Yenagoa, Nigeria
Yenagoa, Nigeria

Niger Delta University located in Wilberforce Island Bayelsa State in Nigeria is a Bayelsa State Government funded university. It was established in 2000 by Chief DSP Alamieseigha, then governor of Bayelsa state. It currently has two main campuses, one situated in the state capital, Yenagoa, which contains the law faculty and the other in Amassoma. Niger delta university has come a long way since its establishment and ranks naming the 50 best universities in Nigeria. Its main campus in Amassima is currently situated in its temporary site, with work on the permanent site at an ongoing stage. The university offers a unique opportunity for students to acquire qualitative education at Bachelor, Masters and PhD levels. It is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities. It is accredited and recognized by the National Universities Commission The university has nine faculties.The various Faculties and their respective Departments are:Faculty of Agricultural Technology * Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology * Department of Crop Production * Department of Fisheries * Department of Livestock Production Faculty of Arts * Department of English and Literary Studies * Department of Fine and Applied Arts * Department of HistoryPetroleumElectronic Engineering * Department of Marine Engineering * Department of Mechanical EngineeringFaculty of Education * Department of Curriculum and Instruction with options in Biology, Chemistry, Economics, English Language, Fine and Applied Arts, French, Geography, Health Education, History, Mathematics, Physics, Physical Education, Political Science and Religious Studies. * with options in Adult Community Education, Education Administration, Guidance and Counseling and Primary Education * Department of Vocational2002 session, had its pioneer set of graduating students in the 20042004 and later 10,294 in 2006/2007. Given the fact that the university maintains the quota provided by the National Universities Commission . There has also been a signification increase in the number of academic and non-teaching staffs.The university is located in Wilberforce Island, about 32 km from the state capital Yenagoa and is made up of three campuses; the Gloryland campus , the College of Health science campus and the temporary campus of the Faculty of Law. A new campus, which is really an extension of the Gloryland campus, is being developed.The main source of revenue is the Bayelsa State Government. There is no doubt that the government of the state has always been committed to the development of the university. The administration of the university has been determined to diversify the sources of revenue. The university will continue to be grateful to its benefactors, such as Shell Nigeria Exploration and Production Company , Chief Lulu-Briggs, Diamond Bank and Chevron. The university has no doubt made significant progress. Wikipedia.


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Ohimain E.I.,North Carolina A&T State University | Ohimain E.I.,Niger Delta University
Energy Policy | Year: 2010

Despite being a major petroleum producing and exporting country, Nigeria has for a long time imported refined petroleum products for domestic consumption. The country has recently made an entrance into the bio-energy sector by seeding the market with imported ethanol until enough capability exists for the domestic production of ethanol. The Nigerian Biofuel Policy was released in 2007 calling for the domestic production of bio-ethanol to meet the national demand of 5.14 billion litres/year. Some investors have responded by investing over $3.86 billion for the construction of 19 ethanol bio-refineries, 10,000 units of mini-refineries and feedstock plantations for the production of over 2.66 billion litres of fuel grade ethanol per annum. Also, another 14 new projects are in the offing. Of the 20 pioneer projects, 4 are at the conception phase, 8 are in the planning phase, and 7 are under construction with only 1 operational. The potential benefits of the emerging bio-ethanol projects include investment in the economy, employment, energy security and boost rural infrastructure, while the major challenge is land take (859,561. ha). This is the first time an attempt is been made to document the emerging bio-ethanol projects in Nigeria. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


West B.A.,Braithewaite Memorial Specialist Hospital | Peterside O.,Niger Delta University
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials | Year: 2012

Background: The organisms responsible for neonatal sepsis vary across geographical boundaries and with the time of illness thus periodic bacteriologic surveillance is a neccessity. The present study was therefore carried out to determine the common bacterial pathogens in Port Harcourt and their sensitivity pattern.Methods: Four hundred and six neonates were prospectively screened for sepsis over a 6 month period. Sensitivity of the bacterial isolates to different antibiotics was determined using Kirby-Bauer diffusion method.Results: Gram negative organisms predominated (75.1%) with Klebsiella pneumonia (58.2%) being the commonest. The quinolones were the most sensitive antibiotics to the commonly isolated organisms.Conclusion: Klebsiella pneumonia is the commonest organism responsible for neonatal sepsis in Port Harcourt. There is an overall decline in the antibiotic susceptibility to the commonly isolated bacterial pathogens. © 2012 West and Peterside; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Opiah M.M.,Niger Delta University
African journal of reproductive health | Year: 2012

This cross-sectional study assessed knowledge and utilization of the partograph among midwives in two tertiary health facilities in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was utilized, using a structured questionnaire administered to 165 midwives purposively selected from the Federal Medical Center (FMC) (79) and Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital (NDUTH) (86). Results revealed that 84% of midwives knew what the partograph was and 92.7% indicated that the use of the partograph reduces maternal and child mortality. About 50.6% midwives in FMC and 98.8% in NDUTH indicated that it was routinely utilized in their centers. Assessment of utilized partograph charts revealed that only 18 (37.5%) out of 48 in FMC and 17 (32.6%) out of 52 in NDUTH were properly filled. Factors in the utilization of the partograph were:-non-availability of the partograph (30.3%), shortage of staff (19.4%), little or no knowledge in the use of the partograph (22.2%), and 8.6 percent indicated it was time consuming. A significant relationship existed between knowledge of the partograph and its utilization (chi2 = 32.298. Df = 1; P < 0.05) and between midwives years of experience and its utilization (chi2 = 4.818, Df = 4; P < 0.05). However, this study also showed that despite midwives good knowledge of the partograph, there was poor utilization in labor monitoring in both centers. Training of midwives on the use of the partograph with periodic workshops and seminars and a mandatory hospital policy are recommended and vital to the safety of women in labor in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.


