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Ningbo, China

Chen Z.,Ningbo University | Xu Z.,Ningbo Medical Center | Sun S.,Ningbo University | Yu Y.,Ningbo University | And 4 more authors.
Scientific Reports | Year: 2014

Changes of cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) reflect immunologic reactions of the lung in pulmonary malignancies. Detection of biomarkers in BALF might serve as an important method for differential diagnosis of lung cancer. A total of 78 patients admitted into hospital with suspected lung cancer were included in our study. BALF samples were obtained from all patients, and were analyzed for TGF-β 1, IL-6, and TNF-α using commercially available sandwich ELISA kits. The levels of TGF-β 1 in BALF were significantly higher in patients with lung cancer compared with patients with benign diseases (P = 0.003). However, no significant difference of IL-6 (P = 0.61) or TNF-α (P = 0.72) in BALF was observed between malignant and nonmalignant groups. With a cut-off value of 10.85 pg/ml, TGF-β 1 showed a sensitivity of 62.2%, and a specificity of 60.6%, in predicting the malignant nature of pulmonary disease. Our data suggest that TGF-β 1 in BALF might be a valuable biomarker for lung cancer. However, measurement of IL-6 or TNF-α in BALF has poor diagnostic value in lung cancer. Source

Chen H.,Ningbo University | Wang F.,Ningbo Medical Center | Mao H.,Ningbo University | Yan X.,Ningbo University
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects | Year: 2014

Background Carrageenan (CGN), a high molecular weight sulfated polysaccharide, is a traditional ingredient used in food industry. Its degraded forms have been identified as potential carcinogens, although the mechanism remains unclear. Methods The effects of degraded λ-carrageenan (λ-dCGN) on murine RAW264.7 cells and human THP-1-derived macrophage cells were investigated by studying its actions on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) secretion, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression, and activation of nuclear factor-κb (NF-κB) and activation protein-1 (AP-1) pathways. Results We found that λ-dCGN was much stronger than native λ-CGN in the activation of macrophages to secrete TNF-α. Treatment of RAW264.7 cells with λ-dCGN resulted in the upregulation of TLR4, CD14 and MD-2 expressions, but it did not increase the binding of lipopolysacchride (LPS) with macrophages. Meanwhile, λ-dCGN treatment activated NF-κB via B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 10 (Bcl10) and nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor, alpha (IκBα) phosphorylation. In addition, λ-dCGN induced extracellular signal-regulated kinases/1/2/mitogen-activated protein kinases (ERK1/2/MAPK) and AP-1 activation. Interestingly, pretreatment of RAW264.7 cells with λ-dCGN markedly enhanced LPS-stimulated TNF-α secretion. This pretreatment resulted in the enhanced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and intensified activation of AP-1. Conclusions λ-dCGN induced an inflammatory reaction via both NF-κB and AP-1, and enhanced the inflammatory effect of LPS through AP-1 activation. General significance The study demonstrated the role of λ-dCGN to induce the inflammatory reaction and to aggravate the effect of LPS on macrophages, suggesting that λ-dCGN produced during food processing and gastric digestion may be a safety concern. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

To study the value and feasibility of a novel method of urethrovesical anastomosis during radical laparoscopic prostatectomy. From 2008 to 2009, 10 patients with local prostate cancer (LPC) underwent radical laparoscopic prostatectomy through the placement of two separate needles for running urethrovesical anastomosis. The first step comprised the first stitch placed in the posterior wall of anastomosis (at 4 o'clock) and then clockwise running suture from 4 to 12 o'clock position. The next steps entailed another needle, stitching at 3 o'clock position and counterclockwise running suture. Two sutures would meet at 12 o'clock position for the third and final knot. When the position of urinary leak was observed, an additional suture would be performed. This technique was performed in 10 patients with a mean anastomosis duration of 30 minutes (range: 25 - 45) and a mean operative duration of 220 minutes (range: 200 - 300). The Foley catheter was implanted for 14 days. Neither bladder neck stricture nor urinary leak was observed with a follow-up period of 3 - 24 months. The described technique is a feasible and safe method for urethrovesical anastomosis with a low rate of complications. And it may be quickly mastered so as to lower the learning curve of a novice. Source

