NIICHIMMASH

Moscow, Russia

NIICHIMMASH

Moscow, Russia
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Bobe L.,NIICHIMMASH | Kochetkov A.,NIICHIMMASH | Tsygankov A.,NIICHIMMASH | Romanov S.,RSC Energia | And 4 more authors.
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2013

The paper summarizes the experience gained on the ISS water management system during the missions of ISS-1 through ISS-35 (since November 2, 2000, through May 13, 2013). The water supply sources and structure, consumption and supply balance at various phases of space station operation are reviewed. The performance data of the system for water recovery from humidity condensate SRV-K and urine feed and pretreatment system SPK-U in the Russian orbital segment are presented. The key role of water recovery on the ISS and the need to supplement the station's life support hardware with a system for water reclamation from urine and water from a carbon dioxide reduction system is shown.


Bobe L.S.,NIICHIMMASH | Samsonov N.M.,NIICHIMMASH | Kochetkov A.A.,NIICHIMMASH | Andreychuk P.O.,RSC Energia | And 2 more authors.
41st International Conference on Environmental Systems 2011, ICES 2011 | Year: 2011

The paper summarizes the experience gained with the ISS water management system during the missions ISS-1 through ISS-29 (since November 2, 2000 till January 1, 2011). The water supply sources and structure, consumption and supply balance and balance specifics at various phases of space station operation are reviewed. The performance data of the system for water recovery from humidity condensate SRV-K and urine feed and pretreatment system SPK-U in the Russian orbital segment are presented. The key role of water recovery on board the ISS and the need to supplement the station's water supply hardware with a system for water reclamation from urine SRV-UM is emphasized. The prospects of regenerative water supply system development are considered. © 2011 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved.


Bobe L.,NIICHIMMASH | Kochetkov A.A.,NIICHIMMASH | Tsygankov A.,NIICHIMMASH | Romanov S.,RSC Energia | And 3 more authors.
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2012

The paper deals with the key diagram of a complex of promising systems for water recovery in the man-made ecocycle of cosmonaut support on a space station. Experience analysis in development and operation of regenerative water recovery systems for Russian space stations Salut, Mir and the international space station (ISS) has been made. The chemical processes employed in the water recovery systems are considered and water supply systems for promising space stations are discussed. ©(2012) by the International Astronautieal Federation.


Bobe L.S.,Niichimmash | Kochetkov A.A.,Niichimmash | Soloukhin V.A.,Niichimmash | Tomashpolskiy M.J.,Niichimmash | And 3 more authors.
SAE International Journal of Aerospace | Year: 2011

The paper summarizes the experience gained with the ISS water management system during the missions ISS-1 through ISS-17 (since November 2, 2000, through October 23, 2008). The water supply sources and structure, consumption and supply balance and balance specifics at various phases of space station operation are reviewed. The performance data of the system for water recovery from humidity condensate SRV-K and urine feed and pretreatment system SPK-U in the Russian orbital segment are presented. The key role of water recovery on board the ISS and the need to supplement the station's water supply hardware with a system for water reclamation from urine SRV-U is emphasized. The prospects of regenerative water supply system development are considered. © 2009 SAE International.


Grigoriev A.I.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Sinyak Y.E.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Samsonov N.M.,NIICHIMMASH | Bobe L.S.,NIICHIMMASH | And 2 more authors.
Acta Astronautica | Year: 2011

The history, current status and future prospects of water recovery at space stations are discussed. Due to energy, space and mass limitations physical/chemical processes have been used and will be used in water recovery systems of space stations in the near future. Based on the experience in operation of Russian space stations Salut, Mir and International space station (ISS) the systems for water recovery from humidity condensate and urine are described. A perspective physical/chemical system for water supply will be composed of an integrated system for water recovery from humidity condensate, green house condensate, water from carbon dioxide reduction system and condensate from urine system; a system for water reclamation from urine; hygiene water processing system and a water storage system. Innovative processes and new water recovery systems intended for Lunar and Mars missions have to be tested on the international space station. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Bobe L.S.,NIICHIMMASH | Kochetkov A.A.,NIICHIMMASH | Tsygankov A.S.,NIICHIMMASH | Romanov J.S.,RSC Energia | And 2 more authors.
42nd International Conference on Environmental Systems 2012, ICES 2012 | Year: 2012

The paper summarizes the experience gained with the ISS water management system during the missions ISS-1 through ISS-30 (since November 2, 2000 till January 1, 2012). The water supply sources and structure, consumption and supply balance and balance specifics at various phases of space station operation are reviewed. The performance data of the system for water recovery from humidity condensate SRV-K and urine feed and pretreatment system SPK-U in the Russian orbital segment are presented. The key role of water recovery on board the ISS and the need to supplement the station's water supply hardware with a system for water reclamation from urine SRV-UM is emphasized. The prospects of regenerative water supply system development are considered. © 2012 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved.


