Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE-2009-2-2-01 | Award Amount: 7.98M | Year: 2010
NeuroFAST is a multidisciplinary project, involving ten teams from seven countries, to explore the neurobiology of addiction and eating behaviour and the complex socio-psychological forces that can lead to its dysregulation. These forces include dietary components (including highly palatable foods and alcohol), some of which may have addictive properties, but also cultural and social pressures, everyday stressors, and family-genetic influences on these. The project will provide new data from human studies, including human nutritional studies, that is needed to inform health policy initiatives. This will be underpinned by state-of-the art mechanistic research to establish a solid scientific basis for this advice. The European added value lies in building up the necessary critical mass in several fields of expertise: psychology, epidemiology, human genetics related to eating disorders, human nutrition, eating and addictive behaviour disorders, endocrinology, human brain imaging, together with studies of the basic mechanisms of eating behaviour and addiction, (neuro)endocrine regulators, stress, opiate dependence, and cannabinoid actions. To provide scientific support for European public health policies, a focus will be on a socio-psychological analysis of determinants of food addiction and substance abuse, and of how risk factors like stress in the workplace are driving addictive behaviour. We will establish an evidence base for inter-relationships, linking eating disorder research with obesity research, stress research and addiction research, and involving studies of selected individual food components using novel designed foods with controlled components. In summary, we will use a synergistic combination of controlled laboratory studies, characterization of patient groups, and examination of real-world scenarios based on epidemiological community samples that will be relevant to policy development.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.29M | Year: 2013
Fermented food (e.g. cheese, yoghurt, bread, wine) constitute a large part of our diet. They are converted from a substrate (milk, fruits, cereals) by the action of micro-organisms (yeast or lactic acid bacteria). When such starter cultures also exert a health benefit (eg. prevention of diarrhea) they are known as probiotic strains. Throughout the EU starters and probiotic strains are mainly supplied by SMEs to end-users for application in food products. The SMEs compete with a few large companies providing such cultures. The competitive edge of SMEs is at risk in part due to stricter safety rules to be imposed by EFSA. EFSA will demand full genome characterisation to exclude presence of sequences posing a potential health risk (such as virulence factors, antibiotic resistance and toxins) and to allow traceability of distinct strains as proprietary strains are unique. Genome analyses and bio-informatics are not the current core of SMEs in this consortium as they have focus on primarily cost effectiveness. GENOBOX exploits the strength of four SME starter culture companies and probiotic producers in this sector combined with skills and expertise of two renowned RTD performers. The RTD performers will sequence and analyse 48 bacterial strains provided by SMEs and coming from culture collections. A genomics toolbox will be created, allowing every SME to exclusively study the detailed results on their own strains while benefitting from results of the collective. The SMEs will perform in-house experiments and demonstrations to validate the results of the project for optimised production yields. Also workshops will be organised by the RTD performers to develop data-exploitation strategies for the SMEs involved. During this project the SMEs will be able to abide to EFSA ruling, enable to patent their strains for specific purposes, exploit strain functionalities and health benefits and maximise their production yields by optimising strain survival during processing.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 3.56M | Year: 2012
Soft nanotechnology is generally considered as a field that will have a major impact on technological developments in near future. However, the fundamental understanding of the wealth of new structures lacks far behind, despite supporting activity from material science. Such an understanding is indispensable for sustainable growth of this important research domain and its applications. A physics-oriented interdisciplinary education is urgently needed to guide young researchers to the point where they can tackle the relevant fundamental questions. SOMATAI is set up to provide just such training by combining two distinct scientific fields: Soft matter science is a well established interdisciplinary field for the bulk investigation of polymers, colloids, and liquid crystals with response amplitude and time to external stimuli as a function of soft matter structure being of special interest. The second highly relevant field is interface science, since nano-structured materials contain a huge area of internal interfaces which have an essential impact on material properties. The application of the soft matter approach to interfaces promises new and deeper understanding of interfacial phenomena. Interfaces of a water phase to a solid, liquid or gaseous second phase are of special interest and a focal point of SOMATAI. Such interfaces are highly relevant to products from European industry (food, cosmetics, paints) and processes (washing, coating, water purification). They have an outstanding importance from a scientific point of view due to specific interactions at such interfaces. This carefully planned teaching and research programme in a network of 10 leading academic partners, 1 large scale companies, 2 SMEs, and 4 top-level associated partners from Germany, Taiwan and the USA will ensure that young researchers are given an excellent training in a pioneering research domain of high scientific and technological relevance, where Europe can take a leading position.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2011.2.3-04 | Award Amount: 8.03M | Year: 2012
The SATIN project has been devised to develop food products produced by novel food processing that control satiety through modification of food structure. To achieve this the SATIN project will: 1. Integrate advanced technologies to screen novel food structures through in vitro models to isolate and refine products according to their satiating potential. 2. Develop novel food processing technologies that combine active ingredients and change food structure to produce a range of novel satiety enhancing ingredients. 3. Produce finished foods products that pass through safety analysis, early sensory evaluation and consumer testing. 4. Demonstrate the effects of prototype products on biomarkers of satiety and on nutrient bioavailability using in vivo studies and validating new in vivo approaches. 5. Demonstrate the effects of final foods products on within-meal satiation, post-meal satiety and / or reduced appetite and biomarkers of satiety. 6. Demonstrate the enduring effects of individual food products on satiety and their potential to induce weight loss. 7. Demonstrate the long-term consumer and health benefits of adhering to a diet containing satiety enhancing products. 8. Validate health claim endpoints and commercialise technologies and products. The SATIN consortium consists of 7 SMEs and 4 commercial partners ensuring that advanced technologies developed to process and screen novel food products are applied to the food industry and improve European economic competitiveness. The safety and efficacy of products developed will be rigorously examined by 7 leading international academic research teams ensuring consumers will have new high quality processed foods to help them achieve a balanced diet.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE-2007-2-3-05 | Award Amount: 8.52M | Year: 2009
DREAM a trans-disciplinary partnership involving two multinationals and nine countries will develop realistic, physical and mathematical, food models for use as standards to be exploited across all major food categories to facilitate development of common approaches to risk/benefit assessment and nutritional quality in food research and industry. These models will enhance knowledge on process-structure-property relationships from the molecular to macroscopic level and facilitate creation of generic food matrices with functional and nutritional properties based on tailored microstructure. To address as wide a range of food products as possible, 4 generic structure groups will be used representing plant-based foods; meat; dairy and bakery products; for each, the most relevant types of products will be selected using criteria including structural characteristics and industrial and societal needs, ensuring that benefits/risks, economic importance and sustainability are taken into consideration. The model development will be conducted in close collaboration with food manufacturers through a specification-based approach. The objective of the mathematical approach is to realise a complete dynamic description of food processing using an innovative strategy exploiting most recent advances in cognitive and complex system sciences to allow the generalised methodologies to be extended to other food products. Models and protocols developed within DREAM will be disseminated by expert partners via existing channels (EFFoST, ETP and national platforms, CIAA and national federations, EFSA, national regulatory bodies) to be used by scientists, SMEs and multinationals to improve nutritional quality and benefit-risk management of the food chain. The involvement of ETP Food for Life will ensure the approach is extended to all foods by 2015. Training for young members of DREAM will equip them with scientific and other complementary skills necessary for career development within the ERA.