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Sousa M.,niversity of Fernando Pessoa | Viana R.,niversity of Fernando Pessoa | Viana S.,niversity of Fernando Pessoa | Da Roza T.,University of Porto | And 5 more authors.
Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics | Year: 2015

Urinary Incontinence (UI) is a prevalent condition among active women, especially in young nulliparous athletes. However, up to now, only a few studies conducted pelvic floor muscles training (PFMT) in athletes with UI. So, the present study evaluated the effect of a comprehensive PFMT protocol on UI symptoms in young nulliparous athletes using biomechanical models. This was a experimental and longitudinal pre and post-test evaluations study with 9 young nulliparous athletes divided in 2 intervention groups: one group had supervision of a physiotherapist and another does not. The participants answered the questionnaires: CONTILIFE to investigate the quality of life, the Self-efficacy Scale of Broome to evaluate the capacity of pelvic floor muscles (PFM) contraction, the IPAQ-SF to quantify the physical activity level and socio-demographic characteristics, to characterize the sample. Additionally, they were clinically assessed by Pad-test to quantify urine loss and by the Oxford Grading Scale and Perineometry to evaluate the strength of PFM contraction. It was used the T-test for two independent samples and the Manny-Whitney test to compare the groups, as well as the Spearman Correlation to correlational analysis. The level of significance was p ≤ 0.05. Seven athletes concluded the 8 weeks-protocol. The protocol shown to be effective in reduce the loss of urine. Further research is necessary to determine the specific PFMT protocol in women that perform exercise. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. Source


Andrade R.,niversity of Fernando Pessoa | Viana R.,niversity of Fernando Pessoa | Viana S.,niversity of Fernando Pessoa | da Roza T.,University of Porto | And 2 more authors.
Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics | Year: 2015

To date, several relevant models to the female pelvic support system have been built. Recently, scientific literature has demonstrated biomechanical models as an alternative to better understand and assess the pelvic floor muscles. Biomechanical modelling is a useful approach for investigate the association between pelvic floor defects and stress urinary incontinence or prolapse. Computational models are already a reality and in the future may represent a significant tool for the study of pelvic floor pathophysiology. However, only a few studies used biomechanical models to assess the pelvic floor muscles. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. Source

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