News Article | April 17, 2017
VANCOUVER, BC--(Marketwired - April 12, 2017) - Wealth inequality in Canada is largely the result of differences in people's age, where wealth accumulation is a slow and steady process over a long period of time, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank. Wealth, measured by a household's net worth, includes the value of all assets -- house, business, stocks, bonds, savings, etc. -- minus all debts, such as the mortgage, a line of credit and credit card debt. It is, of course, different than income. "Most wealth inequality is explained by totally normal changes in our economic situation as we age -- the 25 year-old with no wealth today will most likely be a 65-year-old with a net worth close to $1 million a few decades from now, and there's nothing worrying about that," said Christopher Sarlo, Fraser Institute senior fellow, economics professor at Nipissing University and author of Understanding Wealth Inequality in Canada. The study finds that in Canada, between 80 and 87 per cent of wealth inequality between people can be explained by the stage of their life -- in other words, their age. For example, most young Canadians have little or no wealth since they are in the early stages of their careers and likely have some debt offsetting any assets they may have. By contrast, older Canadians have very substantial wealth that has been accumulated over a lifetime, including a house and retirement savings with little debt. Canadians usually acquire the most wealth when they hit their peak earning years -- between 55 and 69 -- just before retirement. When they retire, they start to draw down savings and, in effect, become less wealthy again. "When we look at a snapshot in time of our society, we see big differences in wealth -- almost all of which is explained by age," Sarlo said. What's more, wealth inequality in Canada has actually declined over the past four decades. Specifically, between 1970 and 2012 (the latest year of available data), the gap in net worth among Canadians shrunk 17 per cent. In other words, by traditional measures of inequality, the gap between the most well-off, in terms of wealth, and the least well-off has actually been declining. "The fact that wealth inequality in Canada has declined over the past few decades does not correspond to the narrative about growing inequality many people cling to," Sarlo said. To arrange media interviews or for more information, please contact: Follow the Fraser Institute on Twitter and Facebook The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of think-tanks in 87 countries. Its mission is to improve the quality of life for Canadians, their families and future generations by studying, measuring and broadly communicating the effects of government policies, entrepreneurship and choice on their well-being. To protect the Institute's independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit www.fraserinstitute.org
News Article | April 17, 2017
Daria Olah, REALTOR®, Oak Realty Ltd., has joined The Expert Network©, an invitation-only service for distinguished professionals. Ms. Olah has been chosen as a Distinguished Real Estate Professional™ based on peer reviews and ratings, dozens of recognitions, and accomplishments achieved throughout her career. Ms. Olah outshines others in her field due to her numerous awards and recognitions, and outstanding customer service. She attended Nipissing University in Ontario and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice. She went on to receive a Veterinarian Certificate from Algonquin College as well as a Counseling Certificate. Ms. Olah also holds a Teaching Certificate from York University and previously taught elementary school children where she was tasked with listening to and understanding student needs to help them grow and achieve their goals. Ms. Olah brings a wealth of knowledge to her industry, and, in particular, to her area of expertise, the real estate market of Ontario's Elliot Lake. When asked why she decided to pursue a career in real estate, Ms. Olah said: "I love to stay busy. Because of my strong work ethic, I was essentially looking at the careers where the harder I'd work, the more success I would have. Real estate provided me with this opportunity." After spending ten years exploring different career paths outside of the real estate industry, Ms. Olah ultimately returned to her original passion and hasn’t looked back since. Her understanding of the Algoma District and its surrounding communities have fueled her work as a REALTOR®, allowing her to find quick success on her