Honma Y.,Niigata Seiryo University |
Uchiyama I.,Doshisha University
Shinrigaku Kenkyu | Year: 2017
This study examined the relationships among children's role-taking ability in rule and moral situations and classroom behavior (non-cooperative class behavior, rule compliance behavior, and prosocial behavior), as well as children's emotions toward school (liking/avoidance). Participants were Grade 5 and 6 primary-school students in Japan. We used path analysis to examine the effects of role-taking ability in moral situations influenced prosocial behavior and school liking. The results indicated that role-taking ability in moral situations influences on school liking via prosocial behavior. The results can be helpful in understanding and improving children's adjustment to school.
Kim Y.,National Institute of Mental Health |
Tsutsumi A.,National Institute of Mental Health |
Izutsu T.,National Institute of Mental Health |
Kawamura N.,Gaien Mental Clinic |
And 2 more authors.
British Journal of Psychiatry | Year: 2011
Background: Although there is speculation that individuals living in the vicinity of nuclear disasters have persistent mental health deterioration due to psychological stress, few attempts have been made to examine this issue. Aims: To determine whether having been in the vicinity of the Nagasaki atomic bomb explosion in the absence of substantial exposure to radiation affected the mental health of local inhabitants more than half a century later. Method: Participants were randomly recruited from individuals who lived in the vicinity of the atomic bomb explosion in uncontaminated suburbs of Nagasaki. This sample (n = 347) was stratified by gender, age, perception of the explosion and current district of residence. Controls (n = 288) were recruited from among individuals who had moved into the area from outside Nagasaki 5-15 years after the bombing, matched for gender, age and district of residence. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of those at high risk of mental disorder based on the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire, with a cut-off point of 5/6. Other parameters related to individual perception of the explosion, health status, life events and habits were also assessed. Results: Having been in the vicinity of the explosion was the most significant factor (OR = 5.26, 95% CI 2.56-11.11) contributing to poorer mental health; erroneous knowledge of radiological hazard showed a mild association. In the sample group, anxiety after learning of the potential radiological hazard was significantly correlated with poor mental health (P<0.05), whereas anxiety about the explosion, or the degree of perception of it, was not; 74.5% of the sample group believed erroneously that the flash of the explosion was synonymous with radiation. Conclusions: Having been in the vicinity of the atomic bomb explosion without radiological exposure continued to be associated with poorer mental health more than half a century after the event. Fear on learning about the potential radiological hazard and lack of knowledge about radiological risk are responsible for this association. Declaration of interest: None.
Dapat I.C.,Niigata University |
Dapat C.,Niigata University |
Baranovich T.,Niigata University |
Baranovich T.,St Jude Childrens Research Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Background: Pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 virus was first detected in Japan in May 2009 and continued to circulate in the 2010-2011 season. This study aims to characterize human influenza viruses circulating in Japan in the pandemic and post-pandemic periods and to determine the prevalence of antiviral-resistant viruses. Methods: Respiratory specimens were collected from patients with influenza-like illness on their first visit at outpatient clinics during the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 influenza seasons. Cycling probe real-time PCR assays were performed to screen for antiviral-resistant strains. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the HA and NA genes were done to characterize circulating strains. Results and Conclusion: In the pandemic period (2009-2010), the pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 virus was the only circulating strain isolated. None of the 601 A(H1N1)pdm09 virus isolates had the H275Y substitution in NA (oseltamivir resistance) while 599/601 isolates (99.7%) had the S31N substitution in M2 (amantadine resistance). In the post-pandemic period (2010-2011), cocirculation of different types and subtypes of influenza viruses was observed. Of the 1,278 samples analyzed, 414 (42.6%) were A(H1N1)pdm09, 525 (54.0%) were A(H3N2) and 33 (3.4%) were type-B viruses. Among A(H1N1)pdm09 isolates, 2 (0.5%) were oseltamivir-resistant and all were amantadine-resistant. Among A(H3N2) viruses, 520 (99.0%) were amantadine-resistant. Sequence and phylogenetic analyses of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses from the post-pandemic period showed further evolution from the pandemic period viruses. For viruses that circulated in 2010-2011, strain predominance varied among prefectures. In Hokkaido, Niigata, Gunma and Nagasaki, A(H3N2) viruses (A/Perth/16/2009-like) were predominant whereas, in Kyoto, Hyogo and Osaka, A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses (A/New_York/10/2009-like) were predominant. Influenza B Victoria(HA)-Yamagata(NA) reassortant viruses (B/Brisbane/60/2008-like) were predominant while a small proportion was in Yamagata lineage. Genetic variants with mutations at antigenic sites were identified in A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2) and type-B viruses in the 2010-2011 season but did not show a change in antigenicity when compared with respective vaccine strains. © 2012 Dapat et al.
