Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital

Nishinomiya, Japan

Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital

Nishinomiya, Japan

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Monden M.,Osaka University | Sakon M.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital | Sakata Y.,Misawa City Hospital | Ueda Y.,Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory Inc. | Hashimura E.,Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory Inc.
Hepatology Research | Year: 2012

Aim: The efficacy and safety of 5-fluorouracil arterial infusion+interferon therapy (FAIT) was evaluated in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with a high degree of vascular invasion associated with poor prognosis, using best salvage therapy (BST) as a reference group. Methods: Sixty-nine patients with advanced HCC with a high degree of vascular invasion (Vp3, Vp4, Vv3) were randomly assigned to a FAIT group or a BST group. The FAIT group received interferon-α and 5-fluorouracil combination therapy; the BST group received either combination therapy of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (low-dose FP therapy) or cisplatin for arterial infusion. Results: Thirty patients in the FAIT group and 31 patients in the BST group were included in the efficacy analysis. The response rate (primary endpoint) was 26.7% (eight out of 30 patients) for the FAIT group and 25.8% (eight out of 31) for the BST group. The number of occurrences of adverse events of grade 3 or higher was 115 in 30 patients in the FAIT group and 113 in 29 patients in the BST group. None of the deaths were related to the study therapy. Conclusions: FAIT exerts modest antitumor effects and poses no particular safety concerns. FAIT may be a strategy of choice worth trying for advanced HCC with high degree of vascular invasion, which is associated with poor prognosis. © 2011 The Japan Society of Hepatology.

Tsujitani M.,Osaka Electro-Communication University | Tanaka Y.,Clinical Data | Sakon M.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine | Year: 2012

We discuss a flexible method for modeling survival data using penalized smoothing splines when the values of covariates change for the duration of the study. The Cox proportional hazards model has been widely used for the analysis of treatment and prognostic effects with censored survival data. However, a number of theoretical problems with respect to the baseline survival function remain unsolved. We use the generalized additive models (GAMs) with B splines to estimate the survival function and select the optimum smoothing parameters based on a variant multifold cross-validation (CV) method. The methods are compared with the generalized cross-validation (GCV) method using data from a long-term study of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). © 2012 Masaaki Tsujitani et al.

Okada K.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

A 64-year-old man was diagnosed as having advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal and para-aortic lymph node metastases. He received 2 courses of chemotherapy with S-1 and cisplatin( CDDP) and 5 courses of combination chemotherapy with capecitabine, CDDP, and trastuzumab. The peritoneal and para-aortic lymph node metastases disappeared after chemotherapy, and subsequently, total gastrectomy was performed (pT2N3aM0, stage IIIA). Although the patient received combination chemotherapy with capecitabine and trastuzumab, para-aortic lymph node recurrence was noted 6 months after the operation. Radiation therapy at a total dose of 50 Gy targeted at the para-aortic lymph node metastasis along with S-1 and trastuzumab chemotherapy was administered. No serious adverse effects were observed during chemoradiotherapy. Following chemoradiation therapy, tumor recurrence was not observed. Therefore, chemoradiotherapy is considered an effective treatment for lymph node metastasis from gastric cancer.

Oka Y.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Malignant gastric outlet obstruction( GOO) compromises the ability to eat and drink. Surgical gastrojejunostomy has long been the standard palliative procedure for patients with GOO. However, it might not be applicable for patients with a poor general condition. In Japan, duodenal stenting for malignant GOO has been covered by health insurance since April 2010. In our hospital, 5 patients with malignant GOO underwent duodenal stenting using a WallFlexTM stent( Boston Scientific Corporation). Subsequently, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of duodenal stenting for malignant GOO. Most of the patients in this study were elderly, had systemic inflammation, and were malnourished. We achieved 100% technical and clinical success rates. Four patients were discharged from the hospital. No major complications such as perforation were noted. The median survival time after stenting was 86 days. In conclusion, endoscopic duodenal stenting for malignant GOO is safe and effective, and it could be an option for palliative therapy.

