Aziz U.B.A.,NMCH |
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015
Among the various methods of identification, cheiloscopy is one of the most interesting emerging techniques. It is a method to establish the identity of a person based on the presence of grooves on the red part of human lips as various studies have revealed the unique nature of lip prints just like finger or footprints. Edmond Locard of France was the first to recommend the use of lip prints for individual identification. Since 1950, the Japanese has carried out extensive research in the matter. Lip prints at a scene of crime, apart from identification, may help to point as to the nature of crime, sex of the person involved, type of cosmetics used, habits or any pathological changes of lips. Credibility of lip prints as a human identification tool for evidential purposes is yet to be accepted by courts in India as literature reveals very little research done in this field. There is a need to review the various methods of recording and collection of the lip prints at the crime scene and also the means to develop the latent lip prints. This paper reviews in detail all the important aspects of cheiloscopy like its scope in crime investigation, limitations and current research carried out in this field. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.
PubMed | National Health Laboratory, Hanoi Medical University, Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology, University of California at Los Angeles and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Open forum infectious diseases | Year: 2015
Recently, test developers have created rapid point-of-care tests that can simultaneously detect multiple infections within the same specimen using a single device. The SD BIOLINE Duo HIV/Syphilis rapid point-of-care test uses a solid-phase immunochromatographic assay to detect immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgM, and IgA antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific antigens (HIV-1 gp41, sub O, HIV-2 gp36) and recombinant Treponema pallidum antigen (17 kDa) in human serum. This study was a multisite laboratory-based evaluation of the performance of SD BIOLINE HIV/Syphilis Duo test using previously characterized sera in 6 countries.Laboratories in Ghana, Mexico, Laos, Togo, Kenya, and Myanmar participated in the evaluation during 2012-2013. Each site characterized sera using T pallidum particle agglutination assay or T pallidum hemagglutination assay and HIV enzyme immunoassay, Western blot, and/or HIV antibody rapid tests. Those gold standard test results were compared with SD BIOLINE Duo test results. We calculated the sensitivity and specificity of test performance and used the exact binomial method to calculate 95% confidence intervals (CIs).The sensitivity and specificity for the HIV antibody test component (n = 2336) were estimated at 99.91% (95% CI, 99.51% and 100%) and 99.67% (95% CI, 99.16% and 99.91%), respectively. For the T pallidum test component (n = 2059), the sensitivity and specificity were estimated at 99.67% (95% CI, 98.82% and 99.96%) and 99.72% (95% CI, 99.29% and 99.92%), respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of the SD BIOLINE HIV/Syphilis Duo test were consistently high across sera specimens from 6 countries around the world. Dual rapid tests should be considered for improved HIV and syphilis screening coverage.
Aziz U.B.A.,NMCH |
Khan M.K.,GFIMSR |
Hanif S.A.,Jn Medical College |
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2014
The availability of poisons and the deficiency of health services in the developing world is leading to a great economic and social set back. It has been found that easy access to large number of pesticides, rodenticides and other daily use chemicals and their ignorant use is leading to hazardous outcome in form of increased number of cases of poisoning related deaths. Recent industrialization and over use of insecticides has lead to a extensive proliferation of toxic chemicals. There is urgent need to devise mechanisms soon for strict regulation of availability and use of these chemicals. Other forms of poisoning includes over dose of prescription drugs such as hypnotics and anti-anxiety agents. Therefore there is need to put emphasis on regulation of dispensing these drugs over the counter and also developing newer antidotes for drug overdoses. With the above considerations there is need for further deepening our thought on prevention and regulation of drugs and chemicals. The study conducted in our setup, which is placed in north central India shows poisoning cases in the young age group (20-30 years). The incidence of poisoning was found more in cases from the rural area than urban. Married person showed more incidence than unmarried. Manner of death being most commonly suicidal followed by accidental and homicidal poisoning. Aluminum phosphide showed the highest incidence as compared to other agents of poisoning. © 2014, World Informations Syndicate, All Rights Reserved.
