A norm is a group-held belief about how members should behave in a given context. Sociologists describe norms as informal understandings that govern individuals' behavior in society, while psychologists have adopted a more general definition, recognizing smaller group units, such as a team or an office, may also endorse norms separate or in addition to cultural or societal expectations. The psychological definition emphasizes social norms' behavioral component, stating norms have two dimensions: how much behavior is exhibited and how much the group approves of that behavior.Norms running counter to the behaviors of the overarching society or culture may be transmitted and maintained within small subgroups of society. For example, Crandall noted that certain groups have a rate of bulimia, a publicly recognized life-threatening disease, that is much higher than society as a whole. Social norms have a way of maintaining order and organizing groups. Wikipedia.
News Article | May 11, 2017
"We're so pleased that the LePage family is partnering with us on this restaurant," said DTE Energy Chairman and CEO Gerry Anderson. "They bring decades of experience in operating distinctive restaurant concepts in southeastern Michigan. The LePage family's culinary point-of-view will complement the iconic architecture and ambience of this restaurant." Award-winning architectural firm, Touloukian Touloukian, Inc., is leading the construction of the rooftop's green restaurant space; interior and patio design is by Victor Saroki; and Kelly Building Co. is performing the build out of the space. "There are so many amazing things happening in Detroit right now and we are very excited to be part of it and to bring our restaurant concept to DTE's new public park," said Norm LePage. "It's been an honor to work with DTE on this project to help create the ultimate outdoor entertainment experience, and of course a special focus on quality food and service." DTE's new park is centrally located between the entertainment district, home of Little Caesar's Arena and Comerica Park, the Central Business District, Cork Town, and MGM Grand Casino. The park, programmed and operated by the Downtown Detroit Partnership, will open for play in July. About DTE Energy DTE Energy (NYSE: DTE) is a Detroit-based diversified energy company involved in the development and management of energy-related businesses and services nationwide. Its operating units include an electric utility serving 2.2 million customers in Southeastern Michigan and a natural gas utility serving 1.3 million customers in Michigan. The DTE Energy portfolio includes non-utility energy businesses focused on power and industrial projects, natural gas pipelines, gathering and storage, and energy marketing and trading. As one of Michigan's leading corporate citizens, DTE Energy is a force for growth and prosperity in the 450 Michigan communities it serves in a variety of ways, including philanthropy, volunteerism and economic progress. Information about DTE Energy is available at dteenergy.com, twitter.com/dte_energy and facebook.com. About Norm and Bonnie LePage For over four decades, renowned restaurateurs, Norman and Bonnie LePage have welcomed guests into their neighborhood restaurants where the focus has always been on providing quality food and an exceptional dining experience. The family currently oversees operations for Clubhouse BFD in Rochester Hills, a craft beer bar; popular Big Rock Chophouse and Got Rocks Diamond Crown Cigar Lounge, a four star restaurant with an upstairs cigar bar, located in Birmingham's historic train station; The Reserve, an exclusive banquet facility located on the grounds of Big Rock Chophouse; and Griffin Claw Brewing Company in Birmingham, a 12,000-square-foot brewing and distributing facility with a taproom that opened in 2013 and is scheduled to open a second location in Rochester Hills in Fall of 2017. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/dte-energy-lights-up-the-detroit-restaurant-scene-with-new-dining-destination-300455641.html
Anesthesiology | Year: 2013
Microglial activation is implicated in delayed tissue damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Activation of microglia causes up-regulation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, with the release of reactive oxygen species and cytotoxicity. Propofol appears to have antiinflammatory actions. The authors evaluated the neuroprotective effects of propofol after TBI and examined in vivo and in vitro whether such actions reflected modulation of NADPH oxidase. Adult male rats were subjected to moderate lateral fluid percussion TBI. Effect of propofol on brain microglial activation and functional recovery was assessed up to 28 days postinjury. By using primary microglial and BV2 cell cultures, the authors examined propofol modulation of lipopolysaccharide and interferon-γ-induced microglial reactivity and neurotoxicity. Propofol improved cognitive recovery after TBI in novel object recognition test (48 ± 6% for propofol [n = 15] vs. 30 ± 4% for isoflurane [n = 14]; P = 0.005). The functional improvement with propofol was associated with limited microglial activation and decreased cortical lesion volume and neuronal loss. Propofol also attenuated lipopolysaccharide- and interferon-γ-induced microglial activation in vitro, with reduced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-α, interlukin-1β, reactive oxygen species, and NADPH oxidase. Microglial-induced neurotoxicity in vitro was also markedly reduced by propofol. The protective effect of propofol was attenuated when the NADPH oxidase subunit p22 was knocked down by small interfering RNA. Moreover, propofol reduced the expression of p22 and gp91, two key components of NADPH oxidase, after TBI. The neuroprotective effects of propofol after TBI appear to be mediated, in part, through the inhibition of NADPH oxidase.