professional path while continuing her lifelong goal of helping people. As a thought-leader in her field, Ms. Olah keeps an eye on industry trends and developments in the local Ontario market. In particular, she has been paying close attention to the recent influx of buyers coming from the Toronto area. She noted: "We have noticed a large increase of buyers from down South. Elliot Lake is known to many as a retirement community and it is easier to find affordable houses here as opposed to most other towns/cities. I find that having a good grasp of the area is very important, especially with those buyers who don't know Elliot Lake and what it has to offer. With a population of only about 11,500, Elliot Lake has a lot to offer. For example, we offer an 18 hole championship golf course, municipal pool, ski hill, many lakes for fishing, and beautiful trails for hiking." After only Residing in Elliot Lake since 2013, Ms. Olah has worked extremely hard to establish herself in the community, offering outstanding customer service and superior marketing. Ms. Olah's core values include trustworthiness, hard work and diligence. Her positive attitude coupled with her genuine care for clients and strong willingness to go that extra mile has accelerated into profound success within only a short period of time. Ms. Olah also exercises a desire to give back to the community and donates to the local animal shelter (Society for Animals in Distress) from every sale she makes. Moving forward, Ms. Olah plans to build upon her reputation as one of the top selling agents in the region with an eye toward increasing her sales numbers each year and solidifying her presence in Elliot Lake’s real estate market. Ms. Olah enjoys spending time with family and friends, being active and being involved with continued success in the real estate industry. The Expert Network© has written this news release with approval and/or contributions from Daria Olah. The Expert Network© is an invitation-only reputation management service that is dedicated to helping professionals stand out, network, and gain a competitive edge. The Expert Network selects a limited number of professionals based on their individual recognitions and history of personal excellence.
News Article | August 1, 2017
MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Aug. 1, 2017) - The August issue of The Canadian Business Journal is available at www.cbj.ca. Click here to enter the publication directly. Click "Full Screen" on the navigation pane for optimal viewing. This month's cover story takes a look at the massive controversy surrounding minimum wage increases and specifically the large wage spikes coming for both Alberta and Ontario. We hear from the two premiers who are approving the increases and also get the opinion of well-known BMO Chief Economist Doug Porter about what may be ahead. In addition to the cover feature, Hendrik Brakel, Senior Director, Economic, Financial & Tax Policy at The Canadian Chamber of Commerce, also contributes an article on the explosive debate regarding minimum wage. Mergers and acquisitions expert Mark Borkowski offers up his advice on suggestions for successful acquisitions and columnist Kevin Huhn provides his opinion on what it takes to shape the future of your business. Dr. Jeffrey Overall, an assistant professor at Nipissing University, contributes a thought-provoking article on high-speed rail - shrinking the rural/urban divide. Mark Burden asks a question you don't often here: 'Are you getting too much from your CRM'? You'll want to read his article to see just what he means. In our Business in Action Section we have a number of comprehensive corporate profiles including: Lignum Interiors, O.N.Site Construction, AuRico Metals, Anaconda Mining, Shoeless Joe's Sports Grill, Arrow Transportation Systems, Real Property Management and Lecours Motor Sales. There is all of that and much more in this edition. As the cornerstone publication of George Media Inc., The Canadian Business Journal is now in its 10th year and is read by thousands of executives nationwide. CBJ offers readers a first-hand look at major industries such as: agriculture, automotive, communications, construction, education, energy, finance, food & beverage, healthcare, human resources, legal, manufacturing, natural resources, products & services, retail, sports & recreation, technology, transportation and much more through our comprehensive Business in Action profiles. George Media Inc. is proud to promote Canadian business nationally and to the world. For more information, visit our website at www.cbj.ca.
