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PubMed | Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine, Alcare Co., Sanjo General Hospital, Ninoji Onsen Hospital and Niigata University of Health and Welfare
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association | Year: 2016

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial disease that is affected by mechanical factors. The aim of present study was to investigate the association between multiple mechanical factors and medial knee OA in a large epidemiological cohort.Six hundred and ninety-nine subjects (323 males and 376 females), participating in the Matsudai Knee Osteoarthritis Survey 2010, were included. Twelve mechanical factors were selected and their association with the radiographic grade of knee OA, the Western Ontario and McMaster University Index (WOMAC) pain score, and the WOMAC function score was evaluated.A logistic regression analysis identified varus thrust to be associated with the radiographic grade of knee OA in males (OR: 1.876, 95% CI: 1.332-2.663) and females (2.61, 1.922-3.542), the WOMAC pain score in males (1.997, 1.463-2.672), and the WOMAC function score in females (1.449, 1.12-1.874). Quadriceps muscle strength was associated with the radiographic OA grade in males (0.605, 0.399-0.917) and females (0.636, 0.469-0.863), the WOMAC pain score in females (0.537, 0.445-0.789), and the WOMAC function score in males (0.581, 0.44-0.766). The knee flexion angle was also associated with the radiographic OA grade in males (0.344, 0.19-0.621) and females (0.121, 0.022-0.653), and the WOMAC pain score in males (0.287, 0.156-0.53) and females (0.537, 0.336-0.859). Obesity was associated with the radiographic OA grade in males (1.543, 1.041-2.287) and females (1.589, 1.176-2.146), the WOMAC pain score in female (2.017, 1.517-2.68). Femolo-tibial angle had no significant association with the radiographic knee OA grade or with the WOMAC pain and function scores.Among patients with medial knee OA, dynamic mechanical factors, such as varus thrust, quadriceps muscle strength, and range of motion were more likely to be associated with the radiographic grade of knee OA and to be the WOMAC pain and function scores, compared to static mechanical factors.


PubMed | Nioji Onsen Hospital, University of Michigan, Saiseikai Niigata Daini Hospital, Niigata University and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA | Year: 2016

To characterize femoral deformities and determine sex differences in varus knee osteoarthritis (OA), femoral morphology and limb alignment were evaluated by using three-dimensional (3D) assessment, comparing healthy, elderly volunteers with osteoarthritic knees.A total of 178 lower limbs of 169 subjects with knee osteoarthritis (136 women, 33 men; mean age 74.95.2years) and 80 lower limbs of 45 healthy, elderly subjects (24 women, 21 men; mean age 654.9years) were examined. A 3D extremity alignment assessment system was used to examine the subjects under weight-bearing conditions on biplanar long-leg radiographs using a 3D-to-2D image registration technique. The evaluation parameters were (1) femoral bowing in the coronal plane, (2) femoral bowing in the sagittal plane, (3) femoral neck anteversion, (4) hip-knee-ankle angle, and (5) femoral torsion.Higher femoral lateral bowing and slightly higher femoral internal torsion in the proximal diaphysis were observed in women with OA compared with healthy subjects. No difference in the higher varus malalignment, no alteration in the femoral anterior bowing, and no difference in the lower femoral neck anteversion were found between men and women when comparing healthy and OA subjects.The higher femoral lateral bowing and slightly higher femoral internal torsion in the proximal diaphysis in women are possibly a structural adaptation to mechanical use. The clinical significance is that the femoral deformities and the sex differences in knee OA have the potential to improve the understanding of the aetiology of primary varus knee OA.IV.


PubMed | Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine, Niigata University of Management, Niigata University and Niigata University of Health and Welfare
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of sports physical therapy | Year: 2015

