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Chattopadhyay P.,Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College | Sarma N.,West Dermatology
Singapore Medical Journal | Year: 2011

An increasing number of patients with chronic hepatitis B infection are being treated with the newly licensed drug, adefovir. It is an acyclic nucleoside phosphonate that is relatively safe in the dosage generally used for chronic hepatitis B. Serious adverse cutaneous drug reactions like Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) following adefovir use have not been reported. We report a case of adefovir-induced SJS and TEN overlap syndrome in a patient with chronic hepatitis B infection. Source

Sengupta G.,Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College | Hazra A.,Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research | Kundu A.,Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research | Ghosh A.,East India Pharmaceutical Works Ltd.
Clinical Therapeutics | Year: 2011

Background: Drug treatment can defer surgical intervention in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a common disorder in elderly men, and is widely practiced. Various herbal formulations have been used for the treatment of BPH, but few have been compared with established modern medicines in head-to-head clinical trials. Objective: We compared the effectiveness and tolerability of an oral formulation, comprising standardized extracts of Murraya koenigii and Tribulus terrestris leaves being marketed in India under Ayurvedic license, versus tamsulosin in the treatment of symptomatic BPH. Methods: A double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial was conducted with treatment-naive ambulatory patients with BPH aged >50 years. Patients received either the plant drug in a dose of 2 capsules BID or tamsulosin 400 μg once daily for 12 weeks with 2 interim follow-up visits at the end of 4 and 8 weeks. The double-dummy technique was used to ensure double-blinding. The primary effectiveness measure was reduction in the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS). Proportion of patients becoming completely or relatively symptom free (IPSS <8), change in prostate volume (assessed by using ultrasonography conducted by a radiologist blinded to the nature or duration of treatment), and peak urinary flow rate (assessed by using uroflowmetry) were secondary measures. Treatment-emergent adverse events, changes in weight, vital signs, and routine laboratory safety parameters were recorded. Results: Forty-six patients were randomized (23 per group); 19 completed all study visits in the plant drug group and 21 in the tamsulosin group. However, applying modified intention-to-treat criterion, 23 and 21 patients, respectively, were considered for effectiveness analysis. Mean (SD) age and baseline weight were 58.5 (14.0) years and 57.5 (10.5) kg in the plant drug arm, and 62.9 (6.3) years and 59.8 (9.9) kg in the tamsulosin arm, respectively. Median (interquartile range) symptom duration was 12.0 (12.0-24.0) months and 15.0 (12.0-24.0) months, respectively, in the 2 arms. These differences were not statistically significant. IPSS (median [interquartile range]) declined from 17.0 (12.0-19.0) to 9.0 (5.0-13.0) with the plant drug and from 14.0 (11.0-18.0) to 8.0 (6.0-13.0) with tamsulosin after 12 weeks of treatment. The decline was individually significant in both groups (both, P < 0.001), but intergroup values showed no statistically significant difference at any point of time. IPSS <8 at study end was achieved by 10 and 7 patients, respectively, in the 2 arms (P = 0.548). The plant drug reduced prostate volume from 33.5 (26.2-45.9) mL to 31.6 (26.1-37.5) mL (P = 0.040). The corresponding reduction with tamsulosin, from 41.3 (29.4-51.3) mL to 39.9 (32.6-52.3) mL, was not statistically significant. Peak urinary flow rate did not change appreciably. Mild joint pain was the most common adverse event in both arms. No serious events were encountered. Compliance was satisfactory. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the M koenigii- and T terrestris-based formulation significantly lowered IPSS scores in the initial treatment of symptomatic BPH. Further trials are needed to determine if the beneficial effect is sustained beyond the 12-week observation period of this trial. © 2011 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. Source

Bandyopadhyay R.,Medical College | Biswas S.,Medical College | Bandyopadhyay S.K.,Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College | Ray M.M.,Medical College
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2010

Multicentric giant cell tumors represent less than 1% of all giant cell tumors of bones. We report a case of multicentric giant cell tumors around both the knee joints in a mentally and physically challenged adult male that resulted in rapidly progressive painful swelling, restricted mobility and, ultimately, fixed deformity. These tumors had typical radiological appearance and the diagnosis was confirmed on histopathology. Source

Chatterjee A.,Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology | Year: 2014

Glutamate neurotoxicity is implicated in a number of neurological diseases, including Neuroleptic Malignant syndrome. Therefore, functional magnetic resonance imaging can help in diagnosis and monitoring such conditions. However, reports of this application are scarce in the literature. In this manuscript, glutamate based imaging of the basal ganglia showed increased levels of the neurotransmitter bilaterally. In addition, a radon transform of the functional image was performed to look for any asymmetry in cerebral activation. Although no asymmetry was detected in this case, this novel analysis can be applied in physiological and pathological scenarios to visualize contribution of different brain structures. Source

Bandyopadhyay S.K.,Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College
Journal of the Indian Medical Association | Year: 2010

A study was undertaken amog 80 non-diabetic patients of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) admitted within 24 hours of the onset of pain, to investigate the prevalence and significance of microalbuminuria (MA) as a predictor of in-hospital mortality, and also to correlate it with other well-established prognostic markers. Spot urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) was measured in first morning sample on day 1 (D1), day 4 (D4) and/or day 7 (D7). Haemodynamic status was assessed clinically by Killip's class and the ejection fraction was measured by echocardiography on D1, D4, and/or D7. Total 7 days mortality was recorded. MA (>30 microg/mg) was found in 95% of patients on 1,. In the group with higher value of MA (>100 microg/mg) on D1, there was significantly more deaths (p <0.01). Also there was significantly more deaths with static or increasing MA value from D1 to D4/D7 (p <0.01). Increasing or static MA had a positive correlation with deteriorating Killip's class in non-survivors, and also there was a correlation between decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction from D1 to D4/D7 and an increasing trend in MA over that period. Thus, MA was found to be a reliable predictor of short-term in-hospital mortality in AMI. Source

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