Maruyama K.,Niigata Seiryo University |
Yorifuji T.,Okayama University of Science |
Tsuda T.,Okayama University of Science |
Sekikawa T.,Nuttari Clinic |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology | Year: 2012
Background. Large-scale poisonings caused by methyl mercury (MeHg) have occurred in Japan (Minamata in the 1950s and Niigata in the 1960s) and Iraq (in the 1970s). The current WHO neurological risk standard for adult exposure (hair level: 50g/g) was based partly on evidence from Niigata which did not consider any cases who were diagnosed later and/or exposed to low level of MeHg (hair mercury level less than 50g/g). Methods. Early in the Niigata epidemic in June 1965 there were two extensive surveys. From these two surveys, we examined 103 adults with hair mercury measurement who consulted two medical institutions. We compared the prevalence and the distribution of neurological signs related to MeHg poisoning between exposure categories. Result. We found 48 subjects with neurological signs related to MeHg poisoning who had hair mercury concentration less than 50g/g. Among the neurological signs, sensory disturbance of the bilateral distal extremities was observed more frequently, followed by disequilibrium, hearing impairment, and ataxia, in groups with hair MeHg concentration both below 50g/g and over 50g/g. Conclusion. The present study suggests the possibility that exposure to MeHg at levels below the current WHO limits could cause neurologic signs, in particular, sensory disturbance. © Copyright 2012 Kimio Maruyama et al.
Dapat C.,Niigata University |
Saito R.,Niigata University |
Suzuki H.,Niigata Seiryo University |
Horigome T.,Niigata University
Virus Research | Year: 2014
The emergence of antiviral drug-resistant influenza viruses highlights the need for alternative therapeutic strategies. Elucidation of host factors required during virus infection provides information not only on the signaling pathways involved but also on the identification of novel drug targets. RNA interference screening method had been utilized by several studies to determine these host factors; however, proteomics data on influenza host factors are currently limited. In this study, quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of human lung cell line (A549) infected with 2009 pandemic influenza virus A (H1N1) virus was performed. Phosphopeptides were enriched from tryptic digests of total protein of infected and mock-infected cells using a titania column on an automated purification system followed by iTRAQ labeling. Identification and quantitative analysis of iTRAQ-labeled phosphopeptides were performed using LC-MS/MS. We identified 366 phosphorylation sites on 283 proteins. Of these, we detected 43 upregulated and 35 downregulated proteins during influenza virus infection. Gene ontology enrichment analysis showed that majority of the identified proteins are phosphoproteins involved in RNA processing, immune system process and response to infection. Host-virus interaction network analysis had identified 23 densely connected subnetworks. Of which, 13 subnetworks contained proteins with altered phosphorylation levels during by influenza virus infection. Our results will help to identify potential drug targets that can be pursued for influenza antiviral drug development. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Ikeda K.,Niigata Seiryo University |
Nakamura K.,Niigata University
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine | Year: 2014
Objectives: Mobile phones are commonly used by adolescents. The aim of this study was to clarify associations between duration of mobile phone use and psychological mood in high school students. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 2,785 high school students in Niigata, Japan. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on sex, school year, hours of mobile phone use, psychological mood status, and possible confounders. Psychological mood outcomes were evaluated with the Mood Inventory, developed and validated in 1994, which includes five subcomponents with total scores ranging from 8 to 32 (higher score indicates stronger feeling): "Tension and excitement," "Refreshing mood," "Fatigue," "Depressed mood," and "Anxious mood." Analysis of covariance with Bonferroni's multiple comparison was used to compare mean values among quartiles of hours of mobile phone use. Results: Among the respondents, mean mobile phone use per week was 24 (median 18) h. Long-duration mobile phone use was associated with female students, no participation in sports club activities, early mobile phone use, and fewer hours spent sleeping (all P < 0.001). Overall associations between hours of mobile phone use and total scores were significant for "Depressed mood" ( P for trend = 0.005), "Tension and excitement" (P for trend <0.001), and "Fatigue" (P for trend < 0.001). Total scores for "Depressed mood," "Tension and excitement," and "Fatigue" of the fourth quartile (≥33 h/week) of mobile phone use were significantly higher than for other quartiles (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: Increased duration of mobile phone use is associated with unfavorable psychological mood, in particular, a depressed mood. Decreasing mobile phone use may help maintain appropriate mental health in very longduration users. © The Japanese Society for Hygiene 2013.
