Niigata College of Nursing
Joetsu, Japan

Niigata College of Nursing is a public university at Joetsu, Niigata, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1977, and it was chartered as a university in 2002. Wikipedia.

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Iida C.,Niigata College of Nursing
Kitakanto Medical Journal | Year: 2011

Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify seasonal changes of the physical activity in daily life of the elderly living in snowy regions. Subjects and Methods: Five healthy elderly individuals living in a snowy region were given pedometers for seven days every month in 2008, and analyses were performed on the research subjects' step counts, periods of activity, and personal journal contents. They received explanations of the research aims, methods, confidentiality, and free choice to participate. Results: Two of the subjects had high step counts and several periods of physical activity during spring to autumn, and were less active during winter. No seasonal changes were observed in the other three subjects. Within the journals maintained by the two individuals in whom seasonal changes were observed goals had been set for the number of steps to take, self-evaluations were present, and plans to achieve goals had been recorded. Conclusions: It was thought that a positive attitude toward self-management, behavioral characteristics affected changes in physical activity. It is difficult to maintain the amount of physical activity in winter. There is a need for places and opportunities that will lessen the effects of unfavorable winter weather conditions in snowy regions.

Nagayoshi M.,Niigata College of Nursing | Murao H.,Kobe University | Tamaki H.,Kobe University
Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 15th'10 | Year: 2010

Reinforcement Learning (RL) attracts much attention as a technique of realizing computational intelligence such as adaptive and autonomous decentralized systems. In general, however, it is not easy to put RL into practical use. This difficulty includes a problem of designing a suitable action space of an agent, i.e., satisfying two requirements in trade-off: (i) to keep the characteristics (or structure) of an original search space as much as possible in order to seek strategies that lie close to the optimal, and (ii) to reduce the search space as much as possible in order to expedite the learning process. In order to design a suitable action space adaptively, in this paper, we propose a RL model with switching controllers based on Q-learning and Actor-Critic to mimic a process of an infant's motor development in which gross motor skills develop before fine motor skills. Then, a method for switching controllers is constructed by introducing and referring to the "entropy". Further, through computational experiments by using a path planning problem with continuous action space, the validity and the potential of the proposed method have been confirmed. © 2010 ISAROB.

Nagayoshi M.,Niigata College of Nursing | Murao H.,Kobe University | Tamaki H.,Kobe University
Artificial Life and Robotics | Year: 2012

Engineers and researchers are paying more attention to reinforcement learning (RL) as a key technique for realizing adaptive and autonomous decentralized systems. In general, however, it is not easy to put RL into practical use. Our approach mainly deals with the problem of designing state and action spaces. Previously, an adaptive state space construction method which is called a "state space filter" and an adaptive action space construction method which is called "switching RL", have been proposed after the other space has been fixed. Then, we have reconstituted these two construction methods as one method by treating the former method and the latter method as a combined method for mimicking an infant's perceptual and motor developments and we have proposed a method which is based on introducing and referring to "entropy". In this paper, a computational experiment was conducted using a so-called "robot navigation problem" with three-dimensional continuous state space and two-dimensional continuous action space which is more complicated than a so-called "path planning problem". As a result, the validity of the proposed method has been confirmed. © 2012 ISAROB.

The present study aimed to clarify the efficacy and issues of a confirmation system involving videobased self-evaluation regarding nursing students' skill in changing the sheets of bedridden patients. Skill acquisition status, students' ability to deliver accurate self-evaluations consistent with those of their teachers, and students' perceptions of the system were analyzed for 14 first-year students at N University. The system was positively perceived by the majority of students, and comparison of initial and repeat technique implementation after video-based confirmation revealed improved ability in all students. Particular improvements and a certain level of learning effect were observed for aspects of the nursing technique that demonstrated comparatively high degrees of consistency between student self-evaluations and teacher evaluations, specifically creases and slackness', consideration given to avoiding jolting the patient', position and balance', and making corners'. These aspects were also visually easy to perceive. Conversely, little improvement was observed for aspects for which there was low consistency between student and teacher evaluations, specifically observing and talking to patients' and body mechanics'. Further research is required regarding issues such as efficient confirmation methods and examining teaching materials and methods for more deliberately teaching these important points.

The present study aimed to investigate the utility of a dietary habit check sheet developed by the authors as a method of self-reviewing dietary habits. Dietary habit characteristics were extracted from the completed check sheets of 42 university nursing students, which were then analyzed from the perspective of appropriateness of self-evaluations and awareness changes aimed at dietary improvements based on individual realizations regarding dietary habits. The results revealed 11 balance patterns across the four Kagawa food groups with some deficiency of groups 1, 3 and 4and a tendency towards excessive intake of group 2 observed overall. Application of the check sheet increased students' interest in dietary habits and enabled them to evaluate dietary habit characteristics, such as imbalanced food group intake, and to analyze dietary habit imbalances by reviewing their specific dietary situation and to investigate the cause of the imbalance. Furthermore, the check sheet provided motivation for dietary habit improvement and elicited specific improvement measures. Reasonable appropriateness of self-evaluation as confirmed by extracted dietary habit characteristics and ease of check sheet use were reported for about 80% of students. The present findings suggest that the dietary habit check sheet provided motivation for lifestyle adjustment.

Iwanaga K.,Niigata College of Nursing
Kitakanto Medical Journal | Year: 2016

In our investigation of the development of nursing personnel, we encountered the issue of specialized outpatient nursing units involving collaboration between faculty at nursing education institutions and nursing personnel who engage in clinical nursing. Although these units operate in cooperation with the medical model, they are run independently by nurses and thus differ from the medical model Moreover; these units provide services that utilize expertise in various nursing fields to patients, families, and users. These units provide a setting for nursing practice, education, and research, and as a pioneering approach, we have promoted their awareness within and outside our university. Specialized outpatient nursing units established by nursing personnel are becoming more common nationwide. Nursing expertise will become increasingly essential given the changes in social environment surrounding medicine today. We provide an overview of the educational and research activities conducted thus far through specialized outpatient nursing units from the perspective of the development of nursing personnel in regard to nursing education, the issue of practice settings, and nursing settings that meet the needs of society.