Tanabe K.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital | Miyamoto N.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital
Skeletal Radiology | Year: 2016

Fracture of the humeral medial epicondyle is a relatively common injury in children. Surgery is a good option for treatment, but correct diagnosis is important. Most fractures occur after the ossification of the medial epicondylar apophysis. If a fracture occurs before the ossification of the medial epicondyle, it is undetectable by radiographs. Here we report a case of an unossified medial epicondyle fracture of the humerus. A 9-year-old boy had persistent pain in the medial side of the right elbow after a fall. Despite his pain, he could move his injured elbow with a range from 60 to 90°. Radiographs and computed tomography showed neither fracture nor dislocation in the injured elbow, and soft tissue swelling was the only finding. Neither the trochlea nor the medial epicondyle was ossified. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the medial epicondyle was separated from the medial metaphysis and displaced. This clear finding led us to surgical fixation. Under general anesthesia, valgus stress showed gross instability of the injured elbow. Two years after the operation, he had no complaints and could play sports with the same range of motion as the left elbow. It is important to keep in mind that medial epicondylar fractures may be hidden in a normal radiograph before the ossification of the medial epicondylar apophysis. © 2016 ISS

Introduction: Darexaban (YM150) is an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor in clinical development for prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after major orthopaedic surgery. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of darexaban 15 mg twice daily (bid) in Japanese patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Materials and Methods: In a Phase III, multicentre, randomized, open-label, mechanical prophylaxis-controlled, parallel-group study, adult patients (aged ≤ 40 years) were randomized to darexaban 15 mg bid or mechanical prophylaxis, for 28 days. The primary efficacy outcome was incidence of total VTE at Day 12. Adverse events (AEs) and bleeding events were recorded throughout the study. Results: The total VTE incidence at Day 12 was 2.6% in the darexaban 15 mg bid group (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.32, 9.07), compared with 15.0% (95% CI: 5.71, 29.84) in the mechanical prophylaxis group. During the investigational period, the incidence of all bleeding events was 9.5% in the darexaban 15 mg bid group and 3.9% in the mechanical prophylaxis group. In the darexaban 15 mg bid group, one patient experienced major bleeding and five patients experienced clinically relevant non-major (CRNM) bleeding. No patients in the mechanical prophylaxis group experienced major and/or CRNM bleeding. AEs were reported in 71.4% of patients in the darexaban 15 mg bid group and 76.5% of patients in the mechanical prophylaxis group; the most frequent AEs across both treatment groups were constipation and insomnia. No patients died during the study. Conclusions: Based on these findings, darexaban is expected to be effective for the prevention of VTE in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT00942435) © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Sakon M.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital | Ogawa H.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital | Fujita M.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital | Nagano H.,Osaka University
Hepatology Research | Year: 2013

Survival or disease-free survival is not considered an appropriate surrogate outcome for the locoregional curability (i.e. surgical margin) of hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma because these are greatly influenced by non-metastatic factors like multicentric carcinogenesis (MC) or liver function. Hepatocellular carcinoma metastasizes by hematogenous seeding; therefore, the tumor blood flow (TBF) drainage area is a high-risk area for intrahepatic metastasis, and can be identified by computed tomography under hepatic arteriography and completely resected as part of the surgical margin. The TBF pattern is classified into marginal, portal vein or hypovascular types. Partial hepatectomies were mostly performed in patients with marginal or hypovascular type, whereas anatomical surgery was frequently performed in those with portal vein type. Pathologically, nodules inside the TBF drainage area were moderately or poorly differentiated carcinomas, suggesting intrahepatic metastasis. In contrast, those outside the drainage area were frequently solitary and contained well-differentiated carcinoma, which is consistent with MC. The pattern of tumor recurrences after TBF-based hepatectomy is divided into two distinct groups - "a few nodules" and "many nodules in multiple segments or extrahepatic" - indicating that intrahepatic recurrences develop from MC and from circulating tumor cells in peripheral blood, respectively. Anatomical resection has not shown a survival benefit over that of TBF-based partial hepatectomy. TBF-based hepatectomy enables us to preserve liver function without compromising locoregional curability. © 2012 The Japan Society of Hepatology.

