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Sasaram, India

Sagarika S.S.H.,Sri Ramachandra University | Mallikarjuna Rao N.,Acharya Nagarjuna University | Prasad Naidu M.,NMCH
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2014

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and the risk for cardiovascular disease is increased three to four fold in non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus as compared to non diabetic population. Lowering levels of uric acid may slow progression of renal disease, especially in patients with hyperuricemia. Alanine Amino Transferase to predict the development of type 2 diabetes independent of BMI and alcohol intake. numerical variable will be summarized as the mean, median and standard deviations for all subjects and student't' test significance of study parameters Altered uric acid levels observed in the type 2 diabetes subjects may be due to deterioration in glucose metabolism associated with hyper insulinemia, metabolic syndrome and its impact on the renal excretion of uric acid. Increasing evidence suggests that Levels of ALT and Uric acid were found to be altered in type 2 diabetic subjects. Source


Aziz U.B.A.,NMCH | Aslami A.N.,NMCH | Ali S.M.,JNMC
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2016

The present study was carried out to determine the profile and outcome of acute paediatric poisoning presented in paediatrics emergency department of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh. A retrospective study was carried out on 102 cases of acute poisoning among victims less than 18 years of age from period 1st July 2006 to 30th June 2007. Out of 102 cases, 39.2% cases were accidental, 56.9% cases were suicidal while 3.9% cases were homicidal. There were 59.8% males while 40.2% female. Among children less than 12 years of age, all were cases of accidental poisoning and among them 81.5% were in the age group of 1-6 years. Among age group 12-18 years, most common manner of poisoning was suicidal. The exact nature of consumed substances could not be assessed in 18.7% of our patients. 19.6% children died. We need to take preventive measures for intentional and accidental poisoning in chidren and adolescents. There is a need to spread awareness in our community about the emerging epidemic of childhood poisoning. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source


Aziz U.B.A.,NMCH | Tripathy C.B.,NMCH
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

Among the various methods of identification, cheiloscopy is one of the most interesting emerging techniques. It is a method to establish the identity of a person based on the presence of grooves on the red part of human lips as various studies have revealed the unique nature of lip prints just like finger or footprints. Edmond Locard of France was the first to recommend the use of lip prints for individual identification. Since 1950, the Japanese has carried out extensive research in the matter. Lip prints at a scene of crime, apart from identification, may help to point as to the nature of crime, sex of the person involved, type of cosmetics used, habits or any pathological changes of lips. Credibility of lip prints as a human identification tool for evidential purposes is yet to be accepted by courts in India as literature reveals very little research done in this field. There is a need to review the various methods of recording and collection of the lip prints at the crime scene and also the means to develop the latent lip prints. This paper reviews in detail all the important aspects of cheiloscopy like its scope in crime investigation, limitations and current research carried out in this field. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source


Vandana,NMCH | Kumar A.,NMCH | Khatuja R.,UCMS | Mehta S.,UCMS
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2014

Thyroid dysfunction is the second most common endocrine disorder, only after diabetes mellitus, affecting females in reproductive age group. Pregnancy is associated with profound repercussions on the thyroid status of a lady. Thyroid dysfunctions such as hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis and thyroid nodules may develop during pregnancy leading to abortion, placental abruptions, pre-eclampsia, preterm delivery and reduced intellectual function in the offspring. Thus, maintenance of euthyroid state is of utmost important for maternal and fetal well being during pregnancy as well as after. The Endocrine Society has issued latest guidelines regarding the diagnosis and management of thyroid dysfunction related to pregnancy. All the clinicians should be well aware of the latest recommendations regarding management of thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy and in postpartum phase and practice them accordingly. © 2014 Springer-Verlag. Source

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