Coleman C.N.,NORM |
Love R.R.,United States The International Breast Cancer Research Foundation
Science translational medicine | Year: 2014
Management of the cancer burden in low- and lower-middle-income countries requires global partnerships between cancer-care mentors from high-income countries and community health workers familiar with the local circumstances. Copyright © 2014, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Medycyna wieku rozwojowego | Year: 2010
Adequate vitamin D intake and its status as well outdoor physical activity are important not only for normal bone development and Ca-P metabolism, but for optimal function of many organs and tissues throughout the body. Due to documented changes in dietary habits and physical activity level, both observed in growing children and adults, the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency is continuously increasing. National Consultants and experts in this field established the Polish recommendations for prophylactic vitamin D supplementation in infants, toddlers, children and adolescents as well as in adults, including pregnant and lactating women based on current literature review. Taking into consideration pleyotropic vitamin D action and safety aspects serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) level of 20-60 ng/ml (50-750 nmol/l) in children and 30-80 ng/ml (75-200 nmol/I) in adults is considered as optimal. Sunlight exposure inducing vitamin D production in the skin is main endogen source of vitamin D in the body but sunscreens may reduce skin synthesis by 90%. In Poland, skin synthesis is effective only from April to September so other sources of vitamin D such as diet and supplements play an important role. All newborns should be supplemented with 400 IU/d of vitamin D beginning from the first few days of life and continue during infancy. In formula fed infants vitamin D intake from the diet should be taken into account. In preterm infants higher total vitamin D intake (400-800 IU/day) is recommended till 40 weeks post conception. Total vitamin D intake in children and adolescents required from all sources (diet and/or supplements) should be 400 IU/d between October and March and throughout the whole year in case of inadequate vitamin D skin synthesis during the summer months. In overweight/obese children supplementation with higher dosage of vitamin D up to 800-1000 IU/d should be considered. Adults require 800-1000 IU/d of vitamin D. In pregnant and lactating women such supplementation is recommended in case of inadequate intake from diet and/or skin synthesis supplementation. Monitoring of serum 25-OHD level to define optimal dosage should be considered.
Norm | Date: 2010-01-29
A timer includes a case, a shaft, a cam wheel, a drive mechanism, and a plurality of switch blades disposed within the case. The shaft is rotatably and reciprocally movably disposed in the case. The cam wheel is pivoted on the shaft and rotates together with the shaft when setting, or rotates independently by the drive mechanism. The cam wheel includes a plurality of cam tracks on one side surface thereof and a plurality of ratchets and grooves on a circular rim thereof. The drive mechanism contacts the ratchets to drive the cam wheel to rotate relative to the shaft. The switch blades respectively contact the cam tracks of the cam wheel, and correspondingly generate an electrical connection/disconnection. When the shaft moves to the setting position and the cam wheel being rotated by the user, a flexible element touches the grooves formed on the circular rim results a tactile feedback.
Norm | Date: 2016-03-08
Ironmengery, in the nature of metal nuts and bolts, small hardware of metal, namely nails, ball joints, studs, screws and washers, spacers and bushings, pipes and tubes of metal and metal fittings.
Norm | Date: 2015-07-01
A quick coupler for coupling an attachment, such as a digging bucket, to an evacuator machine. The quick coupler includes a first fixed jaw for a first coupling pin of the attachment. The quick coupler includes a latch cooperating with the first fixed jaw, which is moveable to a latched position for retaining the first coupling pin. A moveable jaw is provided that is able to slide, under power of a hydraulic ram, to a closed position retaining the second coupling pin. A locking arm assumes a locked position, while the latch assumes the latched position, preventing withdrawal of the moveable jaw from the closed position. Consequently, in the event of a hydraulic failure the locking arm simultaneously locks both the first attachment coupling pin, by means of the latch, and the second attachment coupling pin by means of preventing movement of the movable jaw from the closed position.
Norm | Date: 2017-01-11
Norm | Date: 2013-01-11
A heat exchanger of a desiccant wheel dehumidifier, disclosed in the disclosure, includes a frame and multiple heat exchange platy tubes. The frame has an air inlet and an air outlet. The multiple heat exchange platy tubes are fixed on the frame and are substantially arranged side by side with each other. Every two of the multiple heat exchange platy tubes adjacent to each other are separated at an interval from each other to form a first flow channel. Each of the multiple heat exchange platy tubes includes a main body and at least one spacing wall. The main body has multiple second flow channels therein. The at least one spacing wall is located between two of the multiple second flow channels adjacent to each other. The air inlet and the air outlet communicate with the multiple second flow channels.