The Nordhausen University of Applied science is located in Nordhausen, Thuringia, Germany. As of 2012, the Fachhochschule has 2,461 students enrolled and 45 professors. It offers Bachelor's and Master's degrees in business administration, public management, and business engineering, among others. Wikipedia.
Gebhard B.,Fakultat Wirtschafts and Sozialwissenschaften |
Gebhard B.,Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences |
Fink A.,Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg
Klinische Padiatrie | Year: 2015
Background: For children and adolescents social participation is a central goal of rehabilitation processes. Available measurements and evaluation tools are exposed to the problem that the theoretical foundation of the construct of participation is still unclear as well as differentiation from activity in the International Classification of Functioning, Disabilities and Health (ICF/ICF-CY) of the WHO is not made sufficiently. Objectives: The objectives of this article were (1) to illustrate the scientific discussions on the term and understanding of participation from rehabilitation science perspectives and (2) to conclude implications for practice and science. Materials and Methods: A systematic search for participation instruments was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC und EMBASE in August 2014. Results: The available instruments are based on very different definitions of participation. The discussion about the term seems to be not yet complete. A major demand is a better operationalization of activity and participation according to the ICF/ICF-CY in the instruments. Conclusions: Before using an existing instrument, the transferability should be tested for the own context. The theoretical assumptions of participation in conjunction to ICF/ICF-CY as well as the objectives of the instrument should all be clearly understood before using an existing instrument but also before the development of new instruments. © 2015 Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart.New York.
Fink A.,Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg |
Gebhard B.,Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences |
Erdwiens S.,University of Oldenburg |
Haddenhorst L.,University of Applied Sciences, Berlin |
Nowak S.,Zwickau University of Applied Sciences
Child: Care, Health and Development | Year: 2016
Background: The introduction of the International Classification of Functioning, Disabilities and Health of the World Health Organization in 2001 made social participation a major rehabilitation outcome and the ultimate goal of rehabilitation services. There is no available instrument to measure the youth participation in leisure activities apart from asking the youth themselves. The goal of this study was to present a German version of the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Preferences for Activities of Children (CAPE/PAC). Methods: The CAPE/PAC questionnaire was translated into German, a cultural adaptation process was designed and a reliability study was conducted. One hundred and fifty-two youths with and without disabilities, with a mean age of 15.2years (standard deviation 1.7), participated in the study. The participants completed CAPE and PAC twice within 4weeks. Reliability was examined by intraclass correlation coefficients, standard error of measurement, smallest detectable change and Cronbach's alpha. Results: The absolute values of participation differ between the typically developed youth group and those with impairments; the reliability of the CAPE/PAC is comparable in both groups. Intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.43 to 0.74 for the CAPE and from 0.71 to 0.83 for the PAC in all participants. The alpha values for internal consistency ranged from 0.42 to 0.82 for the CAPE and from 0.65 to 0.92 for the PAC. Conclusions: The German version of the PAC showed satisfactory reliability; however, reliability was not satisfactory for all scores of the CAPE, but comparable with versions in other languages. The need for newly developed participation measurements requires further discussion. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Genske D.D.,University of Liechtenstein |
Huang D.,ETH Zurich |
Ruff A.,Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Automation and Computing | Year: 2010
This paper focuses on land resource consumption due to urban sprawl. Special attention is given to shrinking regions, characterized by economic decline, demographic change, and high unemployment rates. In these regions, vast terrain is abandoned and falls derelict. A geographic information system (GIS) based multi-criteria decision tool is introduced to determine the reuse potential of derelict terrain, to investigate the possible reuse options (housing, business and trade, industry, services, tourism and leisure, and re-greening), and to visualize the best reuse options for groups of sites on a regional scale. Achievement functions for attribute data are presented to assess the best reuse options based on a multi-attribute technique. The assessment tool developed is applied to a model region in Germany. The application of the assessment tool enables communities to become aware of their resources of derelict land and their reuse potential. © 2010 Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Saint-Mont U.,Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015
According to R.A. Fisher, randomization "relieves the experimenter from the anxiety of considering innumerable causes by which the data may be disturbed." Since, in particular, it is said to control for known and unknown nuisance factors that may considerably challenge the validity of a result, it has become very popular. This contribution challenges the received view. First, looking for quantitative support, we study a number of straightforward, mathematically simple models. They all demonstrate that the optimism surrounding randomization is questionable: In small to medium-sized samples, random allocation of units to treatments typically yields a considerable imbalance between the groups, i.e., confounding due to randomization is the rule rather than the exception. In the second part of this contribution, the reasoning is extended to a number of traditional arguments in favour of randomization. This discussion is rather non-technical, and sometimes touches on the rather fundamental Frequentist/ Bayesian debate. However, the result of this analysis turns out to be quite similar: While the contribution of randomization remains doubtful, comparability contributes much to a compelling conclusion. Summing up, classical experimentation based on sound background theory and the systematic construction of exchangeable groups seems to be advisable. © 2015 Uwe Saint-Mont.
Lutsch D.V.,Isi GmbH and Co. KG |
Scharf A.,Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences |
Zanger C.,TU Chemnitz
Food Quality and Preference | Year: 2015
This study aims at better understanding the effect of a multimodal stimulation on liking. So far, most product design and product presentation related research on multimodal stimulation focused on congruence of stimuli intensity or message congruence only. Next to a multimodal stimulation, the product's ability to activate human motivations/need states can positively influence product liking, too. By taking these insights into consideration, the survey was designed to investigate the effect of a need state congruent stimulation on liking moderated by the target group's need states. For this purpose, an experiment was carried out in which 360 respondents evaluated face lotion packages. The stimuli combination followed a factorial design, including the sensory modalities optics, haptics, acoustics and olfaction. One half of the stimuli were designed to activate the need for affiliation, the other half to address the need for achievement - both basic motivations to use face lotion. For both need states a moderating effect can be observed, i.e. best results can be stated for need state congruent stimulations that were rated by respondents with a high specific need state. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.