Grankvist O.,Sunderby Hospital |
Olofsson A.D.,Umeå University |
Isaksson R.-M.,Norrbotten County Council |
Isaksson R.-M.,Linköping University
Patient Education and Counseling | Year: 2014
Objective: The main objective was to gain a deeper understanding of how medical students perceive and experience learning from gynecological teaching women (GTW) instead of physicians in their first pelvic examination. A second aim was to describe how the women experience their roles as GTW. Methods: Data were collected from individual interviews with 24 medical students from a medical school in Sweden and with 5 GTW. Discourse analysis was performed to acquire a deeper understanding of the informants' experiences and to understand social interactions. Results: Five themes revealed in the medical students' experiences: "Hoping that anxiety will be replaced with security," "Meeting as equals creates a sense of calm," "Succeeding creates a sense of security for the future," "Wanting but not having the opportunity to learn more," and "Feeling relieved and grateful." One theme revealed in the GTW experiences: "Hoping to relate in a trustworthy way.". Conclusion: To replace physicians with GTW may facilitate the learning process and may also help medical students improve their communicative skills. Using GTW will hopefully further improve students' basic medical examination techniques and physician-patient relationships. Practice implications: Since GTW seems to increase self-confidence and skills of medical students performing their first pelvic examination we recommend that the use of GTW is considered in the training of medical students. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Holmdahl S.,Norrbotten County Council |
Savenstedt S.,Lulea University of Technology |
Imoni R.,Norrbotten County Council
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences | Year: 2014
Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of district nurses in caring for patients with home-parenteral nutrition (HPN) in palliative care. Method: A qualitative approach was adopted using thematic content analysis of semi-structured interviews. Twelve district nurses working with primary health care in Sweden participated in the study that was conducted during 2011. Findings: The analysis resulted in one overarching theme: The agony of terminating hope and three categories: all focus is on the infusion, alone without support, confidence in the relationship. HPN seemed to have a symbolic meaning when patients and family members connected the infusion with hope and life. District nurses expressed that they felt alone with the responsibility for the HPN due to the lack of a structured plan. Difficult discussions around termination of the infusion seemed to be connected to a feeling of agony of terminating hope among the district nurses. All district nurses expressed a need for support in their work, and factors like experience and the development of a good relationship with the patient and the family, could decrease the agony. Conclusion: The draw up of a plan when starting HPN, could be a support for the district nurse and make the aim, follow-up and future termination clearer. The establishment of a plan could make the work easier and reduce the feeling of agony of terminating hope among the district nurses. © 2013 Nordic College of Caring Science. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Nordstrom B.,Norrbotten County Council |
Nordstrom B.,Lulea University of Technology |
Naslund A.,Lulea University of Technology |
Ekenberg L.,Norrbotten County Council
Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology | Year: 2013
Purpose: The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning that standing holds for persons who require standing devices. Method: The phenomenological/ hermeneutical analysis of the interviews was carried out using a life world-approach. Fifteen users of standing devices lacking the ability to stand independently participated in the interviews.Result: Each person's lived experiences of standing in their devices indicated that the upright body position opens up an opportunity for connection to the outside world. An upright body position (i) alters the person's sense of self, (ii) augments the person's availability to the outside world, (iii) strengthens social interplay, and (iv) changes a person's motivation and their expectations over time. Conclusion: Standing may be something that unites the body and self. Understanding the meaning of the altered body position that the use of standing devices opens up is vital for physiotherapists and occupational therapists prescribing these devices. Furthermore, it is important to take account of the subjective body, as well as the biological one, to enhance the adoption of different body positions and the person's experiences. Implications for Rehabilitation Prolonged standing in standing devices Use of assistive devices for standing has benefits beyond physical/physiological ones. Standing in assistive devices for standing positively affects subjective well-being. Use of assistive devices for standing enhanced participation and social functioning of persons with severe disabilities such as spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.
PubMed | Norrbotten County Council, Lulea University of Technology and Umeå University
Type: | Journal: European journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology | Year: 2016
Several studies have examined various parameters and experiences when patients suffer their first myocardial infarction (MI), but knowledge about when they suffer their second MI is limited.To compare risk factors for MI, that is, diabetes, hypertension and smoking, for the first and second MI events in men and women affected by two MIs and to analyse the time intervals between the first and second MIs.A retrospective cohort study of 1017 patients aged 25-74 years with first and second MIs from 1990 through 2009 registered in the Northern Sweden MONICA registry.More women than men have diabetes and hypertension and are smokers at the first MI. Similar differences between the genders remain at the time of the second MI for diabetes and hypertension, although both risk factors have increased. Smoking decreased at the second MI without any remaining difference between genders. Women suffer their second MI within a shorter time interval than men do. Within 16 months of their first MI, 50% of women had a second MI. The corresponding time interval for men was 33 months.Patients affected by an MI should be made aware of their risk of recurrent MI and that the risk of recurrence is highest during the first few years after an MI. In patients affected by two MIs, women have a higher risk factor burden and suffer their second MI earlier than men do and thus may need more aggressive and more prompt secondary prevention.
