Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix and Protein Engineering Project

Toride, Japan

Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix and Protein Engineering Project

Toride, Japan
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Uchida K.,Kitasato University | Matsushita O.,Okayama University | Naruse K.,Kitasato University | Mima T.,Okayama University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A | Year: 2014

Basic fibroblast growth factor 2 (bFGF) is a potent mitogen for mesenchymal cells, and the local application of recombinant bFGF accelerates bone union and defect repair. However, repeated dosing is required for sustained therapeutic effect as the efficacy of bFGF decreases rapidly following its diffusion from bone defect sites. Here, we attempted to develop a collagen-based bone formation system using a fusion protein (collagen binding-bFGF, CB-bFGF) consisting of bFGF and the collagen-binding domain (CBD) of Clostridium histolyticum collagenase. The addition of the CBD to bFGF did not modify its native biological activity, as shown by the capacity of the fusion protein to promote the in vitro proliferation of periosteal mesenchymal cells. The affinity of the fusion protein towards collagen and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) was also confirmed by collagen-binding assays. Moreover, in vivo periosteal bone formation assays showed that the combination of CB-bFGF with a collagen sheet induced periosteal bone formation at protein concentrations lower than those required for bFGF alone. In addition, grafts of DBM loaded with CB-bFGF accelerated new bone formation in rat femurs compared to the same concentration of bFGF administered alone. Taken together, these properties suggest that the CB-bFGF/collagen composite is a promising material for bone repair in the clinical setting. © 2013 The Authors. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Saito W.,Kitasato University | Uchida K.,Kitasato University | Ueno M.,Kitasato University | Matsushita O.,Okayama University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A | Year: 2014

Growth factor delivered with implantable biomaterials has been used to both accelerate and ensure healing of open fractures in human patients. However, a major limitation of implantable biomaterials is the requirement for open surgical placement. Here, we developed an injectable collagen material-based bone formation system consisting of injectable collagen powder with fibril morphology and collagen triple helix conformation, and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) fused to the collagen-binding domain (CBD) of Clostridium histolyticum collagenase. The affinity of the CBD towards collagen was confirmed by the results of collagen-binding assays. Moreover, the combination of the collagen binding-bFGF fusion protein (CB-bFGF) with injectable collagen powder induced bone formation at protein concentrations lower than those required for bFGF alone in mice fracture models. Taken together, these properties suggest that the CB-bFGF/collagen powder composite is a promising injectable material for bone repair in the clinical setting. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 102A: 3049-3055, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


PubMed | Kitasato University, Okayama University of Science and Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix and Protein Engineering Project
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A | Year: 2016

Growth factor delivered in combination with animal-derived collagen materials has been used to accelerate bone fracture healing in human patients. However, the introduction of bovine proteins into humans carries the risk of zoonotic and immunologic complications. Here, we developed a collagen-like polypeptide-based bone formation system consisting of poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly)10 , which mimics the triple helical conformation of collagen, and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) fused to the polycystic kidney disease (PKD) domain and collagen-binding domain (CBD) of Clostridium histolyticum collagenase. Circular dichroism spectral analysis showed that when pepsin-soluble bovine type I collagen was treated at 50C, a positive signal corresponding to the collagen triple helix at 220 nm was not detected. In contrast, poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly)10 retained the 220-nm positive peak, even when treated at 80C. The combination of the collagen binding-bFGF fusion protein (bFGF-PKD-CBD) with poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly)10 induced greater bone formation compared to bFGF alone in mice bone fracture models. Taken together, these properties suggest that the bFGF-PKD-CBD/poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly)10 composite is a promising material for bone repair in the clinical setting. 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 104A: 1372-1378, 2016.

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