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Ymittos Athens, Greece

Valotassiou V.,University Hospital of Larissa Mezourlo | Leondi A.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Angelidis G.,NIMTS Hospital | Psimadas D.,University Hospital of Larissa Mezourlo | Georgoulias P.,University Hospital of Larissa Mezourlo
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2012

Meningiomas arise from the meningothelial cells of the arachnoid membranes. They are the most common primary intracranial neoplasms and represent about 20 of all intracranial tumors. They are usually diagnosed after the third decade of life and they are more frequent in women than in men. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, meningiomas can be classified into grade I meningiomas, which are benign, grade II (atypical) and grade III (anaplastic) meningiomas, which have a much more aggressive clinical behaviour. Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are routinely used in the diagnostic workup of patients with meningiomas. Molecular Nuclear Medicine Imaging with Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) could provide complementary information to CT and MRI. Various SPECT and PET tracers may provide information about cellular processes and biological characteristics of meningiomas. Therefore, SPECT and PET imaging could be used for the preoperative noninvasive diagnosis and differential diagnosis of meningiomas, prediction of tumor grade and tumor recurrence, response to treatment, target volume delineation for radiation therapy planning, and distinction between residual or recurrent tumour from scar tissue. Copyright © 2012 Varvara Valotassiou et al. Source

Paraskevas G.P.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Bougea A.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Synetou M.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Vassilopoulou S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | And 4 more authors.
Cerebrovascular Diseases | Year: 2014

Background: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited small vessel disease caused by mutations of the NOTCH3 gene, which result in degeneration of vascular smooth muscle cells, arteriolar stenosis, and impaired cerebral blood flow. For clinicians this is the commonest hereditary adult-onset condition causing stroke and vascular dementia at middle age. Atypical phenotypes have been recognized, and the disease is probably underdiagnosed in the wider stroke population. Coexistence of autoimmunity is atypical and has been described only in occasional patients. Methods: Three members of a Greek family from the island of Lesvos of North East Greece were evaluated. The patients come from a four-generation family in which there were at least seven members with clinical data suggestive of CADASIL. We describe here the clinical, imaging and biochemical findings in this family with R169C mutation at exon 4 and presenting additional clinical and biochemical findings suggestive of autoimmune disorder. DNA was extracted from whole blood using standard procedures for sequencing. Results: Three affected members of this family carried the R169C. In a phenotypic analysis of affected individuals from four generations with CADASIL, the disease was characterized by migraine attacks, recurrent subcortical infarcts, and cognitive decline with typical anterior temporal lobe white matter lesions. At least 3 mutation carriers from two generations had increased antinuclear antibody (ANA) titers and various combinations of rash, joint pains, photosensitivity, and renal involvement. Conclusion: This is a rare description of the coexistence of autoimmunity in CADASIL patients with possible worsening clinical effects. The study extends the spectrum of atypical presentation of CADASIL. The coexistence of autoimmunity does not necessarily exclude CADASIL, but may cause an additional diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. This autoimmune disorder may have increased the severity of the disease and, additionally, may be related to the pathogenetic mechanisms of CADASIL. It is possible that the NOTCH3 mutation alone is not enough to trigger autoimmunity since, in the case of our family, the R169C mutation has already been described in other families with no evidence of coexistent autoimmunity. Other genetic or environmental factors or interactions and/or common pathways between the vascular and immune systems are probably co-operating. Further, prospective studies are needed to clarify the prevalence and types of autoimmune disorders present in CADASIL families. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Migdalis I.N.,NIMTS Hospital
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice | Year: 2011