Aziz U.B.A.,NMCH |
Aslami A.N.,NMCH |
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2016
The present study was carried out to determine the profile and outcome of acute paediatric poisoning presented in paediatrics emergency department of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh. A retrospective study was carried out on 102 cases of acute poisoning among victims less than 18 years of age from period 1st July 2006 to 30th June 2007. Out of 102 cases, 39.2% cases were accidental, 56.9% cases were suicidal while 3.9% cases were homicidal. There were 59.8% males while 40.2% female. Among children less than 12 years of age, all were cases of accidental poisoning and among them 81.5% were in the age group of 1-6 years. Among age group 12-18 years, most common manner of poisoning was suicidal. The exact nature of consumed substances could not be assessed in 18.7% of our patients. 19.6% children died. We need to take preventive measures for intentional and accidental poisoning in chidren and adolescents. There is a need to spread awareness in our community about the emerging epidemic of childhood poisoning. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.
Sagarika S.S.H.,Sri Ramachandra University |
Mallikarjuna Rao N.,Acharya Nagarjuna University |
Prasad Naidu M.,NMCH
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and the risk for cardiovascular disease is increased three to four fold in non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus as compared to non diabetic population. Lowering levels of uric acid may slow progression of renal disease, especially in patients with hyperuricemia. Alanine Amino Transferase to predict the development of type 2 diabetes independent of BMI and alcohol intake. numerical variable will be summarized as the mean, median and standard deviations for all subjects and student't' test significance of study parameters Altered uric acid levels observed in the type 2 diabetes subjects may be due to deterioration in glucose metabolism associated with hyper insulinemia, metabolic syndrome and its impact on the renal excretion of uric acid. Increasing evidence suggests that Levels of ALT and Uric acid were found to be altered in type 2 diabetic subjects.
Kumar A.,NMCH |
Khatuja R.,GTB Hospital |
Mehta S.,GTB Hospital
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2014
Thyroid dysfunction is the second most common endocrine disorder, only after diabetes mellitus, affecting females in reproductive age group. Pregnancy is associated with profound repercussions on the thyroid status of a lady. Thyroid dysfunctions such as hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis and thyroid nodules may develop during pregnancy leading to abortion, placental abruptions, pre-eclampsia, preterm delivery and reduced intellectual function in the offspring. Thus, maintenance of euthyroid state is of utmost important for maternal and fetal well being during pregnancy as well as after. The Endocrine Society has issued latest guidelines regarding the diagnosis and management of thyroid dysfunction related to pregnancy. All the clinicians should be well aware of the latest recommendations regarding management of thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy and in postpartum phase and practice them accordingly. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.
PubMed | NMCH
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics | Year: 2014
Thyroid dysfunction is the second most common endocrine disorder, only after diabetes mellitus, affecting females in reproductive age group. Pregnancy is associated with profound repercussions on the thyroid status of a lady. Thyroid dysfunctions such as hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis and thyroid nodules may develop during pregnancy leading to abortion, placental abruptions, pre-eclampsia, preterm delivery and reduced intellectual function in the offspring. Thus, maintenance of euthyroid state is of utmost important for maternal and fetal well being during pregnancy as well as after. The Endocrine Society has issued latest guidelines regarding the diagnosis and management of thyroid dysfunction related to pregnancy. All the clinicians should be well aware of the latest recommendations regarding management of thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy and in postpartum phase and practice them accordingly.
PubMed | NMCH
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Asian journal of neurosurgery | Year: 2016
Baastrups disease is an uncommon entity in the elderly spine and it is very rare in the pediatric age group. There are only few case reports in the literature containing Baastrups disease in pediatric spine. Baastrups disease is also known as kissing spine because the posterior spinous processes touch or kiss one another, characterized by enlarged posterior spinous projections with normal neuroforamina and normal spinal disk height. There are various pathological and etiological hypotheses behind Baastrups disease. Backache is one of the most common causes of morbidity in these patients and but sometimes patient can be asymptomatic with or without swelling on the back. Here, we present a case of 10-year-old female child with silent swelling on low back region diagnose as Baastrups disease.