these historical sites in California. Main conclusions: Our simple species distribution model for pikas performs remarkably well for both current and historical periods. Pika distribution appears to be governed primarily by behavioural restrictions mediated by summer temperature and by the configuration of talus habitat available to pikas locally. Pikas, and other montane species in the western USA, may be subjected to above-average exposure to climate change because summer temperature is projected to rise more than annual temperature. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Perales K.M.,University of California at Davis |
Rowan J.,North Central Region |
Moyle P.B.,University of California at Davis
North American Journal of Fisheries Management | Year: 2015
Natural reproduction of adfluvial Chinook Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha has been documented in their native and introduced range but not in California, the southern end of their native range. A combination of anecdotal evidence and survey data suggests that successful spawning by Chinook Salmon reared in California reservoirs could be common. The planted juveniles are often from different basins and are genetically distinguishable from local salmon populations below reservoirs. Consequently, the possibility of behavioral and genetic interactions may lead to complications of restoration efforts via trap and haul programs. The full extent of this phenomenon needs to be documented before trap and haul programs are initiated to reintroduce salmon above reservoirs. © 2015, © American Fisheries Society 2015.
News Article | February 24, 2017
CHICAGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Straightforward wireless plans that eliminate the confusion of hidden fees are now available. U.S. Cellular® has introduced new Total Plans with No Hidden Fees – no activation fees, no monthly device connection charges, no phone upgrade fees and no data overage fees. And because you can’t get more straightforward than unlimited, consumers and small businesses can now get unlimited data with U.S. Cellular for as low as $40 per line for 4 lines or just $60 per month for a single line with autopay/paperless billing enrollment. “We want to be forthright with customers by knocking out hidden fees once and for all and showing wireless users exactly what they are paying for. Our new plans allow families and small businesses to customize their plans for each individual’s needs, from 2GB of data to unlimited, all with simplified pricing and discounts,” said Grant Leech, vice president of brand management at U.S. Cellular. “We also know that in order to deliver a great wireless experience, we need to have a reliable network that keeps up with the data demands of our customers, so we provide a fast 4G LTE network that works when and where our customers need it.” U.S. Cellular’s new Total Plans with No Hidden Fees include unlimited talk and text with buckets of 2GB, 6GB and unlimited data, and they include family discounts that reward customers when they add additional lines. The data is not shared, so customers can pick the right data amounts for each person on the account. There are no data overage fees, so customers can feel confident that their wireless usage charges will be the same every month. U.S. Cellular’s unlimited offering includes video streaming, hot-spot capability and free calling to Mexico and Canada. These plans are available to new and current customers, and those purchasing new devices can take advantage of the monthly payment option that best meets their needs – from 20, 24 or 30 months. U.S. Cellular’s New Total Plans with No Hidden Fees: Taxes and charges such as USF and RCRF apply. *Auto Pay/Paperless Billing required. Unlimited data plans will stream at standard definition speeds and will automatically shift to 2G when each line reaches 22GB. 2GB and 6GB data plans will stream at high definition speeds and will automatically shift to 2G when each line reaches the plans high-speed allotment. Things we want you to know: Total Plan and Retail Installment Contract for Smartphone and basic phone purchases or Customer Service Agreement with a 2-yr. initial term (subject to a pro-rated $150 early termination fee for modems and hotspot devices and a $350 early termination fee for Tablets) required. Credit approval also required. A Regulatory Cost Recovery Fee (currently $2.02) applies; this is not a tax or gvmt. required charge. Additional charges, taxes, terms, conditions and coverage areas may apply and vary by plan, service and phone. Offers valid at participating locations only and cannot be combined. Kansas Customers: In areas in which U.S. Cellular receives support from the Federal Universal Service Fund, all reasonable requests for service must be met. Unresolved questions concerning services availability can be directed to the Kansas Corporation Commission Office of Public Affairs and Consumer Protection at 1-800-662-0027. Limited time offer. Trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective owners. 4G LTE service may be provided through King Street Wireless, a partner of U.S. Cellular. LTE is a trademark of ETSI. See uscellular.com or Associate for details. ©2017 U.S. Cellular King Street Wireless, L.P. is partnering with U.S. Cellular to deliver high-speed 4G LTE service to U.S. Cellular's customers in most of its markets. Headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia, King Street Wireless holds 700 MHz wireless spectrum in 27 states. King Street is a recognized leader in its community through its economic development and philanthropic efforts. To learn more about King Street Wireless, visit www.kingstreetwireless.com. U.S. Cellular is the fifth-largest full-service wireless carrier in the United States, providing national network coverage and industry-leading innovations designed to elevate the customer experience. The Chicago-based carrier offers coverage where the other carriers don't and a wide range of communication services that enhance consumers’ lives, increase the competitiveness of local businesses and improve the efficiency of government operations. U.S. Cellular has the Highest Wireless Network Quality Performance in the North Central Region, according to the J.D. Power 2016 U.S. Wireless Network Quality Performance Study, and 99 percent of customers have access to 4G LTE speeds. To learn more about U.S. Cellular, visit one of its retail stores or uscellular.com. To get the latest news, promos and videos, connect with U.S. Cellular on Facebook.com/uscellular, Twitter.com/uscellular and YouTube.com/uscellularcorp.