A smaller knee flexion angle and larger knee valgus angle during weight-bearing activities have been identified as risk factors for non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. To prevent such injuries, attention has been focused on the role of hip strength in knee motion control. However, gender differences in the relationship between hip strength and knee kinematics during weight-bearing activities in the frontal plane have not been evaluated.The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of hip strength on knee kinematics in both genders during a single-legged landing task in the frontal plane. The hypotheses were that 1) subjects with a greater hip strength would demonstrate larger knee flexion and smaller knee valgus and internal rotation angles and 2) no gender differences would exist during the single-legged landing task.Forty-three Japanese collegiate basketball players (20 males, 23 females) participated in this study. Three-dimensional motion analysis was used to evaluate knee kinematics during a single-legged medial drop landing (SML). A hand-held dynamometer was used to assess hip extensor (HEXT), abductor (HAB), and external rotator (in two positions: seated position [SHER] and prone [PHER]) isometric strength. Spearman rank correlation coefficients () were determined for correlations between hip strength and knee kinematics at initial contact (IC) and peak (PK) during SML (p<0.05).Negative correlations were observed between the knee valgus angle at IC and HEXT ( = -0.48, p = 0.02), HAB ( = -0.46, p = 0.03) and PHER ( = -0.44, p = 0.04) strength in females. In addition, a significant positive correlation was observed between the knee flexion angle at PK and HEXT strength ( = 0.61, p = 0.004) in males.Significant correlations between hip strength and knee kinematics during SML were observed in both genders. Hip strength may, therefore, play an important role in knee motion control during sports activities, suggesting that increased hip strength may help to prevent non-contact ACL injuries in athletes of both genders. Moreover, gender-specific programs may be needed to control abnormal knee motion, as the influence of hip strength on knee kinematics may differ based on gender.3.


Omori G.,Niigata University | Koga Y.,Niigata Medical Center | Tanaka M.,Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine | Nawata A.,Alcare Co. | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Science | Year: 2013

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial disease and strongly affected by mechanical factors. The aims of the present study were to assess validity and reliability of a new muscle strength measuring device, the Quadriceps Training Machine (QTM) and evaluate the relationship between quadriceps strength measured by QTM and radiographic knee OA by epidemiological survey. Methods: The isometric knee extension muscle strength of QTM was compared with BIODEX in 24 healthy adults. Then, the relationship between radiographic knee OA and quadriceps strength using QTM was investigated with 2,032 knees in 1,016 subjects by an epidemiological survey (Matsudai Knee Osteoarthritis Survey). Results: Significant correlation was observed between QTM and BIODEX (r = 0.69, 0.82). In the Matsudai Knee Osteoarthritis Survey, the prevalence of radiographic OA (grade II or higher upon Kellgren-Lawrence classification) was: 13, 36.9, 67.8, and 86.5 %, regarding women in their fifties, sixties, seventies, and eighties, respectively, and was 1.7, 13.4, 33.5, and 66.2 % regarding men, respectively. Quadriceps muscle strength declined following 50 years of age, and significant decline was observed in the their sixties and seventies. Quadriceps muscle strength of the OA group (grades II, III and IV) was significantly declined compared with that of the Non-OA group (grade-0 and I). Furthermore, the tendency of the muscle strength level to decline with the progression of knee OA grade was particularly observed between grade 0 and grade I in both men and women and between grade I and grade II in men. Conclusion: The relationship between radiographic knee OA and quadriceps strength was quantitatively evaluated by an epidemiological survey, and we found a correlation between knee OA and the decline in quadriceps strength. Furthermore, it was suggested that the decline in quadriceps muscle strength may be more strongly related to the incidence of knee OA than to its progression. © 2013 The Japanese Orthopaedic Association.


PubMed | Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine, Ninouji Spa Hospital, Niigata University and Niigata University of Health and Welfare
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gait & posture | Year: 2015

We recently developed a new method for three-dimensional evaluation of mechanical factors affecting knee joint in order to help identify factors that contribute to the progression of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This study aimed to verify the clinical validity of our method by evaluating knee joint dynamics during gait. Subjects were 41 individuals (14 normal knees; 8 mild KOAs; 19 severe KOAs). The positions of skin markers attached to the body were captured during gait, and bi-planar X-ray images of the lower extremities were obtained in standing position. The positional relationship between the markers and femorotibial bones was determined from the X-ray images. Combining this relationship with gait capture allowed for the estimation of relative movement between femorotibial bones. We also calculated the point of intersection of loading axis of knee on the tibial proximal surface (LAK point) to analyze knee joint dynamics. Knee flexion range in subjects with severe KOA during gait was significantly smaller than that in those with normal knees (p=0.011), and knee adduction in those with severe KOA was significantly larger than in those with mild KOA (p<0.000). LAK point was locally loaded on the medial compartment of the tibial surface as KOA progressed, with LAK point of subjects with severe KOA rapidly shifting medially during loading response. Local loading and medial shear force were applied to the tibial surface during stance phase as medial KOA progressed. Our findings suggest that our method is useful for the quantitative evaluation of mechanical factors that affect KOA progression.


