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Quanzhou, China

Lin R.,No. 180 Hospital of PLA | Feng J.,Chongqing Medical University | Dong S.,No. 180 Hospital of PLA | Pan R.,No. 180 Hospital of PLA | And 2 more authors.
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry

Background/Aims: Autophagy is a cellular degradation process for the recycling of damaged or superfluous intracellular compartments to provide an alternative energy source during periods of metabolic stress for maintaining cell homeostasis and viability. Although autophagy in different contexts have been shown to use similar signaling pathways, the exact molecular regulation of autophagy has been found to be cell-type dependent. Methods: We used rapamycin to trigger autophagy and used nitric oxide (NO) to inhibit autophagy in prostate cancer cells. IWP-2 was used to inhibit β-catenin signaling. Autophagy-associated proteins were examined by Western blot. Results: We found that nitric oxide (NO), a potent cellular messenger, impaired rapamycin-induced autophagy in prostate cancer cells. Further analyses showed that NO induced nuclear accumulation of β-catenin, a key factor of Wnt signaling pathway, to inhibit autophagy in prostate cancer cells. Conclusions: We demonstrate involvement of β-catenin signaling in the regulation of autophagy of prostate cancer cells. Our results shed light on a previously unappreciated β-catenin signaling pathway for regulating autophagy in prostate cancer. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Chen C.,No. 180 Hospital of PLA | Wang Y.,Health Management Center | Liu J.,No. 180 Hospital of PLA | Lin R.,No. 180 Hospital of PLA

Background: The results of the studies that have investigated the effects of black tea on blood cholesterol are inconsistent. The aim of this study is to quantitatively assess the effects of black tea on cholesterol concentrations. Copyright:Methods: PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library (through to July 2014) were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) designed to investigate the effect of black tea on blood cholesterol concentrations. The study quality was assessed by the Jadad scoring criteria. Pooled effect of black tea consumption on blood cholesterol concentrations was evaluated by fixed-effects or random-effects model. Meta-regression analyses were conducted to estimate dose effects of black tea polyphenols on concentrations of blood cholesterol. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential source of heterogeneity.Results: The consumption of black tea did not significantly lower TC concentrations either in healthy subjects or patients with coronary artery diseases based on both fixed-effects and random-effects analysis. No significant change was observed in HDL-C concentrations in healthy participants or in subjects with coronary artery disease supplemented with black tea when compared with control participants. The pooled net change of LDL-C in healthy participants was 25.57 mg/dL (95% CI, 29.49 to 21.66 mg/dL; P = 0.005) in fixed-effects analysis and 24.56 (95% CI, 210.30 to 1.17 mg/dL; P = 0.12) in random-effects analysis. No significant net change was observed in LDL-C concentrations in patients with coronary artery disease. Subgroup and sensitivity did not significantly influence the overall outcomes of this meta-analysis. No significant dose effects of black tea polyphenols on blood cholesterol concentrations were detected in meta-regression analyses.Conclusion: The meta-analysis suggests that the consumption of black tea might not have beneficial effects on concentrations of TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C. Further high quality RCTs are needed to definitively draw a causal interpretation of the findings. © 2014 Wang et al. Source

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