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Niigata-shi, Japan

Tamaki Y.,Osaka University | Sato N.,Niigata Cancer Hospital Center | Homma K.,Niigata Cancer Hospital Center | Takabatake D.,Shikoku Cancer Center | And 11 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to confirm, by means of a multicenter study conducted in Japan, the reliability and usefulness of the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay in routine clinical use for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) of breast cancer patients. METHODS: Patients with Tis-T2N0M0 breast cancer who underwent SLNB before systemic chemotherapy comprised the study cohort. A whole sentinel lymph node (SLN) was examined intraoperatively with the OSNA assay except for a 1-mm-thick, central slice of the lymph node, which underwent pathologic examination after the operation. For patients who underwent axillary dissection, non-SLNs were examined with routine pathologic examination. RESULTS: In total, 417 SLNBs from 413 patients were analyzed. SLN metastases were detected with greater sensitivity by the OSNA assay than by pathologic examination (22.5% vs 15.8%; P <.001), as expected from the difference in size of the specimens examined. Patients who had SLN metastases assessed with the OSNA assay proved to harbor non-SLN metastases with an overall risk ratio of 33.7%. The risk of non-SLN metastasis was significantly lower for patients who had positive SLNs assessed as OSNA+ than for those who had SLNs assessed as OSNA++ (17.6% vs 44%; P =.012). CONCLUSIONS: The OSNA assay can be used for routine clinical SLNB, and its assessment for volume of metastasis may be a powerful predictive factor for non-SLN metastasis. Further studies with more patients are needed to confirm the usefulness of this assay for selection in the clinical setting of patients who do not need axillary dissection. © 2012 American Cancer Society. Source

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