Kamaletdinova G.,NIICHIMMASH
61st International Astronautical Congress 2010, IAC 2010 | Year: 2010

One of the basic problems, which restrict implementation of interplanetary flights, is a guarantee of reliability and safety of the onboard system operation and, first of all, Integrated Life Support Systems (ILSS) in conditions autonomous manned spaceflight. "Mars-500" is the project, which allows compiling materials about human behaviour in long-term spaceflight, his mental condition and in-flight performance. The project "Mars-500" includes a series of experiments simulating many aspects of an inter-planetary manned flight. The main part is a series of experiments on long-term isolation of the crew in conditions of the specially built ground-based experiment facility. Real participation of test subjects in the real system service is extremely complicated and economically unprofitable. More rational approach is the virtual simulator application of separate systems incorporated in the uniform hardware/software complex for crew's service of integrated life support system operation (HSCSO). The basic opportunity and economic feasibility of the HSCSO development and application model are resulted. The structure of virtual simulators, which describe functioning ILSS and parts of an environment interacting with system, is examined. The structure HSCSO includes: virtual simulators of separate systems, the main routine, which simulates changing controllable parameters of a crew's environment, the subroutine forming the mass and energy loads of crew, additional procedures setting and identifying of the probable off-normal situations and estimating efficiency of operator's actions at its localization and the oxygen generation system's training device. Principles of the formation and the formalized descriptions for virtual simulators and parts of an environment, program implementation of the HSCSO, and also data of the experimental verification resulting on a basis of computing tests and operators' work with given software are discussed. Questions of the HSCSO hardware design are also considered. Copyright ©2010 by the International Astronautical Federation. All rights reserved.


Kurmazenko E.,NIICHIMMASH | Korobkov A.,NIICHIMMASH | Tsygankov A.,NIICHIMMASH | Kochetkov A.,NIICHIMMASH
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2015

Implementation of space missions to the planets of the solar system requires improvement of methods of designing Life-Support Systems (LSS), taking into account the duration and the autonomy of interplanetary flight. A viewed approach is based on the application of the invariant energy - exergy, which is relatively non-equilibrium state of the environment function. A unified description of the technologies is introduced and showed that the thermodynamic degree of perfection (exergy efficiency) is a critical factor in the design. A Goal Function of the Thermo-Mass Optimization (GFTMO) is formed and the results of its analysis to determine the effectiveness of the field based on different technologies are shown.


Arakcheev D.V.,NIICHIMMASH | Bobe L.S.,NIICHIMMASH | Rakov V.V.,NIICHIMMASH
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2012

This paper analyzes the factors influencing the rate of heat-and-mass transfer during evaporation and condensation in a rotary multistage vacuum distiller. It is shown that the most influence is exerted by the content of noncondensable gases in the distiller condensate collection chamber. ©(2012) by the International Astronautieal Federation.


Kurmazenko E.,NIICHIMMASH | Tsygankov A.,NIICHIMMASH | Kochetkov A.,NIICHIMMASH | Khabarovskiy N.,NIICHIMMASH | Kamaletdinova G.,NIICHIMMASH
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2012

The Mars-500 Project was being conducted to obtain the data about human's behavior in a long-term isolation and to formulate basic requirements for future long-term interplanetary space missions. The aim of the project was in simulating a flight to Mars. Usage of prototypes of onboard LSS on the first ground imitations of the Mars spaceflight is extremely complicated and economically unprofitable. More rational approach is application of the LSS Virtual Simulators of the separate system function incorporated in the uniform Hardware and Software Complex intended for the LSS Crew Service Operation (HSCSOS). First version of the HSCSOS was considered at the 58th 1AC in 2008. In subsequent years, this complex is to provide greater inform-action content has been complicated by increasing the number of the separate Life-Support System Virtual Simulators and the Biomouse Hardware-Engineering Assembly (BHEA) for carrying out of psycho-physiological examinations. HSCSOS is based on the usage of the simulation modeling. Models of LSS functioning in the nominal, off-nominal and emergency conditions were created as well as models of the monitoring of the environmental controlled feature values and the estimation of the crew activity efficiency under the LSS off-nominal and emergency situations (ONS) and its localization. Crewmember's psycho-physiological parameters register simultaneously and continuously by the built-in combined sensors of the BHEA mouse-manipulators. This paper shows results of the experiments and examines the results of interaction analysis in the Man - Integrated Regenerative Life Support System (IRLSS). ©(2012) by the International Astronautieal Federation.

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