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Ennishi D.,Okayama University of Science | Maeda Y.,Okayama University of Science | Niitsu N.,Saitama University | Kojima M.,Tokai University | And 16 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010

The influence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on prognosis and hepatic toxicity in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the rituximab era is unclear. Thus, we analyzed 553 patients, 131 of whom were HCV-positive and 422 of whom were HCV-negative, with DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (RCHOP)-like chemotherapy. Survival outcomes and hepatic toxicity were compared according to HCV infection. The median follow-up was 31 and 32 months for patients who were HCV-positive and HCV-negative, respectively. HCV infection was not a significant risk factor for prognosis (3-year progression-free survival, 69% vs 77%, P = .22; overall survival, 75% vs 84%, P = .07). Of 131 patients who were HCV-positive, 36 (27%) had severe hepatic toxicity (grade 3-4), compared with 13 of 422 (3%) patients who were HCV-negative. Multivariate analysis revealed that HCV infection was a significant risk factor for severe hepatic toxicity (hazard ratio: 14.72; 95% confidence interval, 6.37-34.03; P < .001). An exploratory analysis revealed that pre-treatment transaminase was predictive of severe hepatic toxicity. HCV-RNA levels significantly increased during immunochemotherapy (P = .006). These results suggest that careful monitoring of hepatic function and viral load is indicated during immunochemotherapy for HCV-positive patients. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology. Source


Tsubata Y.,The University of Shimane | Sutani A.,The University of Shimane | Okimoto T.,The University of Shimane | Matsuura M.,Hiroshima City Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2012

Background: Pleomorphic carcinoma (PC) of the lung is a rare tumor that usually has an aggressive clinical course and a poor prognosis. In this study, 75 cases of PC were reviewed to identify its clinical features, and we examined the expression of angiogenic factors. Patients and Methods: We immunohistochemically examined the expression of angiogenic factors in tissue specimens of PC. Results: 66 males and 9 females were examined. The median survival time was 16.5 months. The stage and symptomatical diagnosis were significantly associated with the survival. In the immunohistochemical analyses, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was expressed in many cases of PC. A high score for angiogenesis was significantly related to a poorer prognosis. Conclusion: We conclude that PC should be considered an aggressive disease, and that the stage and symptomatical diagnosis are strong prognostic factors. Furthermore, tumor angiogenesis provides significant prognostic information about the clinical outcome in PC. Source


Shimada K.,Nagoya University | Murase T.,Nishio Municipal Hospital | Matsue K.,Kameda General Hospital | Ichikawa N.,Red Cross | And 14 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2010

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare disease entity with a high incidence of central nervous system (CNS) involvement at diagnosis. To evaluate CNS involvement, particularly recurrence including progression on therapy and relapse of IVLBCL, we retrospectively analyzed 109 patients with IVLBCL receiving chemotherapies with or without rituximab. In 82 patients (75%) without CNS involvement at initial diagnosis, risk of CNS recurrence at 3 years was 25% with a median follow-up in survivors of 39 months (range, 2-158 months). In 27 patients (25%) with CNS involvement at initial diagnosis, risk of CNS recurrence at 1 year was 25% with a median follow-up in survivors of 18 months (range, 10-77 months). Duration from diagnosis to CNS recurrence tended to be short in patients with CNS involvement at diagnosis. No significant difference in risk of CNS recurrence was found between patients receiving chemotherapies with or without rituximab. On multivariate analysis skin involvement at initial diagnosis was identified as a predictive factor for CNS recurrence in patients without CNS involvement at diagnosis (hazard ratio, 5.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.59-17.4; P = 0.007). Survival rate after CNS recurrence at 2 years was 12% in patients without CNS involvement at diagnosis. Central nervous system recurrence is a serious complication in IVLBCL patients and optimal strategies for CNS involvement should be established to obtain further improvements to clinical outcomes in the rituximab era. (Cancer Sci 2010). © 2010 Japanese Cancer Association. Source


Tokunaga T.,Nagoya University | Shimada K.,Nagoya University | Yamamoto K.,Aichi Cancer Center | Chihara D.,Aichi Cancer Center | And 16 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a major type of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). To elucidate the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of AITL in Japan, we retrospectively analyzed 207 patients with AITL. The median patient age was 67 years (range, 34-91 years), with 73% of patients older than 60 years. With a median follow-up of 42 months in surviving patients, 3-year overall survival (OS) was 54% and progression-free survival (PFS) was 38%. The International Prognostic Index (IPI) and the prognostic index for PTCL, not otherwise specified (PIT) were predictive for OS in this analysis. Multivariate analysis found that age older than 60 years, elevated white blood cell (WBC) and IgA levels, the presence of anemia and thrombocytopenia, and extranodal involvement at > 1 site were significant prognostic factors for OS, and IgA, anemia, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy were significant prognostic factors for PFS. A novel prognostic model consisting of the prognostic factors for OS was successfully constructed. In conclusion, IPI and PIT were still useful for prognostication of AITL, and other factors, including those not used in IPI, such as IgA, anemia, WBC count, thrombocytopenia, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy, also significantly affected prognosis. Future investigations for IgA as a unique prognostic factor are warranted. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source


Tsubata Y.,The University of Shimane | Sutani A.,The University of Shimane | Okimoto T.,The University of Shimane | Murakami I.,Higashi Hiroshima Medical Center | And 9 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2015

Background/Aim: Pleomorphic carcinoma (PC) of the lung is a rare tumor that usually has an aggressive clinical course and a poor prognosis. Clinical and pathological features remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether tumor angiogenesis of PC is upregulated compared to that in adenocarcinoma (AD). Materials and Methods: We collected 55 cases of PC and AD in which the patients had undergone either lung resection or autopsy and immunohistochemically examined the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and microvessel density (MVD) in tissue specimens.Results: VEGF was expressed in many cases of both PC and AD with no significant differences between the groups. In contrast, the expression of HIF-1α and MVD were significantly greater in PC than AD. Median survival time of the PC group was 14.7 months and significantly shorter than that of the AD group.Conclusion: MVD and expression of HIF-1α are associated with angiogenesis in PC and confer a poorer prognosis. Tumor angiogenesis provides significant prognostic information regarding clinical outcome in patients with PC. Source

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