Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction

Yinchuan, China

Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction

Yinchuan, China
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Wang J.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Wang J.,Ningxia Meteorological Science Institute | Zhang L.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Zhang L.,Ningxia Meteorological Science Institute | And 6 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Ecology | Year: 2014

Based on the meteorological data on ground surface during 1981-2010, we calculated the indicators of frost-free period, ≥10 ˚c accumulated temperature, the lowest average monthly temperature and extreme minimum temperature. In combination with GIS technology, these indicators were introduced to definite the northern boundary of the planting region of Vitis vinifera in northern China. Then, ecological adaptability regionalization for wine grape Grenache Noir was identified by the optimal gathering method in which the indicators of ≥10 ˚c accumulated temperature, aridity index, and soil types were adopted. The results showed that the most suitable areas for wine grape Grenache Noir were: the Yishan hilly area and Jiaodong Peninsula of Shandong Province; Zunhua, Qianxi, Funing and Qinghuangdao in Heibei Province; Luohe and Yihe River watershed of Henan Province; Northwest of Suizhong in Liaoning Province; Shangluo and Danfeng in Shaanxi Province; Bailongjiang River watershed in Longnan of Gansu Province. © 2014, editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Ecology. All rights reserved.


Zhang L.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Zhang L.,Ningxia Meteorological Science Institute | Zhang X.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Zhang X.,Ningxia Meteorological Science Institute | And 4 more authors.
Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering | Year: 2010

The study of soil moisture distribution of dry land crops can supply scientific evidences for water resource use. The article studied dynamic changes of soil water of five kinds dry land- winter wheat, flax, potato, alfalfa and natural grass in different stages. The results showed that temporal variations of soil moisture on different dry land crops were similar. All five kind crops include "soil moisture content raising period" and "soil moisture content declining period", that dividing line were at the middle of July. Soil moisture of annual crops (as winter wheat, flax and potato) were more higher perennial crop (as alfalfa and natural grass) in whole growing time. The soil moisture vertical distribution of winter wheat, flax and potato were 'topsoil highness, subsoil lowness', alfalfa and natural grass in reverse. Topsoil moisture movement was obvious, subsoil moisture movementwas inconspicuous all dry crops. In growing time, rainfall didn't satisfy the all crops needs. The raising soil moisture in autumn is pivotal for harvest of dry crops.


Zhang X.-Y.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Zhang X.-Y.,Ningxia Institute of Meteorological science | Li H.-Y.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Li H.-Y.,Ningxia Institute of Meteorological science | And 6 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Ecology | Year: 2014

Based on data of 24 weather stations in Ningxia from 1981 to 2010, combined with the wine grape sampling test results and other zoning indexes, starting from the concept of high-quality ecological zones of viticulture, the frost-free period, > 10 C accumulated temperature, precipitation in harvest period, soil type and slope position were used in high-quality ecological regionalization of wine grape varieties in Ningxia by using optimization method and GIS technique. The distribution maps of high-quality ecological viticulture of main red varieties and white varieties were suggested for wine grape growers. All red varieties including extremely late ripening variety ‘Grenache’, mid to late ripening variety ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’, mid ripening variety ‘Merlot’, and early ripening variety of ‘Pinot Noir’ are suitable for planting in Ningxia, and those varieties had great potential for exploitation. It should be focused on the development in high-quality ecological zone of wine grape in the Western Xia imperial tombs region in Yinchuan, Gezi Mountain in Qingtongxia, and the Baima and Shikong mountain areas in Zhongning. Regional planting areas for early and mid ripening varieties, such as ‘Pinot Noir’, ‘Chardonnay’, ‘Riesling’, should be located in the central arid zone and Qingshui River basin. © 2014, editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Ecology. All rights reserved.


Li H.-Y.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Li H.-Y.,Ningxia Institute of Meteorological Science | Zhang X.-Y.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Zhang X.-Y.,Ningxia Institute of Meteorological Science | And 6 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Ecology | Year: 2014

Development of wine grape industry by refinement has put forward higher requirements for the suitability regionalization. In this paper, combining the methods of assembled superiority and GIS technology, the ecological suitability regionalization of wine grape with different ripening dates were studied with overall consideration of climatic and soil conditions in Ningxia. The results showed that the wine grape could be planted in most of central and northern parts of Ningxia. Climatic suitable regions for early maturing varieties distributed mainly in the transitional areas between central and northern parts, that for medium maturing varieties located in most of south regions of Yinchuan, and that for late maturing varieties distributed in Yinchuan and most of north areas of Yinchuan. The areas of climatic suitable regions for early, medium and late maturing varieties were 16100, 8500 and 9697 km2, while those of the most ecologically suitable regions for early, medium and late maturing varieties were 730, 270 and 38. 4 km2, respectively. The most ecologically suitable regions were mainly concentrated in the east side of Helan Mountain that was 30 km away from the west of Yinchuan, Dove Mountain and Niushou Mountain in Qingtongxia City, the northern mountain in Zhongning City, and the northern mountains in Shizuishan. The results of this study could provide a basis for utilization of regional advantages of ecological resources during the industrial development of wine grape in Ningxia. © 2014, editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Ecology. All rights reserved.


