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Awka, Nigeria

Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka is a Federal university in Nigeria. Its main campus is located in the southeastern part of Nigeria in Anambra State's capital, Awka, and a second campus is at Nnewi. It is one of twenty-five federal universities which are overseen and accredited by the National Universities Commission. According to the Universities Matriculation Examination Board, 'Unizik' is the second most sorted after university in Nigeria . History Nnamdi Azikiwe University came into being as an offshoot of the defunct Anambra State University of Technology . ASUTECH which was established through Law No. 7 of 30 July 1980 by the Government of the old Anambra operated as a multi-campus university, with campuses in Abakiliki, Enugu, Awka and Nnewi.In 1991, following the split of the old Anambra State into Anambra and Enugu States, the Awka and Nnewi campuses of the former ASUTECH were constituent into Nnamdi Azikiwe University by the Anambra State Edict No.5 of November 26, 1991. Nnamdi Azikiwe University was taken over by the Federal Government by Decree No. 34 of July 15, 1992In 1991, after the former Anambra State was split into Anambra and Enugu States, the Awka and Nnewi campuses of the former Anambra State University of Technology were combined into Nnamdi Azikiwe University, which was later taken over by Federal government. The university is named after Nnamdi Azikiwe, the first president of Nigeria. The Awka Campus became Nnamdi Azikiwe University. In 1992,the Federal Government of Nigeria took over the University from Anambra State. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, thus, became a Federal University. Location Of The UniversityThe main campus of the University is located at Awka sited thirty-five kilometers to the South -West of Awka, the second campus is at Nnewi and the third campus is at Agulu Student's PopulationThe University has a population of twenty-four thousand seven hundred and six for the full-time and twelve thousand, four hundred and seventy-six students for the part-time programmes during the 2004/2005 academic year.The university offers a diverse range of courses of study, including Arts, Natural science, Engineering, Management science, Medical and Health science, Social science, Law, African Languages, European Languages, and Education. In the 2004–2005 academic year there were 24,706 full-time students and 12,476 part-time students enrolled. The current Vice Chancellor is Prof. Boniface Egboka who took over from Prof.Ilochi Okafor . On 26th of May, 2014, Prof. Joe Ahaneku was announced as the Vice Chancellor elect. Wikipedia.

Oguejiofor G.C.,Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy | Year: 2010

Given the magnitude of the Nigerian coal reserves, the industrialization role coal played in the pre-petroleum era, and the resources conservation consideration dictating that some local resources be used so as to conserve and extend the depletion years of oil and gas, Enugu coal offers a promising alternative solution to Nigeria's power generation. Unfortunately, emissions from coal combination chiefly impose some environmental bottlenecks to coal utilization for power generation. This article reviews the roles of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide emissions as acid gas, as well as the activities of carbon dioxide as both acid gas and greenhouse gas. The article also examines the impact of environmental concern and legislation on the control of combustion emissions. To ensure compliance with legislation and environmental concerns, this paper proposed fluidized bed combustion as the remedy for combustion emissions control. In this regard, two categories of FBC, namely bubbling fluidized bed and circulating fluidized bed combustors, were reviewed in conjunction with their modes of operation in the forms of: atmospheric fluidized bed combustion and pressurized fluidized bed combustion. The review showed that the bubbling fluidized beds are more viable for retrofit applications, while the circulating fluidized bed units are more applicable in new plants. Owing to the non inclusion of carbon dioxide parameters in the operating credentials of bubbling fluidized bed and circulating fluidized bed units, some of the known technologies for carbon dioxide scrubbing/removal were suggested as this article will show. Copyright © 2010 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Ozoegwu C.G.,Nnamdi Azikiwe University
International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture | Year: 2014

First and second order least squares methods are used in generating simple approximation polynomials for the state term of the model for regenerative chatter in the milling process. The least squares approximation of delayed state term and periodic term of the model does not go beyond first order. The resulting discrete maps are demonstrated to have same convergence rate as the discrete maps in other works that are based on the interpolation theory. The presented discrete maps are illustrated to be beneficial in terms of computational time (CT) savings that derive from reduction in the number of calculation needed for generation system monodromy matrix. This benefit is so much that computational time of second order least squares-based discrete map is noticeably shorter than that of first order interpolation-based discrete map. It is expected from analysis then verified numerically that savings in CT due to use of least squares theory relative to use of interpolation theory of same order rises with rise in order of approximation. The experimentally determined model parameters used for numerical calculations are extracted from literature. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Ogbo F.C.,Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2010