Liu K.,Ningbo Medical Center | Luo Y.,Wenzhou Medical College | Tian H.,Ningbo Medical Center | Yu K.-Z.,Ningbo Medical Center | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

The tumor suppressor LKB1 gene encodes a serine-threonine kinase that regulates cell proliferation and polarity. Inactivation of LKB1 by mutations in LKB1 or loss of its expression is highly correlated with lung, ovarian, and pancreatic cancers, and WNT/β-catenin pathway is also known to be involved in many human malignancies. However, the relationship between LKB1 and WNT signaling pathway in esophageal carcinoma remains unknown. The expression of LKB1 in 62 cases of esophageal cancer patients was determined by quantitative real-time PCR. It was found that LKB1 mRNA level was significantly lower than the adjacent normal epithelium and that the LKB1 downregulation was correlating with TNM stages. Moreover, the expression of WNT target genes such as Cyclin D1, C-MYC, MMP2, and FZD2 was significantly upregulated in esophageal cancer tissues. LKB1 overexpression in TE10 cells inhibited TOPFlash luciferase reporter activity and WNT target gene expression even in the presence of WNT3A. Conversely, LKB1 knockdown enhanced WNT signaling activity in esophageal cancer cells. It was also found that LKB1 antagonized WNT signaling pathway through interaction with GSK3β to downregulate β-catenin expression level. Functional investigation revealed that LKB1 suppressed the promotion effects of WNT3A on the cell growth of TE10 cells. The LKB1 functions in regulating cell growth and WNT target genes expression were impaired by GSK3β inhibition, suggesting that LKB1 antagonized WNT-induced cell proliferation through enhancement of GSK3β activity. Together, the interaction between LKB1 and GSK3β upregulates GSK3β activity to suppress WNT-induced cell proliferation in esophageal carcinoma cells. Loss of LKB1 expression may result in the deregulation of WNT/β-catenin pathway to promote malignant progression of esophageal cancer. © International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2013. Source

Ding S.,Ningbo Medical Center | Zheng K.,Ningbo Medical Center
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic outcome of artificial total hip arthroplasty (THA) with collum femoris preserving for hip joint disease in young and middle-aged patients. METHODS: From March 2002 to March 2005, 26 cases (31 hips) of hip joint disease were treated with artificial THA with collum femoris preserving, including 19 males (23 hips) and 7 females (8 hips) and aged 32-48 years with an average of 37 years. In 31 hips, 17 left hips and 14 right hips were involved. There were 9 cases of osteoarthritis of the hip joint caused by avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH), 7 cases of ANFH, 3 cases of femoral head necrosis caused by dysplasia of acetabular, 1 case of osteoarthritis of the hip joint caused by ankylosing spondylitis, and 2 cases of rheumatoid arthritis; the course of disease was 2-11 years (5.6 years on average). Two cases of femoral neck fracture (Garden IV), and 2 cases of non-union femoral neck fractures (1 for Garden III and 1 for Garden IV), the course of disease was 5 days, 24 months, and 26 months. The prime symptoms were pain, difficult walk and limp. All patients were taken X-ray to exclude osteoporosis. RESULTS: The right distal femur prosthesis of a bilateral patient cracked owing to excessive amputation of collum femoris, and fracture healed after symptomatic treatment. All the incisions healed by first intention and no complications occurred. All patients were followed up for 4-7 years, with an average of 5.6 years. One case had poor hip function because he did not follow rehabilitation procedure, and the others achieved good outcome with normal gait. One case complained of persistent pain 6 months after operation, and was relieved by administration of some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and anti-osteoporosis drugs 6 months later. The X-ray films after operation and at last follow up showed good location of prosthesis and no bone resorption. Harris score at last follow-up was 91.31 +/- 0.77, and it was significantly higher than that before operation (50.88 +/- 0.90), (P < 0.05). The excellent and good rate was 93.5% (excellent in 11 hips, good in 18 hips, and fair in 2 hips). CONCLUSION: Artificial THA with collum femoris preserving can retain more bone, be easier for revision, and has an excellent outcome. Source

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