Omori G.,Niigata University |
Koga Y.,Niigata Medical Center |
Tanaka M.,Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine |
Nawata A.,Alcare Co. |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Science
Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial disease and strongly affected by mechanical factors. The aims of the present study were to assess validity and reliability of a new muscle strength measuring device, the Quadriceps Training Machine (QTM) and evaluate the relationship between quadriceps strength measured by QTM and radiographic knee OA by epidemiological survey. Methods: The isometric knee extension muscle strength of QTM was compared with BIODEX in 24 healthy adults. Then, the relationship between radiographic knee OA and quadriceps strength using QTM was investigated with 2,032 knees in 1,016 subjects by an epidemiological survey (Matsudai Knee Osteoarthritis Survey). Results: Significant correlation was observed between QTM and BIODEX (r = 0.69, 0.82). In the Matsudai Knee Osteoarthritis Survey, the prevalence of radiographic OA (grade II or higher upon Kellgren-Lawrence classification) was: 13, 36.9, 67.8, and 86.5 %, regarding women in their fifties, sixties, seventies, and eighties, respectively, and was 1.7, 13.4, 33.5, and 66.2 % regarding men, respectively. Quadriceps muscle strength declined following 50 years of age, and significant decline was observed in the their sixties and seventies. Quadriceps muscle strength of the OA group (grades II, III and IV) was significantly declined compared with that of the Non-OA group (grade-0 and I). Furthermore, the tendency of the muscle strength level to decline with the progression of knee OA grade was particularly observed between grade 0 and grade I in both men and women and between grade I and grade II in men. Conclusion: The relationship between radiographic knee OA and quadriceps strength was quantitatively evaluated by an epidemiological survey, and we found a correlation between knee OA and the decline in quadriceps strength. Furthermore, it was suggested that the decline in quadriceps muscle strength may be more strongly related to the incidence of knee OA than to its progression. © 2013 The Japanese Orthopaedic Association. Source
Hoshino Y.,Niigata University |
Koya T.,Niigata University |
Kagamu H.,Niigata University |
Tsukioka K.,Niigata University |
And 6 more authors.
Abstract Background Asthma has a higher prevalence in athlete populations such as Olympic athletes than in the general population. Correct diagnosis and management of asthma in athletes is important for symptom control and avoidance of doping accusations. However, few reports are available on asthma treatment in the athlete population in clinical practice. In this study, we focused on the clinical efficacy of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) for asthma in a Japanese athlete population. Methods The study subjects included athletes who visited the Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine, Niigata, Japan for athletic tests and who were diagnosed with asthma on the basis of respiratory symptoms and positive results in a bronchodilator or bronchial provocation test such as exercise, hypertonic saline, or methacholine provocation. The athletes received ICS alone for at least 3 months, and the clinical background, sports type, and treatment efficacy were analyzed. Results The study population comprised 80 athletes (59 men and 21 women) with a median age of 16.0 years. Regarding sports type, 28 athletes engaged in winter sports (35%), 22 in endurance sports (27.5%), and 25 in indoor sports (31.3%). Although ICS is the primary treatment in athlete asthma, 16.3% of the athletes showed an unsatisfactory response to treatment according to the Global Evaluation of Treatment Effectiveness (GETE). These subjects were characterized by a decreased response to methacholine and lower values for FEV1/FVC and type 2 helper T cell (Th2)-associated biomarkers relative to responsive athletes. In multivariate analysis, FEV1/FVC and the logarithm to the base 10 of the IgE level were independently associated with the ICS response. Conclusions These data suggest that ICS is effective for asthma in most athletes. However, certain asthmatic athletes are less responsive to ICS than expected. The pathogenesis in these subjects may differ from that of conventional asthma characterized by chronic allergic airway inflammation. © 2014 Japanese Society of Allergology. Source
Nishino K.,Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine |
Omori G.,Niigata University of Health and Welfare |
Koga Y.,Ninouji Spa Hospital |
Kobayashi K.,Niigata University |
And 4 more authors.
Gait and Posture
We recently developed a new method for three-dimensional evaluation of mechanical factors affecting knee joint in order to help identify factors that contribute to the progression of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This study aimed to verify the clinical validity of our method by evaluating knee joint dynamics during gait. Subjects were 41 individuals (14 normal knees; 8 mild KOAs; 19 severe KOAs). The positions of skin markers attached to the body were captured during gait, and bi-planar X-ray images of the lower extremities were obtained in standing position. The positional relationship between the markers and femorotibial bones was determined from the X-ray images. Combining this relationship with gait capture allowed for the estimation of relative movement between femorotibial bones. We also calculated the point of intersection of loading axis of knee on the tibial proximal surface (LAK point) to analyze knee joint dynamics. Knee flexion range in subjects with severe KOA during gait was significantly smaller than that in those with normal knees (p= 0.011), and knee adduction in those with severe KOA was significantly larger than in those with mild KOA (p< 0.000). LAK point was locally loaded on the medial compartment of the tibial surface as KOA progressed, with LAK point of subjects with severe KOA rapidly shifting medially during loading response. Local loading and medial shear force were applied to the tibial surface during stance phase as medial KOA progressed. Our findings suggest that our method is useful for the quantitative evaluation of mechanical factors that affect KOA progression. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source
Yamamoto-Kabasawa K.,Niigata University |
Hosojima M.,Niigata University |
Yata Y.,Niigata University |
Saito M.,Niigata Institute for Health and Sports Medicine |
And 6 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Background: Albuminuria is a biomarker for chronic kidney disease and an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. A recent meta-analysis concluded that these risks increase with urinary albumin concentration, even when below the microalbuminuria threshold. Thus, minimizing urinary albumin may be a valuable therapeutic goal regardless of disease status. Methods: We investigated the benefits and safety of a 12-week lifestyle modification program including diet and combined aerobic and resistance exercise for reducing albuminuria in 295 normoalbuminuric or microalbuminuric Japanese adults, including 30 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 104 with metabolic syndrome (MS), and 145 with hypertension (HT). Results: In the study population, the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR) was reduced significantly (ΔUACR −3.8 ± 16.8 mg/g, P < 0.001) with no change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (ΔeGFR −0.4 ± 7.4 mL/min/1.73 m2, P = 0.343). The reduction in UACR was associated with decreased fasting plasma glucose (P < 0.05). The UACR was also reduced in the T2DM, MS, and HT groups with no change in eGFR. Reduced UACR was associated with decreased fasting plasma glucose in the MS group and decreased systolic blood pressure in the HT group. The UACR was also reduced in 46 subjects using renin–angiotensin system inhibitors with no change in eGFR. Conclusions: Our 12-week lifestyle modification program reduced UACR, maintained eGFR, and improved multiple fitness findings in Japanese subjects including T2DM, MS, and HT patients. © 2015, Japanese Society of Nephrology. Source