News Article | December 16, 2016
U.S. Cellular (NYSE: USM) and Ericsson (NASDAQ: ERIC) have successfully completed joint testing of 5G in Madison, Wisconsin, achieving peak throughput of 9Gbps to bring this next-generation network technology one step closer to deployment in North America. Building on a track record of innovation in 5G technology, this trial showcased Ericsson's strength in 5G and serves as an opportunity for further planning to bring 5G services to market. Ericsson installed 5G radios on a tower currently in commercial service by U.S. Cellular. Using 15 GHz spectrum through an experimental license from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and run under varying environmental conditions to simulate real world use, the tests evaluated a number of new radio access (NX) carrier combinations to verify their benefits to network throughput and performance. The trials achieved peak throughput of 1.5Gbps at a distance of one mile and 9Gbps at a distance of 787 ft. Also tested were radio resource sharing, beamforming, beam tracking, peak throughput and multi-user MIMO, among other measures of radio performance. Michael S. Irizarry, Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, U.S. Cellular, says: "This latest trial with Ericsson demonstrates incredible 9Gbps speeds in an environment that was close to a real world scenario, and we look forward to collaborating with Ericsson on the development of standards for a healthy 5G ecosystem. We are committed to giving our customers the best experience with the latest technology that can enhance their lives or businesses, and a fast, high-quality network that works whenever and wherever they need it." Rima Qureshi, Head of Region North America, Ericsson, says: "Today marks another important step in our collaboration with U.S. Cellular to bring 5G technology to market in North America. With high speeds and ultra-low latency, 5G promises to significantly enhance end user experience and open new business potential for enterprises and our society. We are pleased to work with U.S. Cellular in their efforts to bring the most advanced networks to the customers and businesses they serve, and these tests prove our capabilities in making 5G a near-future reality." About U.S. Cellular U.S. Cellular is the fifth-largest full-service wireless carrier in the United States, providing national network coverage and industry-leading innovations designed to elevate the customer experience. The Chicago-based carrier offers coverage where the other carriers don't and a wide range of communication services that enhance consumers' lives, increase the competitiveness of local businesses and improve the efficiency of government operations. U.S. Cellular has the Highest Wireless Network Quality Performance in the North Central Region, according to the J.D. Power 2016 U.S. Wireless Network Quality Performance Study, and 99 percent of customers have access to 4G LTE speeds. To learn more about U.S. Cellular, visit one of its retail stores or uscellular.com. To get the latest news, promos and videos, connect with U.S. Cellular on Facebook.com/uscellular, Twitter.com/uscellular and YouTube.com/uscellularcorp. For media kits, backgrounders and high-resolution photos, please visit www.ericsson.com/press Ericsson is the driving force behind the Networked Society - a world leader in communications technology and services. Our long-term relationships with every major telecom operator in the world allow people, business and society to fulfill their potential and create a more sustainable future. Our services, software and infrastructure - especially in mobility, broadband and the cloud - are enabling the telecom industry and other sectors to do better business, increase efficiency, improve the user experience and