Jean J.,niversite Laval Genie Tissulaire et Rege neration |
Bernard G.,niversite Laval Genie Tissulaire et Rege neration |
Duque-Fernandez A.,niversite Laval Genie Tissulaire et Rege neration |
Auger F.A.,niversite Laval Genie Tissulaire et Rege neration |
And 2 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2011
Previous studies have reported that well-defined culture conditions can improve keratinocytes terminal differentiation and reproducibility. The aim of our study was to compare skin substitutes cultured in a complete medium with those cultured in a serum-free medium at the air-liquid interface to optimize the self-assembly method. Skin substitutes, cultured in a serum-free medium over 7, 14, and 21 days, were compared with others cultured in a complete medium (5% serum) over the complete culture period. Masson's Trichrome staining showed that the substitutes cultured in a serum-free medium generated a well-developed and differentiated epidermis. Immunolabeling analyses between the substitutes cultured without serum and those cultured in complete serum showed similar expression of epidermal differentiation markers, dermo-epidermal junction, and dermal extracellular matrix components. On the basis of our Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) results, the skin substitutes cultured in serum-free condition over 21 days of culture at the air-liquid interface showed lower frequencies of the CH2 symmetric mode of vibrations, which means a better lipid organization of the stratum corneum. No significant difference in hydrocortisone penetration was observed between serum-free medium substitutes and the controls. Results demonstrate that the absence of serum does not compromise the characteristics of the skin substitutes observed in this study. © 2011 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.