Nihon Pharmaceutical University
Ina, Japan

Nihon Pharmaceutical University is a private university in Ina, Saitama, Japan, established in 2004. Wikipedia.

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Sawaguchi Y.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University | Wang Z.,Jikei University School of Medicine
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin | Year: 2017

Recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is effective and widely used in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), an adverse reaction of rt-PA, is known to occur depending on underlying diseases and rt-PA doses, and to occur more frequently with a greater delay from stroke onset until initiation of rt-PA. Therefore, limitations on the use of rt-PA, such as having to be started within 4.5 h of stroke onset, mean that rt-PA is only indicated in some stroke patients. However, the number of patients in whom rt-PA is indicated could increase if symptomatic ICH induced by rt-PA could be reduced. Therefore, we believe that, if the incidence of adverse reactions such as ICH could be reduced by using lower rt-PA doses together with ultrasound (US), the number of patients eligible for rt-PA treatment would increase. In other words, we hypothesized that, if thrombolysis can be accelerated by US, then recanalization rates similar to currently used doses of rt-PA can be achieved at reduced rt-PA doses. Therefore, to investigate to what extent US enhances the thrombolytic efficacy of rt-PA, the relationship between acceleration of rt-PA thrombolysis and US acoustic intensity was quantitatively evaluated in an in vitro bovine thrombus model. It was found that, within a range of US output that is noninvasive in humans, the combined use of US can increase thrombolytic activity up to 2.5 times more than with rt-PA alone. These findings suggest that US can greatly reduce the required doses of rt-PA. © 2017 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.

Haniu H.,Shinshu University | Matsuda Y.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University | Takeuchi K.,Shinshu University | Kim Y.A.,Shinshu University | And 2 more authors.
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology | Year: 2010

This study evaluated the biological responses to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Human monoblastic leukemia cells (U937) were exposed to As-grown MWCNTs and MWCNTs that were thermally treated at 1800 °C (HTT1800) and 2800 °C (HTT2800). Cell proliferation was highly inhibited by As-grown but not HTT2800. However, both As-grown and HTT1800, which include some impurities, were cytotoxic. Proteomics analysis of MWCNT-exposed cells revealed 37 protein spots on 2-dimensional electrophoresis gels that significantly changed (p < 0.05) after exposure to HTT1800 with a little iron and 20 spots that changed after exposure to HTT2800. Peptide mass fingerprinting identified 45 proteins that included heat shock protein β-1, neutral α-glucosidase AB, and DNA mismatch repair protein Msh2. These altered proteins play roles in metabolism, biosynthesis, response to stress, and cell differentiation. Although HTT2800 did not inhibit cell proliferation or cause cytotoxicity in vitro, some proteins related to the response to stress were changed. Moreover, DJ-1 protein, which is a biomarker of Parkinson's disease and is related to cancer, was identified after exposure to both MWCNTs. These results show that the cytotoxicity of MWCNTs depends on their impurities, such as iron, while MWCNTs themselves cause some biological responses directly and/or indirectly in vitro. Our proteomics-based approach for detecting biological responses to nanomaterials is a promising new method for detailed safety evaluations. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Takeuchi S.,Hokkaido Institute of Public Health | Shiraishi F.,Japan National Institute of Environmental Studies | Kitamura S.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University | Kuroki H.,Tamagawa University | And 2 more authors.
Toxicology | Year: 2011

Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs), major metabolites of PCBs, have been reported to act as estrogen receptor α (ERα) agonists or antagonists. However, little concern has been paid to the ability of OH-PCBs to interfere with other steroid hormone receptors such as ERβ, androgen receptor (AR) or glucocorticoid receptor (GR). In this study, we characterized the agonistic and antagonistic activities of available 100 OH-PCBs (39 ortho-, 24 meta-, and 37 para-OH compounds), including some congeners identified in humans, against human ERα/β, AR, and GR using in vitro reporter gene assays. In the ERα assay, 45 and 9 of the 100 OH-PCBs tested showed agonistic and antagonistic activities, respectively. In the ERβ assay, 45 and 6 compounds showed agonistic and antagonistic activities, respectively. In the AR and GR assays, although none of the compounds tested showed agonistic activity, 83 and 30 of the 100 OH-PCBs showed antagonistic activity, respectively. These AR and/or GR antagonistic compounds had various patterns of substituent in the structure, while relatively potent ERα/β agonistic and antagonistic compounds possessed para- and ortho-OH structures, respectively. Three OH-PCBs, predominantly identified in human tissues, showed little ERα/β or AR activities, apart from the weak ERα and/or GR antagonistic activity observed in 4-OH-CB107 and 4-OH-CB187. Taken together, these results suggest that a large number of OH-PCBs might act as agonists and/or antagonists against ERα/β, AR and GR. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Kitamura S.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University | Sugihara K.,Hiroshima International University
Xenobiotica | Year: 2014

1. Human-chimeric mice with humanized liver have been constructed by transplantation of human hepatocytes into several types of mice having genetic modifications that injure endogenous liver cells. Here, we focus on liver urokinase-type plasminogen activator-transgenic severe combined immunodeficiency (uPA/SCID) mice, which are the most widely used human-chimeric mice. Studies so far indicate that drug metabolism, drug transport, pharmacological effects and toxicological action in these mice are broadly similar to those in humans. 2. Expression of various drug-metabolizing enzymes is known to be different between humans and rodents. However, the expression pattern of cytochrome P450, aldehyde oxidase and phase II enzymes in the liver of human-chimeric mice resembles that in humans, not that in the host mice. 3. Metabolism of various drugs, including S-warfarin, zaleplon, ibuprofen, naproxen, coumarin, troglitazone and midazolam, in human-chimeric mice is mediated by human drug-metabolizing enzymes, not by host mouse enzymes, and thus resembles that in humans. 4. Pharmacological and toxicological effects of various drugs in human-chimeric mice are also similar to those in humans. 5. The current consensus is that chimeric mice with humanized liver are useful to predict drug metabolism catalyzed by cytochrome P450, aldehyde oxidase and phase II enzymes in humans in vivo and in vitro. Some remaining issues are discussed in this review. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.

