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Kulikovskiy M.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Lange-Bertalot H.,University Of Szczecin | Witkowski A.,University Of Szczecin | Khursevich G.K.,nk Belarus State Pedagogical University | Kociolek J.P.,University of Colorado at Boulder
Phycologia | Year: 2015

In this article, we describe four species of Eunotia new to science from Lake Baikal based on light and scanning electron microscopic examination of valve morphology. Unlike most other species of the genus, all of the newly described species possess widely spaced transapical striae, a feature unique for Eunotia. Amongst the characters upon which we distinguish the new species from Lake Baikal are size ranges, raphe structure and position, stria density and the presence/absence of rimoportulae. Only a few established taxa, such as E. minor, E. submonodon and E. incisa, show weak morphological similarities to the newly described species. Hence, phylogenetic relationships are difficult to assess. All new species are described from recent samples; these are E. dorsicrenata sp. nov., E. leptocrenata sp. nov., E. pseudincisa sp. nov. and E. immanis sp. nov. One of the new taxa (E. dorsicrenata) occurs in the geological record dated to c. 7.7 million years ago. For the other species, information of their distribution in the geological record is missing. However, none of the species described in this article were observed outside of Lake Baikal, even in lakes occurring in the Baikal rift zone. These species are found in a deeper part of the lake, adding support to the notion of the immiscibility of Baikal's flora and fauna. We also discuss the idea of species flocks in diatoms and whether this group of species of Eunotia may represent a species flock in Lake Baikal. © 2015 International Phycological Society.

Kociolek J.P.,University of Colorado at Boulder | Khursevich G.K.,nk Belarus State Pedagogical University
Phytotaxa | Year: 2013

During consideration of fossil centric diatoms from a variety of non-marine localities in the western USA, we encountered four new species and two previously known taxa that should be assigned to the genus Cyclotella (F.T. Kützing) A. de Brébisson. We detail the morphological features of these species, and discuss their relevance to other members of the Cyclotella. These fossil species are studied in light and scanning electron microscopes, and can be assigned to several morphological groups with respect mainly to the structure of alveolae as well as positon(s) of rimoportula(e) and marginal fultoportulae. Presence of loculate areolae with internal domed cribra and external foramina, or both areolae and valve face fultoportulae in the central area are characteristics found in all of these Cyclotella taxa. © 2013 Magnolia Press.

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