Li H.-Y.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Li H.-Y.,Ningxia Institute of Meteorological Science | Zhang X.-Y.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Zhang X.-Y.,Ningxia Institute of Meteorological Science | And 6 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Ecology | Year: 2014

The development of wine industry is greatly influenced by the market in China, being not perfect. Planning and regionalization for production areas are one of the main ways to promote ecological development of wine industry. Comprehensively using the methods of fuzzy mathematics, optimization and stepwise division, the ecological regionalization for dry red wine grape varieties in northern China where dry red wine dominates the wine industry was completed with small grid simulation methods, spatial analysis and layer operation supported by GIS. The results showed that the most ecologically suitable areas of dry wine grape varieties distributed in the following areas: the south section of Daxinanling Mountains region, counties in Western Liaoning Corridor region; most areas of Shangdong Peninsula surround the Bohai Gulf, Qinhuangdao districts and most of Liaodong Peninsula; most of Zhangjiakou and Datong in the border areas of Hebei and Shanxi provinces; the areas on the two sides of Helan Mountain and along the Yellow River in the northwestern region of China; areas in the Yili Valley and along the eastern Tianshan Mountain in Xinjiang. © 2014, editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Ecology. All rights reserved.


Li H.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Li H.,Ningxia Institute of Meteorological Science | Zhang X.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Zhang X.,Ningxia Institute of Meteorological Science | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Natural Disasters | Year: 2014

Frost is a major agricultural meteorological disaster in Ningxia. Frost risk assessment and zoning can provide a valid basis for the regional disaster prevention and mitigation. Based on the information of meteorological observation data from 1981 to 2010 in Ningxia 23 weather stations, socioeconomic and geographic information data, and by the methods of risk index, analytic hierarchy process, weighted composite score, late frost disaster risk was evaluated, and the frost disaster risk zoning maps were completed with GIS. The results show that, the environmental sensitivity of the late frost is complex. The sensitivity in the northern irrigation areas is lower than in the mountain areas; hazard risk is generally on the high side; vulnerability of the hazard-affected body is the highest in the most of northern irrigated areas, next to the highest is in the south areas, and the central part is the lowest; the capacity of disaster prevention and mitigation is the highest in the irrigation areas, and lower in central and southern mountain areas; the highest risk areas of late frost disaster are concentrated in Yongning, Wuzhong of the northern irrigated area and Pengyang in the south, the small risk areas were concentrated in the north of the irrigated area and most of the central area.


Liu J.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Zhang X.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Ma G.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Cao N.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction | Ma L.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction
Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering | Year: 2012

In order to apply remote sensing technology to study the effects of the wheat dry-hot wind, the canopy spectrum on different hazard degree were measured before and after dry-hot wind occurring by Unspec-SC spectrum remote sensing instrument. By resampling the observed data, the spectrum response curves under different hazard degree were obtained. Classification of hazard degree of dry-hot wind and high spectral characteristics of each degree were studied combined with the observation of the opened awn rate, thousand-grain weight, etc. By constructing the RVI, NDVI and the other vegetation indices according to the spectral range of the EOS/MODIS visible channel, each hyperspectral vegetation index of wheat dry-hot wind level indicators and discriminant equation were established. The results showed that the reflectance spectrums of the different wheat dry-hot wind damages were certainly obvious differences. With the aggravation of wheat dry-hot wind, near-infrared platform were reduced, red valley elevation, slope of the red edge were declined, red edge position blue were shifted. The correlations were highly significant among wheat dry-hot wind hazard degree with RVI, NDVI, PVI, red edge vegetation index NDVI rededge and position λ rep. Synthesized EOS MODIS corresponding channel value RVI, NDVI could reflect the difference of dry-hot wind hazard degree, and NDVI was more significant than RVI. It indicated that the use of EOS MODIS remote sensing data could distinguish the wheat dry-hot wind harm degree. The results provide a reference for monitoring and evaluation the wheat dry-hot wind hazard degree on large wheat field by remote sensing.


Yuan H.Y.,Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction
Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban | Year: 2011

Based on the 1961-2009 weather data from 21 meteorological stations in Ningxia, this paper analyzed the spatiotemporal variation trend of regional agricultural climate resources in Ningxia, Northwest China. In 1961-2009, the air temperature in Ningxia increased gradually from south to north, with the mean annual temperature increased by 0.4 degrees C x (10 a)(-1) , while the annual precipitation in most regions decreased gradually, with a decrement 4.26 mm x (10 a)(-1). Both the frost-free period and the duration of crop growth season prolonged. The regions with > or = 10 degrees C accumulated temperature being > or = 3200 degrees C x d extended southwardly, and thereby, the regions adaptive for planting mid and late rice increased. In 2001-2009, most regions were adaptive for plating winter wheat, and the whole Ningxia was adaptive for plating spring wheat. In the southern mountain regions, the region with mean temperature in July being < or = 20 degrees C decreased gradually, and accordingly, the regions adaptive for planting potato decreased.


PubMed | Ningxia Key Laboratory for Meteorological Disaster Prevention and Reduction
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology | Year: 2011

Based on the 1961-2009 weather data from 21 meteorological stations in Ningxia, this paper analyzed the spatiotemporal variation trend of regional agricultural climate resources in Ningxia, Northwest China. In 1961-2009, the air temperature in Ningxia increased gradually from south to north, with the mean annual temperature increased by 0.4 degrees C x (10 a)(-1) , while the annual precipitation in most regions decreased gradually, with a decrement 4.26 mm x (10 a)(-1). Both the frost-free period and the duration of crop growth season prolonged. The regions with > or = 10 degrees C accumulated temperature being > or = 3200 degrees C x d extended southwardly, and thereby, the regions adaptive for planting mid and late rice increased. In 2001-2009, most regions were adaptive for plating winter wheat, and the whole Ningxia was adaptive for plating spring wheat. In the southern mountain regions, the region with mean temperature in July being < or = 20 degrees C decreased gradually, and accordingly, the regions adaptive for planting potato decreased.

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