PubMed | Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine, Hokuetsu Hospital, Niigata University and Niigata Medical Center
Type: | Journal: Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association | Year: 2017

The relative torsional angle of the distal tibia is dependent on a deformity of the proximal tibia, and it is a commonly used torsional parameter to describe deformities of the tibia; however, this parameter cannot show the location and direction of the torsional deformity in the entire tibia. This study aimed to identify the detailed deformity in the entire tibia via a coordinate system based on the diaphysis of the tibia by comparing varus osteoarthritic knees to healthy knees.In total, 61 limbs in 58 healthy subjects (age: 5418 years) and 55 limbs in 50 varus osteoarthritis (OA) subjects (age: 727 years) were evaluated. The original coordinate system based on anatomic points only from the tibial diaphysis was established. The evaluation parameters were 1) the relative torsion in the distal tibia to the proximal tibia, 2) the proximal tibial torsion relative to the tibial diaphysis, and 3) the distal tibial torsion relative to the tibial diaphysis.The relative torsion in the distal tibia to the proximal tibia showed external torsion in both groups, while the external torsion was lower in the OA group than in the healthy group (p<0.0001). The proximal tibial torsion relative to the tibial diaphysis had a higher external torsion in the OA group (p=0.012), and the distal tibial torsion relative to the tibial diaphysis had a higher internal torsion in the OA group (p=0.004) in comparison to the healthy group.The reverse torsional deformity, showing a higher external torsion in the proximal tibia and a higher internal torsion in the distal tibia, occurred independently in the OA group in comparison to the healthy group. Clinically, this finding may prove to be a pathogenic factor in varus osteoarthritic knees.Level .


Hoshino Y.,Niigata University | Koya T.,Niigata University | Kagamu H.,Niigata University | Tsukioka K.,Niigata University | And 6 more authors.
Allergology International | Year: 2015

Abstract Background Asthma has a higher prevalence in athlete populations such as Olympic athletes than in the general population. Correct diagnosis and management of asthma in athletes is important for symptom control and avoidance of doping accusations. However, few reports are available on asthma treatment in the athlete population in clinical practice. In this study, we focused on the clinical efficacy of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) for asthma in a Japanese athlete population. Methods The study subjects included athletes who visited the Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine, Niigata, Japan for athletic tests and who were diagnosed with asthma on the basis of respiratory symptoms and positive results in a bronchodilator or bronchial provocation test such as exercise, hypertonic saline, or methacholine provocation. The athletes received ICS alone for at least 3 months, and the clinical background, sports type, and treatment efficacy were analyzed. Results The study population comprised 80 athletes (59 men and 21 women) with a median age of 16.0 years. Regarding sports type, 28 athletes engaged in winter sports (35%), 22 in endurance sports (27.5%), and 25 in indoor sports (31.3%). Although ICS is the primary treatment in athlete asthma, 16.3% of the athletes showed an unsatisfactory response to treatment according to the Global Evaluation of Treatment Effectiveness (GETE). These subjects were characterized by a decreased response to methacholine and lower values for FEV1/FVC and type 2 helper T cell (Th2)-associated biomarkers relative to responsive athletes. In multivariate analysis, FEV1/FVC and the logarithm to the base 10 of the IgE level were independently associated with the ICS response. Conclusions These data suggest that ICS is effective for asthma in most athletes. However, certain asthmatic athletes are less responsive to ICS than expected. The pathogenesis in these subjects may differ from that of conventional asthma characterized by chronic allergic airway inflammation. © 2014 Japanese Society of Allergology.


