Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases

Yinchuan, China

Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases

Yinchuan, China
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Yang A.-N.,Ningxia Medical University | Zhang H.-P.,Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases | Zhang H.-P.,Ningxia Medical University | Sun Y.,Ningxia Medical University | And 17 more authors.
FEBS Letters | Year: 2015

Homocysteine (Hcy) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not known. We investigated the effects of Hcy on fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), and tested our hypothesis that Hcy-induced atherosclerosis is mediated by increased FABP4 expression and decreased methylation. The FABP4 expression and DNA methylation was assessed in the aorta of ApoE-/- mice fed high-methionine diet for 20weeks. Over-expression of FABP4 enhanced accumulation of total cholesterol and cholesterol ester in foam cells. The up-regulation of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) promoted the methylation process and decreased FABP4 expression. These data suggest that FABP4 plays a key role in Hcy-mediated disturbance of lipid metabolism and that DNMT1 may be a novel therapeutic target in Hcy-related atherosclerosis. © 2015 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.


Yang A.,Ningxia Medical University | Yang A.,University of Sichuan | Zhang H.,Ningxia Medical University | Zhang H.,Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases | And 13 more authors.
Placenta | Year: 2016

Inflammation and dysregulated lipid metabolism are involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is known to regulate both inflammation and lipid metabolism. In the present study, we elucidated the role of FABP4 using in vitro and in vivo models of preclampsia. We found increased expression of FABP4 in the placenta of preeclamptic rats, which was further confirmed in HTR-8 cells, an extravillous trophoblast cell line, treated with L-NAME. Overexpression of FABP4 in HTR-8 cells resulted in upregulated expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α, and increased lipid accumulation, suggesting that FABP4 plays a role in preeclampsia. Furthermore, downregulation of methylation in the promotor resulted in increased FABP4 expression, which was mediated by downregulated DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1). Bioinformatics analysis showed that miR-148a/152 regulated the expression of DNMT1, and additional in vitro studies revealed that miR-148a/152 inhibited DNMT1 expression by directly binding to its 3′-UTR. Interestingly, DNMT1 enhanced the expression of miR-148a/152 by downregulation of methylation in its promotor. Taken together, our results showed that FABP4 may be involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, and the expression of FABP4 is enhanced by miR-148a/152 mediated inhibition of DNMT1 expression. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Hou S.,Ningxia Medical University | Hou S.,Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases | Zheng F.,Ningxia Medical University | Li Y.,Ningxia Medical University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to determine the beneficial effect of glycyrrhizic acid (GA) on type 2 diabetic nephropathy using renal tubular epithelial cell line (NRK-52E). The cells are divided into normal group (NG), high glucose group (HG), and treatment group (HG + GA). The methylthiazoletetrazolium (MTT) assay was used to detect the cell proliferation. Cell cycle analysis was performed using flow cytometry. Model driven architecture (MDA), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were also measured. Electron microscopy and histological were used to detect the changes in cell ultrastructure. The phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1), manganese-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were assessed by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and western blotting. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to measure Mn-SOD and PPARγ co-activator 1α (PGC-1a) mRNA. We find that high glucose increases NRK-52E cell proliferation and TGF-β1 expression, but decreases expression of AMPK, SIRT1 and Mn-SOD. These effects are significantly attenuated by GA. Our findings suggest that GA has protective effects against high glucose-induced cell proliferation and oxidative stress at least in part by increasing AMPK, SIRT1 and Mn-SOD expression in NRK-52E cells. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Yang A.-N.,Ningxia Medical University | Zhang H.,Ningxia Medical University | Zhang H.-P.,Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases | Zhang H.-P.,Ningxia Medical University | And 17 more authors.
FEBS Letters | Year: 2015

Homocysteine (Hcy) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not known. We investigated the effects of Hcy on fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), and tested our hypothesis that Hcy-induced atherosclerosis is mediated by increased FABP4 expression and decreased methylation. The FABP4 expression and DNA methylation was assessed in the aorta of ApoE-/- mice fed high-methionine diet for 20 weeks. Over-expression of FABP4 enhanced accumulation of total cholesterol and cholesterol ester in foam cells. The up-regulation of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) promoted the methylation process and decreased FABP4 expression. These data suggest that FABP4 plays a key role in Hcy-mediated disturbance of lipid metabolism and that DNMT1 may be a novel therapeutic target in Hcy-related atherosclerosis. © 2015 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

Loading Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases collaborators
Loading Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases collaborators