capture new opportunities. With approximately 115,000 professionals and customers in 180 countries, we combine global scale with technology and services leadership. We support networks that connect more than 2.5 billion subscribers. Forty percent of the world's mobile traffic is carried over Ericsson networks. And our investments in research and development ensure that our solutions - and our customers - stay in front. Founded in 1876, Ericsson has its headquarters in Stockholm, Sweden. Net sales in 2015 were SEK 246.9 billion (USD 29.4 billion). Ericsson is listed on NASDAQ OMX stock exchange in Stockholm and the NASDAQ in New York. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT
News Article | February 27, 2017
CHICAGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--U.S. Cellular announced today that its “Community Connections” program is back for the third consecutive year to provide sponsorship support to local youth organizations. Since the program launched in 2015, the company has awarded nearly $900,000 in sponsorship dollars to more than 2,200 school groups and youth sports teams. Beginning today, academic and athletic groups (K-12) within U.S. Cellular’s markets can sign up at www.pearup.com/uscellular to participate in this program and become eligible to receive sponsorship from the company to go towards the needs of their group. “U.S. Cellular is excited to continue supporting local youth organizations through Community Connections. This program rewards groups that provide youth with meaningful experiences and opportunities,” said Grant Leech, vice president of brand management at U.S. Cellular. “As we begin the third year of this program, it is clear that countless deserving organizations exist, and we are proud to be able to have a positive impact on the communities where we live and work.” Through the Community Connections program, U.S. Cellular has sponsored thousands of local youth groups, school programs and sports teams, such as little leagues, youth soccer clubs, school dance teams and bands. Once an interested group signs up at the website, they have ten days to generate support from neighbors, friends, family and their community to earn money by completing simple tasks such as following U.S. Cellular on its social channels, watching a video or answering a short survey. This money goes directly to the organization or group, and each group can earn up to $1,000 that can be used towards uniforms, equipment or other program needs. The Community Connections program is a collaboration between U.S. Cellular and Pear, an online platform that connects local brands with local community needs. In addition, in 2016 U.S. Cellular contributed $1.3 million to K-12 Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) focused education programs through its partnerships with Boys & Girls Clubs of America and National 4-H Council. U.S. Cellular is the fifth-largest full-service wireless carrier in the United States, providing national network coverage and industry-leading innovations designed to elevate the customer experience. The Chicago-based carrier offers coverage where the other carriers don't and a wide range of communication services that enhance consumers’ lives, increase the competitiveness of local businesses and improve the efficiency of government operations. U.S. Cellular has the Highest Wireless Network Quality Performance in the North Central Region, according to the J.D. Power 2016 U.S. Wireless Network Quality Performance Study, and 99 percent of customers have access to 4G LTE speeds. To learn more about U.S. Cellular, visit one of its retail stores or uscellular.com. To get the latest news, promos and videos, connect with U.S. Cellular on Facebook.com/uscellular, Twitter.com/uscellular and YouTube.com/uscellularcorp.