Yamamoto-Kabasawa K.,Niigata University | Hosojima M.,Niigata University | Yata Y.,Niigata University | Saito M.,Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology | Year: 2015

Background: Albuminuria is a biomarker for chronic kidney disease and an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. A recent meta-analysis concluded that these risks increase with urinary albumin concentration, even when below the microalbuminuria threshold. Thus, minimizing urinary albumin may be a valuable therapeutic goal regardless of disease status. Methods: We investigated the benefits and safety of a 12-week lifestyle modification program including diet and combined aerobic and resistance exercise for reducing albuminuria in 295 normoalbuminuric or microalbuminuric Japanese adults, including 30 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 104 with metabolic syndrome (MS), and 145 with hypertension (HT). Results: In the study population, the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR) was reduced significantly (ΔUACR −3.8 ± 16.8 mg/g, P < 0.001) with no change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (ΔeGFR −0.4 ± 7.4 mL/min/1.73 m2, P = 0.343). The reduction in UACR was associated with decreased fasting plasma glucose (P < 0.05). The UACR was also reduced in the T2DM, MS, and HT groups with no change in eGFR. Reduced UACR was associated with decreased fasting plasma glucose in the MS group and decreased systolic blood pressure in the HT group. The UACR was also reduced in 46 subjects using renin–angiotensin system inhibitors with no change in eGFR. Conclusions: Our 12-week lifestyle modification program reduced UACR, maintained eGFR, and improved multiple fitness findings in Japanese subjects including T2DM, MS, and HT patients. © 2015, Japanese Society of Nephrology.


PubMed | Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine and Niigata University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical and experimental nephrology | Year: 2015

Albuminuria is a biomarker for chronic kidney disease and an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. A recent meta-analysis concluded that these risks increase with urinary albumin concentration, even when below the microalbuminuria threshold. Thus, minimizing urinary albumin may be a valuable therapeutic goal regardless of disease status.We investigated the benefits and safety of a 12-week lifestyle modification program including diet and combined aerobic and resistance exercise for reducing albuminuria in 295 normoalbuminuric or microalbuminuric Japanese adults, including 30 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 104 with metabolic syndrome (MS), and 145 with hypertension (HT).In the study population, the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR) was reduced significantly (UACR -3.8 16.8 mg/g, P < 0.001) with no change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (eGFR -0.4 7.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2), P = 0.343). The reduction in UACR was associated with decreased fasting plasma glucose (P < 0.05). The UACR was also reduced in the T2DM, MS, and HT groups with no change in eGFR. Reduced UACR was associated with decreased fasting plasma glucose in the MS group and decreased systolic blood pressure in the HT group. The UACR was also reduced in 46 subjects using renin-angiotensin system inhibitors with no change in eGFR.Our 12-week lifestyle modification program reduced UACR, maintained eGFR, and improved multiple fitness findings in Japanese subjects including T2DM, MS, and HT patients.


PubMed | Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine and Niigata University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Allergology international : official journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology | Year: 2015

Asthma has a higher prevalence in athlete populations such as Olympic athletes than in the general population. Correct diagnosis and management of asthma in athletes is important for symptom control and avoidance of doping accusations. However, few reports are available on asthma treatment in the athlete population in clinical practice. In this study, we focused on the clinical efficacy of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) for asthma in a Japanese athlete population.The study subjects included athletes who visited the Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine, Niigata, Japan for athletic tests and who were diagnosed with asthma on the basis of respiratory symptoms and positive results in a bronchodilator or bronchial provocation test such as exercise, hypertonic saline, or methacholine provocation. The athletes received ICS alone for at least 3 months, and the clinical background, sports type, and treatment efficacy were analyzed.The study population comprised 80 athletes (59 men and 21 women) with a median age of 16.0 years. Regarding sports type, 28 athletes engaged in winter sports (35%), 22 in endurance sports (27.5%), and 25 in indoor sports (31.3%). Although ICS is the primary treatment in athlete asthma, 16.3% of the athletes showed an unsatisfactory response to treatment according to the Global Evaluation of Treatment Effectiveness (GETE). These subjects were characterized by a decreased response to methacholine and lower values for FEV1/FVC and type 2 helper T cell (Th2)-associated biomarkers relative to responsive athletes. In multivariate analysis, FEV1/FVC and the logarithm to the base 10 of the IgE level were independently associated with the ICS response.These data suggest that ICS is effective for asthma in most athletes. However, certain asthmatic athletes are less responsive to ICS than expected. The pathogenesis in these subjects may differ from that of conventional asthma characterized by chronic allergic airway inflammation.

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