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Copenhagen, Denmark

Thomsen H.A.,Technical University of Denmark | Ostergaard J.B.,Norrebrogade 52a 5th
Acta Protozoologica | Year: 2014

A contingent of weakly calcified coccolithophorid genera and species were described from polar regions almost 40 years ago. In the interim period a few additional findings have been reported enlarging the realm of some of the species. The genus Pappomonas is revisited here with the purpose of providing, based on additional sampling from both polar regions, an update on species morphology, life history aspects and biogeography that can serve as a reference for the future. The examination of a substantial number of cells unequivocally supports the elevation to species level of P. borealis stat. nov. (previously referred to as P. fabellifera var. borealis) as a separate taxon which is different from P. fabellifera in a number of critical morphological features. Additional evidence in favour of linking P. virgulosa and Balaniger balticus in a shared life history in combination with signifcant differences in coccolith morphology between the Pappomonas type species (P. fabellifera) and P. virgulosa has prompted us to synonymise Balaniger balticus with Pappomonas virgulosa, while informally keeping the names of the phases as Balaniger virgulosa HET (= Pappomonas virgulosa phase) and Balaniger virgulosa HOL (= Balaniger balticus phase). A new species, Pappomonas garrisonii sp. nov. is described to accommodate Antarctic material from the Wed-dell Sea. While ftting into the Pappomonas generic concept, the species adds new dimensions to the overall appearance of the coccolith armour of the cell and emphasizes the close relationship between species of Pappomonas and Papposphaera.


Thomsen H.,Technical University of Denmark | Ostergaard J.B.,Norrebrogade 52a 5th
Acta Protozoologica | Year: 2014

The genus Calciarcus is revisited here with the purpose of providing, based on additional sampling from both polar regions, an update on species diversity and morphology that can serve as a reference for future work. The geographic realm of the genus is significantly widened and a case is built based on consistency in appearance in favour of adding Calciarcus spp. to the well-defined community of bipolar weakly calcified coccolithophorid genera. Despite the multitude of specimens available for analysis and the fact that the specimens examined distribute themselves within three clusters based on morphological features of coccolith superstructures, it has not been possible at this stage to define a robust framework for differentiation among species of Calciarcus. Circumstantial evidence exist linking species of Wigwamma with species of Calciarcus in haploid-diploid life cycles.


Thomsen H.A.,Technical University of Denmark | Ostergaard J.B.,Norrebrogade 52a 5th | Heldal M.,University of Bergen
Acta Protozoologica | Year: 2016

The re-examination of the lightly calcified Arctic coccolithophore species, Papposphaera sagittifera, has some inherent challenges due to the research history on this taxon. It is thus obvious in retrospect that the species description based on just a single specimen does not adequately account for the true identity of this taxon. Today we are aware of the existence of at least three species of Papposphaera that have basically the same calyx design while being differentiated based on patterns of central area calcification. In order to remedy this we emend here the description of P. sagittifera and provide an epitype for the species. When realizing that species pairs of Papposphaera and Turrisphaera share a life history, the new combination, P. borealis, was established to accommodate P. sagittifera and T. borealis. However, it turns out that ‘sagittifera’ is in fact the senior epithet by a few months, which means that the correct name for the species is P. sagittifera with T. borealis added as a synonym. While the P. sagittifera HET and HOL morphological variability across Arctic sites clearly leaves the impression of a single, fairly well defined species, the situation is different with respect to the occurrence of P. sagittifera in Antarctic waters. While there are obvious similarities between P. sagittifera HET across the Polar Regions there are also subtle differences, and most importantly it has been found that the Antarctic P. sagittifera shares a life history with a species of Turrisphaera that is markedly different from T. borealis. While awaiting molecular evidence the Antarctic material is tentatively referred to as P. sagittifera cfr. © 2016, Jagiellonian University. All Rights Reserved.


Thomsen H.A.,Technical University of Denmark | Ostergaard J.B.,Norrebrogade 52a 5th | Heldal M.,Dep. of Biology
Acta Protozoologica | Year: 2013

A contingent of weakly calcified coccolithophorid genera and species were described from polar regions almost 40 years ago. In the interim period a few additional findings have been reported enlarging the realm of some of the species. The genus Wigwamma is revisited here with the purpose of providing, based on additional sampling from both polar regions, an update on species morphology, life history events and biogeography that can serve as a reference for the future. A new genus, Pseudowigwamma gen. nov. is described to accommodate Wigwamma scenozonion, a species which critically deviates from a core group of five Wigwamma species in terms of coccolith morphology and life history events. Wigwamma armatura sp. nov. is described on the basis of material from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. While fitting nicely into the Wigwamma generic concept, the species adds new dimensions to the overall appearance of the coccolith armour of the cell.


Thomsen H.A.,Technical University of Denmark | Ostergaard J.B.,Norrebrogade 52a 5th
Acta Protozoologica | Year: 2015

A group of weakly calcified coccolithophorid genera and species were described from polar regions several decades ago. In the interim period a few additional findings have been reported adding to the morphological and biogeographical databases of some of the species. The holococcolithophorid genus Trigonaspis is revisited here with the purpose of providing, based on additional sampling from both polar regions, an update on species morphology, life history aspects and biogeography. The genus Trigonaspis as currently circumscribed comprises four taxa – two from each polar region. The triangular plates of crystallites that cover the surfaces of both the tower-shaped flagellar pole coccoliths and the disc-shaped body coccoliths are the keystone features of the genus. Circumstantial evidence exists linking species of Trigonaspis with species of Pappomonas in haploid-diploid life cycles. © 2015, Jagiellonian University. All rights reserved.

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