Two fungi characterized as Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus niger, isolated from decaying cassava peels were used to convert cassava wastes by the semi-solid fermentation technique to phosphate biofertilizer. The isolates solubilized Ca 3(PO 4) 2, AlPO 4 and FePO 4 in liquid Pikovskaya medium, a process that was accompanied by acid production. Medium for the SSF fermentation was composed of 1% raw cassava starch and 3% poultry droppings as nutrients and 96% ground (0.5-1.5 mm) dried cassava peels as carrier material. During the 14 days fermentation, both test organisms increased in biomass in this medium as indicated by increases in phosphatase activity and drop in pH. Ground cassava peels satisfied many properties required of carrier material particularly in respect of the organisms under study. Biofertilizer produced using A. niger significantly (p < .05) improved the growth of pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] in pot experiments but product made with A. fumigatus did not. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Esebelahie N.O.,Nnamdi Azikiwe University
The Libyan journal of medicine | Year: 2013

Candidiasis is the commonest opportunistic fungal infection in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). CD4+ lymphocyte counts have been found to be a marker of HIV disease progression. This study focused on determining the spectrum of Candida isolates in urine, stool, and oral specimens among HIV patients in a tertiary hospital. A total of 300 subjects comprising of 200 HIV patients and 100 non-HIV subjects were used for this study. Three samples (urine, stool, and oral swab) were collected from each subject. Each specimen was processed using standard microbiological techniques and emergent Candida isolates were identified with CHROMagar™ Candida and sugar fermentation tests. The overall prevalence of Candida colonisation among HIV patients was 52.5%. HAART-naive patients had a significantly higher prevalence (OR = 3.65; 95% CI = 2.03-6.56; p<0.0001) than their counterpart on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) (OR = 1.99; 95% CI = 1.13-3.50; p=0.0232). Female gender was a significant risk factor for acquiring Candida infection (OR = 3.40; 95% CI = 1.14-10.13; p=0.0289). The effect of age on prevalence of candidiasis was observed among HIV patients on HAART (p=0.0161). A CD4+ count <200 cells/μl was a significant risk factor for acquiring candidal infection only among HAART-naive patients (OR = 4.37; 95% CI = 1.60-11.95; p=0.0042). The five species of Candida recovered from this study were C. albicans, C. krusei, C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, and C. glabrata. There is a significant relationship between antiretroviral therapy, CD4+ counts, and the prevalence of candidiasis. Source

Nwosu B.O.,Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2012

In order to scale up Antenatal services, there is need to determine the factors that deter women from accessing antenatal care. To determine the proximate factors that affect utilization of antenatal care among market women in Nnewi, southeastern Nigeria. MATERIALS/METHOD: A cross sectional survey of 400 market women using semi structured questionnaires and focus group discussions. Out of the 398 studied women, 97.2% attended antenatal care in their last pregnancy. Most (64.5%) of them booked after the third trimester and majority of the women received antenatal care from the private specialist hospitals (37.4%), followed by the private general practice hospitals (34.7%) and government hospitals (17.8%). The main reasons for choosing antenatal care facilities were the perceived friendliness of the staff (33.9%), availability of staff always (27.4%) and proximity of the facility (17.4%). Financial considerations accounted for 4.5% of the reasons for the choice of facility. There was no significant influence of age, parity and religion on the utilization of antenatal care. However, the likelihood of ANC attendance was significantly lower among the house wives (x2 = 14.2; p = 0.0). There was no association between choice of facility for ANC and age, parity, occupation or religion. The main reasons identified by the FGD discussants for preferring the private hospitals were more friendly and available staff. Also late booking was mainly attributed to wrong advice from friends and husbands refusal to provide money. Antenatal care attendance rate was high among the studied women and most of the women utilize private hospitals for care. Staff friendliness and availability at all times were the main reasons for choice of ANC facilities. There is the need to address the negative attitudes of the staff in government hospitals. Source

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