Takeda T.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital | Kakigi A.,University of Tokyo
ORL | Year: 2010

Objective: To evaluate the clinical conditions causing an elevation in the click-evoked summation potential (SP)/action potential (AP) amplitude ratio (SP/AP ratio), the cause of the SP enhancement in Ménière's disease (MD) and the diagnostic efficacy of electrocochleography (ECoG) were discussed. Study Design: Retrospective case review. Setting: An outpatient clinic of the Otolaryngology Department of Kochi Medical School. Patients: ECoG testing was performed in 632 patients (727 ears) with vertigo/dizziness and/or deafness over a 10-year period (1995-2005). Among them, 334 patients had diagnoses of definite MD, including 95 cases of bilateral involvement. Main Outcome Measures: Audiological thresholds and SP/AP ratio. Results: An enhanced SP was observed in 56.3% of patients with MD. The incidence of an enhanced SP was low in patients for whom the disease duration was 2 years or less and the frequency of attacks was once a year or less, but was significantly higher in cases where the disease duration was 2 years or longer and/or the frequency of attacks was several times a year (Games-Howell test, p < 0.05). The incidence of an enhanced SP was significantly elevated in cases with pure-tone average exceeding 31 dB (Kendall's rank correlation test, p < 0.001). However, the enhanced SP, once it appeared, did not always disappear in spite of hearing improvement. Hearing improvement induced by the glycerol test also produced no alteration in an SP/AP ratio, and there was no significant difference between the glycerol test results and the incidence of an enhanced SP (χ2 goodness-of-fit test). Conclusions: The longer the patients were symptomatic or the severer the ear symptoms, the more likely the ECoG was to be positive. The abnormally elevated SP, once it had appeared, persisted for long periods. Spontaneous and glycerol-induced hearing gains did not result in a decrease in SP/AP ratio. These clinical characteristics of ECoG seem to indicate that the enhanced SP in MD might be caused by the malfunction of hair cells, not by the displacement of the basilar membrane toward the scala tympani. © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Tanabe K.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital
Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand | Year: 2011

Finger extensor tendon dislocation at the metacarpophalangeal joint is caused by various etiologies, such as trauma, congenital anomaly, or rheumatoid arthritis. When the dislocation occurs with no etiology, this is called spontaneous dislocation. Although spontaneous extensor tendon dislocation in one, two or three fingers has been described, to our knowledge, simultaneous dislocation in four fingers has not been reported. In this paper, we report a spontaneous ulnar dislocation of all the extensor tendons in the index, long, ring, and small fingers. Repair of the radial sagittal bands of the extensor digitorum communis of the middle and ring fingers reduced dislocation of all the extensor tendons in four fingers.

Sakon M.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital | Kobayashi T.,Hamamatsu Medical Center | Shimazui T.,Institute of Clinical Medicine
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2010

Background: Enoxaparin sodium (enoxaparin) is used worldwide for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Registration trials of enoxaparin have been conducted primarily in Caucasian populations, and its preventive use in Japanese patients has yet to be established. To address this, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of postoperative enoxaparin in Japanese patients undergoing surgery for abdominal cancer. Methods: This multicenter, open-label study randomized 151 Japanese patients undergoing curative surgery for abdominal cancer to enoxaparin 20 mg twice daily for 14 days, started 24-36 hours after surgery (n = 113) or intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) as a reference (n = 38). IPC was performed at least once in both groups between randomization and surgery. The primary efficacy endpoint was the incidence of VTE in the modified intention-to-treat (mITT) population. The primary safety outcome was the incidence of any bleeding during treatment and follow-up. Results: Incidence of VTE was 1.2% (95% CI, 0.03-6.53%) (1/83 patients) in the enoxaparin group and 19.4% (95% CI, 7.45-37.47%) (6/31 patients) in the IPC group. In the safety population, 10/109 patients in the enoxaparin group (9.2%; 95% CI, 4.49-16.23%) and 3/38 patients in the IPC group (7.9%; 95% CI, 1.66-21.38%) experienced a bleeding event. There were no cases of fatal bleeding or bleeding into any critical organ. Conclusions: These favorable efficacy and safety data support the use of enoxaparin (20 mg twice daily for 14 days started 24-36 hours after surgery) in Japanese patients undergoing abdominal or pelvic cancer surgery. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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