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Navsari, India

Tandel A.,A.P.S. University | Topivala M.,NMCA | Mehta A.,NMCA | Mogal C.,NMCA | Khunt M.,MCA
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2014

Cellulose is the major constituent found in the Lignocellulosic biomass should be degraded by microorganism isolated from various sources such as farm yard manure and rhizosphere of the sugarcane. Total 7 bacteria was isolated among these 3 bacteria from farm yard manure designated as Fym1, Fym2, Fym3 and 4 bacteria from sugarcane rhizosphere sr1, sr2, sr3, sr4 having higher potential for cellulose decomposition examined on the Cellulose Congored plate showed the clear zone. Effect of different parameter such as pH, Substrate concentration, temperature on bacterial growth. All the 7 strain of the bacteria could grow on high pH 8 to 10, so it may be placed in the group of alkalophilic. Concentration of substrate 1 to 2 % showed the higher growth of the bacteria. While at bacteria also survived at higher temperature, but maximum enzyme activity should be achieved at 37°C.

Patil V.A.,NMCA | Mehta B.P.,NMCA | Deshmukh A.J.,NMCA
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2010

A field experiment was laid out with the chemicals, which were found effective under laboratory screening to test relative field efficacy of di fferent fungicides in controlling the Phoma leaf spot disease of Indian bean during summer season. Six fungicides at various concentrations were screened against Phoma tropica. The minimum per cent disease intensity (PDI) and maximum per cent disease control (PDC) was recorded in the field plots, which were sprayed with carbendazim (Bavistin 50 % WP@ 0.05%) and flusilazole (Nustar 40% EC @ 0.05%).

Deshmukh A.J.,NMCA | Mehta B.P.,NMCA | Patil V.,NMCA
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2010

Investigation on anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. and Sacc.) of Indian bean (Lablab purpureus L) under south Gujarat conditions was carried out in the Plant Pathology Lab., Deptt. of Plant Pathology, N. M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari during the year 2008-09 to find out suitable management strategies. Due to hazardous effect of chemical fungicides, search for safer alternative to control the pathogen is better choice. This led to trials on the use of bioagents to control the pathogen. The bioagents such as Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma longibrachyatum, Gliocladium virens, Chaetomium globosum, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Aspergillus niger, and Bacillus subtilis were evaluated by dual culture, pathogen at periphery and pathogen at the centre technique respectively to monitor antagonistic effect. The results revealed that out of all the eight bioagents used, three bioagents in the three techniques respectively were able to inhibit the growth of the pathogen mycelia significantly, T. viride by (60.69, 58.57, 63.83), T. harzianum by (58.12, 52.27, 58.87) and A. niger by (55.56, 50.46, 57.44) per cent.

Yelmame M.G.,NMCA | Mehta B.P.,NMCA | Deshmukh A.J.,NMCA | Patil V.A.,NMCA
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2010

Investigation on wilt (F. solani) of chilli (C.frutescens L.) under south Gujarat conditions was carried out in Dept, of Plant Pathology Lab., N. M. College of Agriculture, NAU, Navsari in 2004 to find out suitable management strategies. It is difficult to control F. solani as it is having soil inhabiting nature. This led to trials on the use of organics to control the pathogen. The extracts of different organics of neem cake, mustard cake, FYM, groundnut cake, poultry manure, press mud, castor cake and coconut cake were tested against F. solani by poisoned food technique in in vitro. Least growth of the pathogen was recorded in the extracts of neem cake showing excellent inhibitory effect i.e 59.8 % against F. solani. Next best in order of merit was mustard cake (52.61 %) followed by FYM (49.40 %), groundnut cake (44.80 %), poultry manure (42.29 %), and least by other cakes.

Shinde R.D.,NMCA | Kolambe B.N.,NMCA | Jondhale D.G.,NMCA | Parmar V.P.,NMCA
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2014

A field experiment was conducted at Certified Organic Farm, ASPEE College of Horticulture and Forestry, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari to study the effect of different organics on growth, yield and economics of wheat (GW-496) during rabi season of 2011-12 and 2012-13. The results revealed that treatment receiving application of 100% BC:VC:CC in equal proportion on equivalent basis of RDN as well as spraying of 1% enriched banana pseudostem sap significantly increased the growth and yield parameters, wheat yield as well as net benefit as compared to rest of the organics N treatments and different liquid formulations sprays, respectively. While, organic treatments also produced numerically higher growth and yield of wheat as well as maximum net benefit (Rs. 35170 ha1) and benefit:cost ratio (1.87) than chemical control. Copyright © EM International.

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