PubMed | Karolinska Institutet, Lulea University of Technology and Norrbotten County Council
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Disability and rehabilitation. Assistive technology | Year: 2016
To evaluate the test-retest reliability of the Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META) in a sample of people with acquired brain injury (ABI).The META was administered twice within a two-week period to 25 people with ABI. A Rasch measurement model was used to convert the META ordinal raw scores into equal-interval linear measures of each participants ability to manage everyday technology (ET). Test-retest reliability of the stability of the person ability measures in the META was examined by a standardized difference Z-test and an intra-class correlations analysis (ICC 1).The results showed that the paired person ability measures generated from the META were stable over the test-retest period for 22 of the 25 subjects. The ICC 1 correlation was 0.63, which indicates good overall reliability.The META demonstrated acceptable test-retest reliability in a sample of people with ABI. The results illustrate the importance of using sufficiently challenging ETs (relative to a persons abilities) to generate stable META measurements over time. Implications for Rehabilitation The findings add evidence regarding the test-retest reliability of the person ability measures generated from the observation assessment META in a sample of people with ABI. The META might support professionals in the evaluation of interventions that are designed to improve clients performance of activities including the ability to manage ET.
PubMed | Norrbotten County Council, Sunderby Hospital, Linköping University and Umeå University
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: European journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology | Year: 2015
Prodromal symptoms before myocardial infarction (MI) are common, but there are limited data regarding health care contact prior to the acute onset of MI and the impact of gender on early presentation to health care.The purpose of this study was to describe and analyse prodromal symptoms reported in medical records and study health care contact in the week before the acute onset of MI in comparison to the general population.From the Northern Sweden MONICA Study we accessed the medical records of 359 patients aged 32-74 years with a first MI in the county of Norrbotten in 2007. We identified those patients health care contact during the seven days before the MI and compared them with the weekly number of contacts in the general population aged 45-74 years in the county during 2007.We found that 23.1% of the women and 17.6% of the men had at least one contact the week before the MI. With the exception of the 14 women aged 45-55 years, health care consumption in both women and men in all age groups between 45- 74 years of age was 75%-165% higher in the week prior to the MI than in the general population of the same ages. In the first health care contact, pain-related symptoms were most frequent (43%), and fatigue was present in 8% of patients. There were no differences between women and men in health care consumption or presenting symptoms.Both women and men with a first MI are in contact more frequently than the general population in the week prior to the event.
Isaksson R.-M.,The Northern Sweden MONICA Myocardial Registry |
Isaksson R.-M.,Umeå University |
Brulin C.,Umeå University |
Eliasson M.,Sunderby Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences | Year: 2011
Aim: To explore older men's prehospital experiences of their first myocardial infarction (MI). Background: The delay between the onset of symptoms to the initiation of medical care is a major determinant of prognosis in MI. The majority of people experiencing MI are men. But few studies have been conducted solely on men's experiences before seeking medical care for MI. The objective of this study was to explore older men's experiences of symptoms and their reasoning during the prehospital phase of their first MI. Method: Data collection was carried out through individual interviews with 20 men representing the age range 65-80 (mean 71)years. The participants were interviewed 3days after admission for a confirmed first MI. The interviews were designed to prompt the men to describe their symptoms and their reasoning up to the decision to seek care. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the interviews. Findings: The prehospital phase in older men was found to be a complex and extended journey. The symptoms were perceived from diffuse ill-being to a cluster of alarming symptoms. The participants dealt with conceptions about MI symptoms. They were unsure about the cause of their symptoms, which did not correspond to their expectations about an MI, and whether they should seek medical care. They had difficulty making the final decision to seek care and strived to maintain a normal life. They initially tried to understand, reduce or treat the symptoms by themselves. The decision to seek medical care preceded a movement from uncertainty to conviction. Conclusions: Understanding older men's prehospital experiences of MI is essential to reduce their patient decision times. This requires knowledge about the complexity and dynamic evolvement of symptoms, beliefs and strategies to maintain an ordinary life. © 2011 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences © 2011 Nordic College of Caring Science.