News Article | November 29, 2016
DES PLAINES, IL--(Marketwired - November 29, 2016) - Award-winning web design and development company Americaneagle.com has announced Kentico Gold partner status. Gold partner status is the highest level of Kentico partnership, reserved for partners that have demonstrated a deep understanding of the Kentico platform and have fulfilled numerous other criteria; to become a Gold partner, they must also have a team of Kentico-certified developers and experience developing Kentico sites. Jessica MacRoberts, Territory Sales Manager - North Central Region at Kentico, commented, "Kentico has been building a partnership with Americaneagle.com for the past 3 years in which they have become a valued Gold partner within our Partner network. They have made it easy to build our partnership by proactively engaging in regular communication, and always being eager to learn how Kentico can provide a solution to their clients. They bring a wealth of knowledge to their clients, which translates to successful project development and deployment." The Kentico platform is a CMS, ecommerce and online marketing platform that is ideal for midmarket and enterprise businesses. Through the Kentico platform, marketers can manage their own content, conduct A/B tests, make use of personalization and marketing automation, and more. Mike Svanascini, Americaneagle.com's President, commented, "With over twenty years' experience in the web industry, we have the expertise and skills necessary to be exceptional Kentico Gold Partners. We are very proud to work with Kentico and look forward to continuing our work creating exceptional online experiences for our customers via the Kentico platform." About Americaneagle.com Americaneagle.com, Inc., founded in 1978, is a leading Web design, development, and hosting company based in Des Plaines, Illinois. Currently, Americaneagle.com employs approximately 350+ professionals in offices throughout the country including Chicago, Charlotte, Cleveland, Dallas, Fort Lauderdale, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, New York, and Washington D.C. Some of their 7,000+ clients include Komatsu USA, FASTSIGNS, Stuart Weitzman, WeatherTech.com, Chicago Bears, and the American Dental Association. For additional information about Americaneagle.com, visit www.americaneagle.com.
Finlayson B.,Pesticide Investigations Unit |
Somer W.L.,North Central Region |
Vinson M.R.,U.S. Geological Survey
North American Journal of Fisheries Management | Year: 2010
The piscicide rotenone has been used for over 70 years to eradicate unwanted fish, but controversy exists regarding its impacts on nontarget organisms, particularly aquatic invertebrates. We evaluated the toxicity of synergized Nusyn-Noxfish and nonsynergized CFT Legumine rotenone formulations in 4- and 8-h exposures to rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and six species of mountain stream caddisflies, mayflies, and stoneflies. We then compared these results with historical treatment data and aquatic invertebrate collections surrounding rotenone treatments in the 1990s that were designed to restore Paiute cutthroat trout O. clarkii seleniris to the Silver King Creek basin in Alpine County, California. The toxicity of rotenone was greatest to the trout; the synergist piperonyl butoxide appeared to have no effect on the toxicity of rotenone to the trout but did increase the toxicity to the invertebrates. The mean 8-h concentrations (as rotenone) lethal to 50% of the rainbow trout were 5.3 μg/L for CFT Legumine and 6.2 μg/L for Nusyn- Noxfish; the mean values for invertebrates ranged from 34 to 174 μg/L for CFT Legumine and from 13 to 74 μg/L for Nusyn-Noxfish. These findings corresponded to that observed in Silver King Creek, where three annual treatments of 16-23 μg/L for 6-18 h were successful in extirpating rainbow trout hybrids but caused little change in aquatic insect assemblages. To lessen the impacts of rotenone treatment in mountain streams, project planners should (1) use the lowest rotenone concentration and duration needed to accomplish the treatment objective (we suggest 25-50 μg/L for < 8 h) and (2) avoid using formulations containing the synergist piperonyl butoxide. © Copyright by the American Fisheries Society.
Wright D.H.,North Central Region |
Nguyen C.V.,North Central Region |
Anderson S.,North Central Region
California Fish and Game | Year: 2016
We compared presence or absence of tree species recruitment in 381 recent random plots in the northern Sierra Nevada of California with 2160 Vegetation Type Map project plots of the 1930s. Of 12 tree species with adequate sample sizes for analysis, we found a significant upward elevation shift in recruitment in three species over this 80-year interval: red fir, western white pine, and mountain hemlock. A marginally significant upward shift was seen in lodgepole pine. All four species are higher elevation conifers in our study area. A few significant latitudinal shifts were also observed, but in a direction counter to the expectation of poleward shift. We believe this reversal is because more northerly latitudes in our study area have lower maximum elevations, whereas the more southerly latitudes have high mountains. One especially high-elevation species, mountain hemlock, became rare to lacking in the northern parts of our region, where the elevations at which it was formerly found may no longer be cool enough for the species. Because our measure of recruitment integrates over multiple years of seed germination and seedling and sapling survival, we believe these changes in small trees may reflect ongoing climatic changes in the Sierra Nevada, foreshadowing changes in plant communities and wildlife habitats. © 2016, Dept. of Fish and Game. All rights reserved.