News Article | September 19, 2017
Men and women with shorter, wider faces tend to be more sexually motivated and to have a stronger sex drive than those with faces of other dimensions. These are the findings from a study led by Steven Arnocky of Nipissing University in Canada. The research investigates the role that facial features play in sexual relationships and mate selection and is published in Springer's journal Archives of Sexual Behavior. The study adds to a growing body of research that has previously shown that certain psychological and behavioral traits are associated with particular facial width-to-height ratios (known as FWHR). Square-faced men (who therefore have a high FWHR) tend to be perceived as more aggressive, more dominant, more unethical, and more attractive as short-term sexual partners than their thinner and longer-faced counterparts. Researchers attributed differences in facial proportions to variations in testosterone levels during particular developmental periods, such as puberty. This hormone plays a role in forming adult sexual attitudes and desires. In this paper, Arnocky and his colleagues report two separate studies conducted among students. In the first, 145 undergraduates who were in romantic relationships at the time completed questionnaires about their interpersonal behavior and sex drive. The researchers also used photographs of the participants to determine their facial width-to-height ratio. The second study involved 314 students and was an extended version of the first study, which included questions about participants' sexual orientation, the chances of them considering infidelity, and their sociosexual orientation. The latter is a measure of how comfortable participants are with the concept of casual sex that does not include love or commitment. According to Arnocky, their findings suggest that FWHR can be used to predict a measure of sexuality in both sexes. Men and women with a high FWHR (therefore, square and wide faces) reported a greater sex drive than others. "Together, these findings suggest that facial characteristics might convey important information about human sexual motivations" , says Arnocky. It was also found that men with a larger FWHR not only have a higher sex drive than others, but also are more easy-going when it comes to casual sex and would consider being unfaithful to their partners. Reference: Arnocky, S., et al. (2017). The Facial Width-to-Height Ratio Predicts Sex Drive, Sociosexuality, and Intended Infidelity, Archives of Sexual Behavior DOI: 10.1007/s10508-017-1070-x
Valov V.,Nipissing University
Fundamenta Mathematicae | Year: 2016
In accordance with the Bing-Borsuk conjecture, we show that if X is an n-dimensional homogeneous metric ANR continuum and x ∈ X, then there is a local basis at x consisting of connected open sets U such that the cohomological properties of Ū and bd U are similar to the properties of the closed ball Bn ⊂ ℝn and its boundary Sn-1. We also prove that a metric ANR compactum X of dimension n is dimensionally full-valued if and only if the group Hn(X, X \ x; ℤ) is not trivial for some x ∈ X. This implies that every 3-dimensional homogeneous metric ANR compactum is dimensionally full-valued. © 2015 Instytut Matematyczny PAN.
Arnocky S.,Nipissing University |
Vaillancourt T.,University of Ottawa
Evolutionary Psychology | Year: 2012
Adolescent peer-aggression has recently been considered from the evolutionary perspective of intrasexual competition for mates. We tested the hypothesis that peer-nominated physical aggression, indirect aggression, along with self-reported bullying behaviors at Time 1 would predict Time 2 dating status (one year later), and that Time 1 peer- and self-reported peer victimization would negatively predict Time 2 dating status. Participants were 310 adolescents who were in grades 6 through 9 (ages 11-14) at Time 1. Results showed that for both boys and girls, peer-nominated indirect aggression was predictive of dating one year later even when controlling for age, peer-rated attractiveness, and peer-perceived popularity, as well as initial dating status. For both sexes, self-reported peer victimization was negatively related to having a dating partner at Time 2. Findings are discussed within the framework of intrasexual competition.
Erfani A.,Nipissing University
Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care | Year: 2017
Objective In response to a persistent low fertility rate in the country, the Supreme Leader of Iran in 2012 called for the shift to pronatalist population policies. Consequently, Iran's Parliament proposed a bill to curb the provision of contraceptive knowledge and services as a solution to raising the country's low fertility rate. This study aimed to investigate which groups of women will be adversely affected if the provision of subsidised contraceptive methods [i.e. sterilisation, intrauterine device (IUD) and injections] is curbed. Methods This study used recent data from the 2014 Tehran Survey of Fertility (n=3012) conducted among a representative sample of 3012 married women of reproductive age, and used multinomial logistic regression analysis to identify women with a higher likelihood of using government-funded contraceptive methods. Results Currently 82% of married women living in Tehran use a contraceptive method. The use of long-acting contraception, namely sterilisation and IUDs, declined from 34% in 2000 to 20% in 2014, and the prevalence of male methods (withdrawal and condoms) increased from 33% to 55% in the same period. Multivariate results showed that women who have a large number of children, want no more children, live in poor districts, and have low education are more likely to use long-acting contraceptive methods than withdrawal and condoms. Conclusions Women of low socioeconomic status who want to stop childbearing are the most vulnerable subgroups of the population if the publicly-funded family planning services are curbed. © Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited.