Natsui M.,Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital |
Honma T.,Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital |
Genda T.,Juntendo University |
Nakadaira H.,Niigata Seiryo University
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2011
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) has appeared with the expectation of better preserving sphincter of Oddi function than endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST), whether it can more effectively prevent bacterial contamination of the biliary tract than EST is controversial. To address this issue, we investigated the bacterial flora in the bile after the two procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-six patients were alternately allocated to EPBD or EST. Blood-liver function tests, ultrasonography, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were performed 6 months and 2 years after EPBD or EST, and the bile was sampled for bacterial culture during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Bactobilia and late complications were prospectively compared between the two procedures. RESULTS: Overall, no significant difference was found in the incidence of bactobilia between EPBD and EST at the two examination points. Limiting stone diameter to 8 mm or less, there was a trend toward lower rate of bactobilia in the EPBD group 2 years later although the statistical significance disappeared after correction for multiple comparisons. The absence rate of late complications after EPBD was higher than that after EST, but there was no significant difference between the two procedures, both for the overall patients and for the patients with small stones. CONCLUSION: EPBD has a possibility of suppressing bacterial contamination of the biliary tract compared with EST in patients with small stones. A large, long-term follow-up, randomized, controlled trial is necessary to clarify whether this benefit of EPBD reduces late complications. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Natsui M.,Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital |
Saito Y.,Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital |
Abe S.,Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital |
Iwanaga A.,Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Digestive Endoscopy | Year: 2013
Aim We recently reported that endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) might suppress biliary bacterial contamination better than endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) in patients with small bile duct stones (diameter ≤8 mm). In the present study, we evaluated immediate and long-term outcomes of endoscopic papillary balloon dilation with regard to stone size. Methods We allocated 474 patients alternately to the two procedures. The patients were classified according to stone diameter (≤8 mm or >8 mm) and outcomes (i.e. complete stone removal, early complications, and late complications) were compared. The predictive risk factors for late complications were also investigated. Results In patients with small stones, complete stone removal rate and early complication rate were similar between the two procedures; the incidence of pancreatitis was higher after EPBD, although the difference was not significant. Late complication rate and stone recurrence rate were significantly lower after EPBD than after EST (5.3% vs 17.3%, P = 0.009; 4.4% vs 12.7%; P = 0.048, respectively). In patients with large stones who underwent EPBD complete stone removal rate and late complication rate were lower, but the incidence of pancreatitis was higher. However, these differences were not statistically significant. Multivariate analysis showed that the increased risk of bactobilia following EPBD for large stones or EST, and the gallbladder with stones in situ were independent risk factors for late complications. Conclusions EPBD produced significantly better long-term outcomes than EST in patients with small bile duct stones. © 2012 The Authors. Digestive Endoscopy © 2012 Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society.
Soga J.,Niigata Seiryo University
Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine | Year: 2012
In the present review, the malignant entity of so-called carcinoid is discussed from three points of view: [I] The earliest extraglandular(intramucosal) invasion of neoplastic cells following a focal penetration of the basement membrane of a gastric gland in the form of a "budding phenomenon", confirmed on multiple consecutive serial sections. [II] Reevaluation of the original diagram of the submucosal tumor, that is a result of invasion from the original site in the mucosa. [III] Analysis of human materials on metastasis rates at the stage of submucosal-nodule formation in the stomach and rectum. It is confirmed that carcinoid is a malignant epithelial neoplasm at its origin, and that the term carcinoid is a misnomer. Recognizing such an entity, it is emphasized that this nomenclature should be preserved for a future research activities, while the other nomenclature more adequate and generally acceptable for this neoplasm should be world-widely sought. The author's proposal is that the two terms are best expressed using parentheses; e.g. endocrinocarcinoma (carcinoid) or vice versa.
Yokotani K.,Niigata Prison |
Yokotani K.,Niigata Seiryo University |
Tamura K.,Niigata Prison
Prevention Science | Year: 2015
Addiction is serious problem that requires effective treatment. Previous studies support personalized feedback interventions (PFIs) as an effective treatment for drinking; however, the potential beneficial effects of this treatment on illegal drug use have not been explored. The present study examined the effects of PFIs in a sample of repetitive drug-related offenders. Participants were 50 repetitive drug-related offenders incarcerated in a Japanese prison. They were randomly assigned to the PFIs (n = 20) or control (n = 30) group. The PFIs group received six letters for 3 months, whereas the control group did not undergo any interventions. We defined relapse and recidivism as drug-related reoffending and reentering prison after release, respectively. In the 3.6-year follow-up analysis (range, 0.1–5.8 years), participants’ criminal records were examined, and results indicated a decreased risk of relapse and recidivism for the PFIs group relative to the control group, even when controlling for age, educational level, number of prison terms, and sentence length. Thus, our findings suggest that PFIs reduce the likelihood of relapse and recidivism in drug-related offenders. © 2015, Society for Prevention Research.