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Masujin K.,Japanese National Institute of Animal Health | Kaku-Ushiki Y.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Miwa R.,Japanese National Institute of Animal Health | Okada H.,Japanese National Institute of Animal Health | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

The conformation of abnormal prion protein (PrPSc) differs from that of cellular prion protein (PrPC), but the precise characteristics of PrPSc remain to be elucidated. To clarify the properties of native PrPSc, we attempted to generate novel PrPSc-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) by immunizing PrP-deficient mice with intact PrPSc purified from bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)-affected mice. The generated mAbs 6A12 and 8D5 selectivity precipitated PrPSc from the brains of prion-affected mice, sheep, and cattle, but did not precipitate PrPC from the brains of healthy animals. In histopathological analysis, mAbs 6A12 and 8D5 strongly reacted with prion-affected mouse brains but not with unaffected mouse brains without antigen retrieval. Epitope analysis revealed that mAbs 8D5 and 6A12 recognized the PrP subregions between amino acids 31-39 and 41-47, respectively. This indicates that a PrPSc-specific epitope exists in the N-terminal region of PrPSc, and mAbs 6A12 and 8D5 are powerful tools with which to detect native and intact PrPSc. We found that the ratio of proteinase K (PK)-sensitive PrPSc to PK-resistant PrPSc was constant throughout the disease time course. © 2013 Masujin et al.

Hosseinkhani H.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Hosseinkhani M.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Hattori S.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Matsuoka R.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Kawaguchi N.,Tokyo Womens Medical University
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A | Year: 2010

Despite the success to prevent or limit cardiovascular diseases, the restoration of the function of a damaged heart remains a formidable challenge. Cardiac stem cells (CSCs), with the capacity to differentiate into cardiomyocytes, hold great potential as a source of cells for regenerative medicine. A major challenge facing the clinical application of differentiated CSCs, however, is the ability to generate sufficient numbers of cells with the desired phenotype. We previously established cell lines of CSCs using a c-kit antibody from adult rat hearts for use in regenerative medicine. C-kit -positive cardiac cells are well recognized as CSCs and have the potential to differentiate into cardiomyocytes. Here, before implant these cells in vivo, we first developed three-dimensional culture system (3D) using micro- and nano-scaled material. Sheets of poly(glycolic acid) (PGA) were fabricated by electrospinning. Composites of collagen-PGA were prepared that contained 0, 1.5, 3 or 6 mg of electrospun PGA nanofibers. The nanofibers were added as a sheet that formed a layer within the collagen sponge. The sponges were freeze-dried and then dehydrothermally crosslinked. A scanning electron microscopy (SEM)-based analysis of the surface of the sponges demonstrated a uniform collagenous structure regardless of the amount of PGA nanofibres included. The PGA nanofibers significantly enhanced the compressive strength of the collagen sponge. More CSCs attached to the collagen sponge incorporating 6 mg of PGA nanofibers than the sponge without PGA nanofibers. The attachment and proliferation of CSCs in the 3D culture was enhanced by incubation in a bioreactor perfusion system compared with 3D static and two-dimensional (2D; i.e. tissue culture plates) culture systems. The use of micro- and nano-scale materials in the fabrication of composites together with a 3D culture system is a very promising way to promote the culture of stem cells. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Ueno T.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Kaneko K.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Sata T.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Sata T.,Toyama Institute of Health | And 4 more authors.
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2012

A coiled-coil microtubule-bundling protein, p180, was originally identified as one of the ribosome receptor candidates on the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and is highly expressed in secretory tissues. Recently, we reported that p180 plays crucial roles in upregulating collagen biosynthesis, mainly by facilitating ribosome association on the ER. Here, we provide evidence that p180 is required to form translationally active polysome/translocon complexes on the ER. Assembly of highly-developed polysomes on the ER was severely perturbed upon loss of p180. p180 associates with polysome/translocon complexes through multiple contact sites: it was coimmunoprecipitated with the translocon complex independently of ribosomes, while it can also bind to ribosomal large subunit specifically. The responsible domain of p180 for membrane polysome assembly was identified in the C-terminal coiled-coil region. The degree of ribosome occupation of collagen and fibronectin mRNAs was regulated in response to increased traffic demands. This effect appears to be exerted in a manner specific for a specified set of mRNAs. Collectively, our data suggest that p180 is required to form translationally active polysome/translocon complexes on the ER membrane, and plays a pivotal role in highly efficient biosynthesis on the ER membrane through facilitating polysome formation in professional secretory cells. © 2011 The Author(s).

Taga Y.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Kusubata M.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Ogawa-Goto K.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Hattori S.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2013

We recently developed a novel method for analysis of collagen O-glycosylations, which include galactosyl-hydroxylysine (GHL) and glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine (GGHL), using hydrazide chemistry (Taga, Y., Mol. Cell. Proteomics 2012, 11 (6), M111.010397). Here we investigated an overglycosylation model of collagen produced by cultured skin fibroblasts from osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients using this method. Many GHL/GGHL sites were identified in normal and OI type I collagens by LC-MS analysis after the glycopeptide purification procedure. Further, relative quantification was performed on each identified glycopeptide using stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC). Significant increases of GGHL were observed at respective glycosylation sites of type I collagen in OI, whereas an OI-specific glycosylation site was not found. These results demonstrated that the overglycosylation of type I collagen proceeds only at specific sites, resulting in accumulation of GGHL, rather than because of an increase of nonspecific glycosylation. Although the roles of collagen O-glycosylations in OI and even in normal conditions are still incompletely understood, the location of GHL/GGHL in the collagen sequence is suggested to be important for their functions. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Taga Y.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Kusubata M.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Ogawa-Goto K.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix | Hattori S.,Nippi Research Institute of Biomatrix
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2014

Collagens are the most abundant proteins in animals and are involved in many physiological/pathological events. Although various methods have been used to quantify collagen and its post-translational modifications (PTMs) over the years, it is still difficult to accurately quantify type-specific collagen and minor collagen PTMs. We report a novel quantitative method targeting collagen using stable isotope-labeled collagen named "SI-collagen", which was labeled with isotopically heavy lysine, arginine, and proline in fibroblasts culture. We prepared highly labeled and purified SI-collagen for use as an internal standard in mass spectrometric analysis, particularly for a new approach using amino acid hydrolysis. Our method enabled accurate collagen analyses, including quantification of (1) type-specific collagen (types I and III in this paper), (2) total collagen, and (3) collagen PTMs by LC-MS with high sensitivity. SI-collagen is also applicable to other diverse analyses of collagen and can be a powerful tool for various studies, such as detailed investigation of collagen-related disorders. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

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