Zhang C.,Algoma University |
Kovacs J.M.,Nipissing University
Precision Agriculture | Year: 2012
Precision agriculture (PA) is the application of geospatial techniques and sensors (e. g., geographic information systems, remote sensing, GPS) to identify variations in the field and to deal with them using alternative strategies. In particular, high-resolution satellite imagery is now more commonly used to study these variations for crop and soil conditions. However, the availability and the often prohibitive costs of such imagery would suggest an alternative product for this particular application in PA. Specifically, images taken by low altitude remote sensing platforms, or small unmanned aerial systems (UAS), are shown to be a potential alternative given their low cost of operation in environmental monitoring, high spatial and temporal resolution, and their high flexibility in image acquisition programming. Not surprisingly, there have been several recent studies in the application of UAS imagery for PA. The results of these studies would indicate that, to provide a reliable end product to farmers, advances in platform design, production, standardization of image georeferencing and mosaicing, and information extraction workflow are required. Moreover, it is suggested that such endeavors should involve the farmer, particularly in the process of field design, image acquisition, image interpretation and analysis. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Carre J.M.,Nipissing University |
Olmstead N.A.,Nipissing University
Neuroscience | Year: 2015
A large body of evidence indicates that individual differences in baseline concentrations of testosterone (T) are only weakly correlated with human aggression. Importantly, T concentrations are not static, but rather fluctuate rapidly in the context of competitive interactions, suggesting that acute fluctuations in T may be more relevant for our understanding of the neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying variability in human aggression. In this paper, we provide an overview of the literature on T and human competition, with a primary focus on the role of competition-induced T dynamics in the modulation of human aggression. In addition, we discuss potential neural mechanisms underlying the effect of T dynamics on human aggression. Finally, we highlight several challenges for the field of social neuroendocrinology and discuss areas of research that may enhance our understanding of the complex bi-directional relationship between T and human social behavior. © 2014 IBRO.
Erfani A.,Nipissing University
International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health | Year: 2011
Context: Abortion is severely restricted in Iran, and many women with an unwanted pregnancy resort to clandestine, unsafe abortions. Accurate information on abortion incidence is needed to assess the extent to which women experience unwanted pregnancies and to allocate resources for contraceptive services. Methods:Data for analysis came from 2,934 married women aged 15-49 who completed the 2009 Tehran Survey of Fertility. Estimated abortion rates and proportions of known pregnancies that end in abortion were calculated for all women and for demographic and socioeconomic subgroups, and descriptive data were used to examine women's contraceptive use and reasons for having an abortion. Results: Annually, married women in Tehran have about 11,500 abortions. In the year before the survey, the estimated total abortion rate was 0.16 abortions per woman, and the annual general abortion rate was 5.5 abortions per 1,000 women; the general abortion rate peaked at 11.7 abortions among those aged 30-34. An estimated 8.7 of every 100 known pregnancies ended in abortion. The abortion rate was elevated among women who were employed or had high levels of income or education, as well as among those who reported a low level of religiosity, had two children or wanted no more. Fertility-related and socioeconomic reasons were cited by seven in 10 women who obtained an abortion. More than two-thirds of pregnancies that were terminated resulted from method failures among women who had used withdrawal, the pill or a condom. Conclusions: Estimated abortion rates and their correlates can help policymakers and program planners identify subgroups of women who are in particular need of services and counseling to prevent unwanted pregnancy.