Hedman L.,Umeå University |
Andersson M.,Umeå University |
Stridsman C.,Norrbotten County Council |
Ronmark E.,Umeå University
BMJ Open | Year: 2015
Objective: To study the prevalence of tobacco use among teenagers, to evaluate a tobacco prevention programme and to study factors related to participation in the prevention programme. Design and setting: Population-based prospective cohort study. Method: Within the Obstructive Lung disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) studies, a cohort study about asthma in schoolchildren started in 2006. All children aged 7-8 years in three municipalities were invited to a questionnaire survey and 2585 (96%) participated. The cohort was followed up at age 11-12 years (n=2612, 95% of invited) and 14-15 years (n=2345, 88% of invited). In 2010, some of the children in the OLIN cohort (n=447) were invited to a local tobacco prevention programme and 224 (50%) chose to participate. Results: At the age of 14-15 years, the prevalence of daily smoking was 3.5%. Factors related to smoking were female sex, having a smoking mother, participation in sports and lower parental socioeconomic status (SES). The prevalence of using snus was 3.3% and risk factors were male sex, having a smoking mother, having a snus-using father and non-participation in the prevention programme. In the prevention programme, the prevalence of tobacco use was significantly lower among the participants compared with the controls in the cohort. Factors related to non-participation were male sex, having a smoking mother, lower parental SES and participation in sports. Conclusions: The prevalence of tobacco use was lower among the participants in the tobacco prevention programme compared with the non-participants as well as with the controls in the cohort. However, the observed benefit of the intervention may be overestimated as participation was biased by selection. © 2015, BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.
Karlsson A.,Umeå University |
Osterlund A.,Norrbotten County Council |
Osterlund A.,Sunderby Hospital |
Forssen A.,Umeå University
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011
Background. The significance of Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection in the pharynx, and possible symptoms, are under discussion. Most studies have involved only homo/bisexual men. We report findings of pharyngeal Ct (PhCt) infections in patients with long-lasting throat discomfort and the prevalence of PhCt in genitally Ct-infected young people in a Swedish primary care setting. Method. Sub-study 1 (SS1) included 48 persons aged 15-35 y, with pharyngeal discomfort for more than 14 days. Sub-study 2 (SS2) included 150 persons, aged 15-35 y, with genital Ct. Questionnaires concerning symptoms, sexual behaviour and sexual identity were completed for both groups. Samples for Ct testing were taken from the pharynx, and in SS1, samples were also collected to ascertain genital Ct. Results. In SS1, 2 of 48 persons (4%) with pharyngeal discomfort had PhCt. In all, 35 of the 48 persons (73%) included in SS1 reported unprotected oral sex during the previous year. In SS2, 11 of 92 women (12%) and 4 of 58 men (7%) tested positive for PhCt. More women (94%) than men (83%) had given unprotected oral sex. Persons with PhCt had more symptoms from the upper respiratory tract (p = 0.04). Conclusions. Some primary care patients with long-lasting throat discomfort have a PhCt infection. PhCt infection is not uncommon in genitally infected sexually active people. More heterosexual women than heterosexual men had given unprotected oral sex and were infected by Ct in the pharynx. Thus, research on PhCt should not focus on homo/bisexual men only. Information about Ct should include the risk of contracting a PhCt infection as well as a gender perspective. © 2011 Informa Healthcare.
PubMed | Norrbotten County Council, Umeå University and Gothenburg University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Tobacco induced diseases | Year: 2015
Smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and smoking cessation is the only intervention that slows disease progression. It is important to know whether current factors related to smoking and smoking cessation are different among subjects with and without COPD in order to support smoking cessation. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors related to smoking cessation and to compare characteristics and nicotine dependence among smokers with and without COPD.In 2005, 1614 subjects in a population-based longitudinal study of subjects with COPD and controls were examined. The Fagerstrm Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and motivation for smoking cessation were assessed for current smokers (n=299 total, 194 with COPD). Data on smoking cessation were collected in a follow-up in 2008 (n=240).Smokers with COPD had more pack-years and respiratory symptoms than smokers without COPD, whereas higher FTND scores were associated with anxiety/depression and respiratory symptoms in both groups. Nineteen percent of the smokers had quit smoking by the follow-up 3years later, and they had significantly lower FTND scores (2.54 vs. 3.75, p<0.001) and higher self-efficacy scores (10.0 vs. 6.0, p=0.020) at baseline than the sustained smokers. Smoking cessation was related to low FTND scores and high self-efficacy independent of the presence of COPD, respiratory symptoms, anxiety/depression, and heart disease.The FTND score and a simple visual analog scale for assessing self-efficacy seem to be valuable instruments for predicting smoking cessation over several years, independent of COPD, respiratory symptoms, presence of anxiety/depression, and heart disease.