Yasuhara S.,Toho University | Sasa M.,Toho University | Kusakabe T.,Toho University | Takayama H.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University | And 3 more authors.
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2011

Clever boxing: A cyclization-carbonylation-cyclization-coupling reaction of propargyl acetates 1 or amides 2 in the presence of a palladium(II)- bisoxazoline (box) catalyst afforded symmetrical ketones of types 3 and 4, respectively, containing two heterocyclic groups in moderate to excellent yields (see scheme; tfa=trifluoroacetate). Compounds 3 were converted into ketones containing two 3(2H)-furanone rings. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Anzai K.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University | Ban N.,University of Tokyo | Ozawa T.,Yokohama College of Pharmacy | Tokonami S.,Hirosaki University
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition | Year: 2012

On March 11, 2011 an earthquake led to major problems at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. A 14-m high tsunami triggered by the earthquake disabled all AC power to Units 1, 2, and 3 of the Power Plant, and carried off fuel tanks for emergency diesel generators. Despite many efforts, cooling systems did not work and hydrogen explosions damaged the facilities, releasing a large amount of radioactive material into the environment. In this review, we describe the environmental impact of the nuclear accident, and the fundamental biological effects, acute and late, of the radiation. Possible medical countermeasures to radiation exposure are also discussed. ©2012 JCBN.

Tsukahara T.,Shinshu University | Haniu H.,Shinshu University | Matsuda Y.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2013

Studies on the effects of lipids on skeletal muscle cells rarely examine the effects of lysophospholipids. Through our recent studies, we identified select forms of phospholipids, such as alkyl-LPA, as ligands for the intracellular receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). PPARγ is a nuclear hormone receptor implicated in many human diseases, including diabetes and obesity. We previously showed that alkyl-LPA is a specific agonist of PPARγ. However, the mechanism by which the alkyl-LPA-PPARγ axis affects skeletal muscle cells is poorly defined. Our objective in the present study was to determine whether alkyl-LPA and PPARγ activation promotes glucose uptake in skeletal muscle cells. Our findings indicate that PPARγ1 mRNA is more abundant than PPARγ2 mRNA in C2C12 cells. We showed that alkyl-LPA (3. μM) significantly activated PPARγ and increased intracellular glucose levels in skeletal muscle cells. We also showed that incubation of C2C12 cells with alkyl-LPA led to lipid accumulation in the cells. These findings suggest that alkyl-LPA activates PPARγ and stimulates glucose uptake in the absence of insulin in C2C12 cells. This may contribute to the plasma glucose-lowering effect in the treatment of insulin resistance. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Tsukahara T.,Shinshu University | Haniu H.,Shinshu University | Matsuda Y.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor that plays an essential role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and inflammation. It is over-expressed in many types of cancer, including colon, stomach, breast, and lung cancer, suggesting that regulation of PPARγ might affect cancer pathogenesis. Here, using a proteomic approach, we identify PTB-associated splicing factor (PSF) as a novel PPARγ-interacting protein and demonstrate that PSF is involved in several important regulatory steps of colon cancer cell proliferation. To investigate the relationship between PSF and PPARγ in colon cancer, we evaluated the effects of PSF expression in DLD-1 and HT-29 colon cancer cell lines, which express low and high levels of PPARγ, respectively PSF affected the ability of PPARγ to bind, and expression of PSF siRNA significantly suppressed the proliferation of colon cancer cells. Furthermore, PSF knockdown induced apoptosis via activation of caspase-3. Interestingly, DLD-1 cells were more susceptible to PSF knockdown-induced cell death than HT-29 cells. Our data suggest that PSF is an important regulator of cell death that plays critical roles in the survival and growth of colon cancer cells. The PSF-PPARγ axis may play a role in the control of colorectal carcinogenesis. Taken together, this study is the first to describe the effects of PSF on cell proliferation, tumor growth, and cell signaling associated with PPARγ. © 2013 Tsukahara et al.

Tsukahara T.,Kanazawa Medical University | Matsuda Y.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University | Usui Y.,Shinshu University | Haniu H.,Shinshu University
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2013

Bronchial epithelial cells are targets of inhalation and play a critical role in the maintenance of mucosal integrity as mechanical barriers against various particles. Our previous result suggest that vapor-grown carbon fiber, HTT2800, which is one of the most highly purified multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) showed cellular uptake of the carbon nanotube, increased cell death, enhanced DNA damage, and induced cytokine release. Increasing evidence suggests that autophagy may critically influence vital cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell proliferation and inflammation and thereby may play a critical role in pulmonary diseases. Autophagy was recently recognized as a critical cell death pathway, and autophagosome accumulation has been found to be associated with the exposure of various nanoparticles. In this study, the authors focus on the autophagic responses of HTT2800 exposure. The HTT2800-exposed cells induced LC3B expression and induced cell growth inhibition. © 2013 .

Akita H.,Nihon Pharmaceutical University
Heterocycles | Year: 2013

This review summarizes the practical synthesis of both enantiomers of chiral intermediate for the syntheses of the natural products possessing the bicyclo[4.4.0]ring system with 4,4,10-trimethyl groups and their application to the total syntheses of the related natural products. Chiral induction was carried out based on enzymatic resolution or optical resolution using chiral auxiliary.

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