Fujita H.,Niigata College of Nursing
Gerodontology | Year: 2012

Objective: The aims of this study were to examine the number of missing teeth in the people of the Edo period (or number of remaining teeth) and to contribute to the 8020 movement proposed in Japan to help people retain 20 or more of their own teeth until the age of 80. Background: The study of dentition in ancient skeletal remains of our ancestors from multiple perspectives can yield information that can contribute to the study of physical anthropology and the leading edge of modern dental research. Materials and methods: The materials were 82 excavated individuals (52 males and 30 females) from 1603 to 1868 whose maxillas and mandibles were both examinable. The age and sex were estimated by anthropological methods, and the individuals were divided into five groups. The status of missing teeth was compared between groups, and a chi-square test was used to test significant differences between groups. The rates of tooth loss were examined in the maxillas and mandibles. Results: In the people of the Edo period, many teeth remained in good condition until early to late middle age. There were more remaining teeth in these individuals than in modern-day individuals. However, the Edo people clearly showed increased tooth loss with age. There were no differences in tooth loss by sex. The tooth type with a high rate of tooth loss was posterior teeth, but incisor loss also occurred with ageing. Mandibular canines were most likely to be remaining. Conclusion: The Edo people had more remaining teeth than modern-day society. This finding was unexpected. The notion that "people of long past ages lost more teeth more quickly" does not seem to apply to people in the Edo period in Japan. © 2011 The Gerodontology Society and John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Okamura N.,Niigata College of Nursing
Kitakanto Medical Journal | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a nursing training program that utilizes Emotional Intelligence theory for mid-career nurses, and to consider the ideal method of developing human resources in the future. The research participants were comprised of 17 mid-career nurses undergoing leadership training. Using a battery of 2 tests, consisting of the emotional intelligence scale (EQS) and a questionnaire on faculty leadership and membership, the change in emotional skill and skills of leadership and membership were measured before and after the nursing training program. As a result, the subjects demonstrated a significant gain in all three of the aspects that constitute emotional skills: intra-personal aspect, inter-personal aspect, and situational aspect. Again, a significant difference in skills of leadership and membership was evident, with gains in the three areas of leadership, relations with staff members, and feeling affiliation with one's workplace. In the future, to enhance the skills of 'self-insight' and 'situational control, ' which are vital in the effective application of emotion, it is important to carefully select the nursing training program and for the person in charge of the training to take the role of mentor. (Kitakanto Med J 2013; 63: 233~242).

Watanabe H.,Niigata College of Nursing
Nihon Hansenbyō Gakkai zasshi = Japanese journal of leprosy : official organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association | Year: 2013

Vietnam has achieved WHO's leprosy elimination goal at a national level, but there are a lot ofex-leprosy patients who have severe physical disabilities in the leprosy treatment centers and resettlement villages. The purpose of this study is to analyze the quality of life (QOL) of ex-leprosy patients in Vietnam. The study was conducted in two leprosy treatment centers in Vietnam. The SF-36v2 QOL survey was used to evaluate the leprosy patients' health related conditions, and as a comparison group, SF-36v2 QOL survey was provided to a random group from the general population to measure the general groups' health related conditions. For those participants aged from 10 to 29 years old, the patients' group scored lower than the general group in each of the following categories; Role physical, Bodily pain, General health perceptions, Vitality, Social functioning, Role emotional. On the other hand, middle aged and elderly participants were found to show no significant difference between the patients' group and the general group. In comparing the two leprosy treatment centers, the score of Role physical and Role emotional were significantly higher in the leprosy treatment center where vocational training programs for leprosy patients are offered. From these results, the use of vocational training program is one of the effective methods for improving the QOL of the patients' group.

Kazama M.,Niigata College of Nursing | Maruyama K.,Niigata College of Nursing | Nakamura K.,Niigata University
Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

Dysmenorrhea is a common menstrual disorder experienced by adolescents, and its major symptoms, including pain, adversely affect daily life and school performance. However, little epidemiologic evidence on dysmenorrhea in Japanese adolescents exists. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of and identify factors associated with dysmenorrhea in Japanese female junior high school students. Among 1,167 girls aged between 12 and 15 years, 1,018 participants completed a questionnaire that solicited information on age at menarche, menstruation, and lifestyle, as well as demographic characteristics. Dysmenorrhea was defined based on menstrual pain using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), with moderate or severe (moderate-severe) dysmenorrhea, which adversely affects daily life, defined as VAS ≥ 4, and severe dysmenorrhea defined as VAS ≥ 7. The prevalence of moderate-severe dysmenorrhea was 476/1,018 (46.8%), and that of severe dysmenorrhea was 180/1,018 (17.7%). Higher chronological and gynecological ages (years after menarche) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of dysmenorrhea regardless of severity (P for trend < 0.001). In addition, short sleeping hours (< 6/day) were associated with moderate-severe dysmenorrhea (OR = 3.05, 95%CI: 1.06-8.77), and sports activity levels were associated with severe dysmenorrhea (P for trend = 0.045). Our findings suggest that dysmenorrhea that adversely affects daily activities is highly prevalent, and may be associated with certain lifestyle factors in junior high school students. Health education teachers should be made aware of these facts, and appropriately care for those suffering from dysmenorrhea symptoms, absentees, and those experiencing difficulties in school life due to dysmenorrhea symptoms. © 2015 Tohoku University Medical Press.

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