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Ali U.,University of Sheffield | Agbonghae E.O.,Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation NNPC | Hughes K.J.,University of Sheffield | Ingham D.B.,University of Sheffield | And 2 more authors.
Applied Thermal Engineering | Year: 2016

Post-combustion CO2 capture systems are gaining more importance as a means of reducing escalating greenhouse gas emissions. Moreover, for natural gas-fired power generation systems, exhaust gas recirculation is a method of enhancing the CO2 concentration in the lean flue gas. The present study reports the design and scale-up of four different cases of an amine-based CO2 capture system at 90% capture rate with 30 wt.% aqueous solution of MEA. The design results are reported for a natural gas-fired combined cycle system with a gross power output of 650 MWe without EGR and with EGR at 20%, 35% and 50% EGR percentage. A combined process and economic analysis is implemented to identify the optimum designs for the different amine-based CO2 capture plants. For an amine-based CO2 capture plant with a natural gas-fired combined cycle without EGR, an optimum liquid to gas ratio of 0.96 is estimated. Incorporating EGR at 20%, 35% and 50%, results in optimum liquid to gas ratios of 1.22, 1.46 and 1.90, respectively. These results suggest that a natural gas-fired power plant with exhaust gas recirculation will result in lower penalties in terms of the energy consumption and costs incurred on the amine-based CO2 capture plant. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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