Oral hypoglycaemic agents become less effective as beta cell function declines. Thus many patients with type 2 diabetes will ultimately require treatment with insulin. There are two main approaches to starting insulin: (a) as a basal supplement with an intermediate to long-acting preparation (NPH, glargine or detemir) plus oral agents; (b) as a premixed insulin regimen. Almost all the studies have shown similar glucose control with both NPH and the new insulin analogs. Further analyses between these insulins have documented significant reductions in hypoglycaemia especially at night with the insulin analogs. The weight gain is an important issue in patients with diabetes. It appears that insulin detemir studies have reported weight neutrality or less weigh gain or even weight loss. However, most insulin glargine studies have reported a weight gain. On the other hand insulin analogs have the important disadvantage of high cost. It is important to take in to account all the above factors such as cost, weight gain, number of insulin injections and hypoglycaemia while prescribing insulin. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Nikou G.C.,Laiko University Hospital | Pazaitou-Panayiotou K.,Unit of Endocrinology and Endocrine Oncology | Dimitroulopoulos D.,Agios Savas Cancer Hospital | Alexandrakis G.,NIMTS Hospital | And 5 more authors.
BMC Endocrine Disorders | Year: 2016

Background: The rare incidence of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) has contributed to a paucity of large epidemiologic studies of patients with this condition. We investigated the occurrence and clinicopathologic features of NENs in Greece. Methods: Between October 2010 and November 2012 we collected data on 246 newly diagnosed patients from a broad-based multi-institutional registry that comprises eight academic and hospital sites in Greece. The WHO 2010 pathologic classification and the 7th AJCC Staging system was applied in all cases. Results: Of all patients 94 % had a sporadic and 6 % a multiple endocrine neoplasia tumor; 63.4 % were gastroenteropancreatic-(GEP)-NENs, 17.9 % Head & Neck NENs, 9.8 % NENs of Unknown Primary, 6.5 % Lung NENs and 2.4 % Pheochromocytomas. Gastric and pancreatic NENs were the most common primary sites. Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) were 9.3 %, all sporadic. Fifteen percent of patients were asymptomatic at presentation, 24 % had a first symptom of the disease related to endocrine syndrome and 61 % had symptoms related to locally advanced or metastatic disease. Metastatic disease was established in 25 % of tumors most frequently in the GEP NEN group. Findings are presented according to Ki-67 distribution. MRI had a higher diagnostic positive yield than Octreoscan. Somatostatin analogs, lanreotide and octreotide acetate, were prescribed at 38.5 & 61.5 % of NEN patients respectively and were found to be equally effective at providing symptomatic relief. Conclusions: This is to our knowledge the first study of a Greek tumor registry and one of the few European Registries providing information regarding clinicopathologic characteristics and therapies in patients with neuroendocrine tumors of various origin sites, beyond GEP NENs. © 2016 Nikou et al. Source

Triantafyllou K.,Rimini Street | Viazis N.,Evangelismos General Hospital | Tsibouris P.,NIMTS Hospital | Zacharakis G.,Evangelismos General Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy | Year: 2014

Background Colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) could be an option to examine the colon after incomplete colonoscopy. Objective To investigate the extent that CCE complements incomplete colonoscopy and guides further workup. Design Prospective, follow-up study. Setting Three tertiary-care centers. Patients Consecutive outpatients after colonoscopy failure; 1-year study period. Intervention Patients underwent CCE either immediately after colonoscopy or were rescheduled. Further investigations were guided by the results of CCE. Patients were followed as long as 2 years. Results We studied 75 outpatients; 39 had a screening colonoscopy. One third of the patients underwent CCE immediately after colonoscopy. Overall, CCE reached or went beyond the colon segment at which colonoscopy stopped in 68 patients (91%). CCE technically complemented difficult colonoscopy independently of whether same-day CCE was performed (24 [96%]) or was not performed (44 [88%]). CCE detected additional significant findings in 36% of the same-day CCE cases and in 48% of the rescheduled ones. Two patients in the same-day group and 13 in the rescheduled CCE group underwent further colon examination that revealed additional significant findings in 3 of them. Ten percent of the patients reported mild adverse events (AE). If needed, 63 participants (84%) were willing to repeat CCE. Follow-up has not identified symptomatic missed colon cancers. Limitations Selected patient population, first-generation colon capsule, old preparation scheme. Conclusion CCE performed immediately or at a scheduled date after colonoscopy failure is feasible and safe. CCE after incomplete colonoscopy appears to yield significant findings, guide further workup, and has high patient acceptance. © 2014 by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Source

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