Posigha B.E.,Niger Delta University
Electronic Library | Year: 2012

Purpose - This study aims to investigate the use and future of e-books in academic institutions in Nigeria, to identify problems encountered in using e-books and ascertain the future of e-books in academic institutions in Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach - The study employed a descriptive survey method supported by a questionnaire. The population of the study consisted of basic medical sciences and faculty of education lecturers made up of a total number of 122 academic staff. Findings - Although the survey sampled response was not large, it represented the university's lecturers. The study reveals that all the academic staff sampled in the university make use of e-books. It also shows that both faculties investigated encountered constraints in the course of using e-books. Finally it indicated that researchers' use of e-books would double in the future. Research limitations/implications - Only 122 (20 per cent) of the entire population of the 640 lecturers participated in the study. Furthermore, the female and male respondents were not evenly distributed. Hence, the size of the population and the uneven distribution of males and females surveyed placed certain limitations on the level of generalization of the findings. Practical implications - The findings of the study may encourage library authorities to purchase and manage hardware and to negotiate for license issues for e-resources to be done on time. It is also believed that the study will encourage the library to acquire more models of handheld devices and load them with e-books from different vendors. Originality/value - This is believed to be the first published study of the use and future of e-books in Niger Delta University. © Copyright - 2012 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.


Ohimain E.I.,Niger Delta University
Virus Research | Year: 2016

Ebola virus is one of the most dangerous microorganisms in the world causing hemorrhagic fevers in humans and non-human primates. Ebola virus (EBOV) is a zoonotic infection, which emerges and re-emerges in human populations. The 2014 outbreak was caused by the Zaire strain, which has a kill rate of up to 90%, though 40% was recorded in the current outbreak. The 2014 outbreak is larger than all 20 outbreaks that have occurred since 1976, when the virus was first discovered. It is the first time that the virus was sustained in urban centers and spread beyond Africa into Europe and USA. Thus far, over 22,000 cases have been reported with about 50% mortality in one year. There are currently no approved therapeutics and preventive vaccines against Ebola virus disease (EVD). Responding to the devastating effe1cts of the 2014 outbreak and the potential risk of global spread, has spurred research for the development of therapeutics and vaccines. This review is therefore aimed at presenting the progress of vaccine development. Results showed that conventional inactivated vaccines produced from EBOV by heat, formalin or gamma irradiation appear to be ineffective. However, novel vaccines production techniques have emerged leading to the production of candidate vaccines that have been demonstrated to be effective in preclinical trials using small animal and non-human primates (NHP) models. Some of the promising vaccines have undergone phase 1 clinical trials, which demonstrated their safety and immunogenicity. Many of the candidate vaccines are vector based such as Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV), Rabies Virus (RABV), Adenovirus (Ad), Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA), Cytomegalovirus (CMV), human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3) and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus (VEEV). Other platforms include virus like particle (VLP), DNA and subunit vaccines. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..


Davies R.M.,Niger Delta University
International Agrophysics | Year: 2010

The study was conducted to investigate the physical properties of arigo seeds, namely linear dimensions, mean diameters, sphericity, surfacearea, volume, true and bulk densities, porosity, angle of repose and static coefficient of friction at 10.3% (w.b.) moisture content. The results revealed that the mean length, width and thickness of arigo seeds were 19.0, 12.16, 10.1mm, respectively. The arithmetic and geometric mean diameters were 13.7 and 13.2 mm, respectively. The sphericity, surface area and 1 000grain mass of arigo seed were 0.8, 501.3 mm2 and 1124.7 g, respectively. True and bulk densities were 1066.7 and 989.78. kg m-3, respectively. The static coefficient of friction on concrete and glass structural surfaces were observed to be the highest and lowest, respectively. © 2010 Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences.


Ohimain E.I.,Niger Delta University
Energy Policy | Year: 2013

Nigeria's economy is largely dependent on petroleum, yet the country is suffering from fuel supply shortages. In response to the transportation fuel supply difficulties in Nigeria, the country released the Nigerian Biofuel Policy and Incentives in 2007 to create favorable investment climate for the entrance of Nigeria into the biofuel sector. The paper assessed the progress made thus far by Nigeria, 4 years after the Nigerian biofuel was released in an attempt to answer the question whether the policy is adequate to transform Nigeria into a biofuel economy. The study found that little progress has been made, which includes commencement of the construction of 20 bioethanol factories, installation of biofuel handling facilities at two depots (Mosimi and Atlas Cove), and selection of retail outlets for biofuel/conventional fuel mix. The site construction of the announced biofuel projects is now slow and other progress is marginal. We therefore conclude that the Nigerian biofuel policy is unlikely to transform Nigeria into a biofuel economy unless the Government revert and refocus on biofuel and include additional financial incentives such as grants and subsidy to complement the tax waivers (income, import duty, VAT), loans, and insurance cover contained in the policy. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Ohimain E.I.,Niger Delta University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2013

Nigeria is blessed with abundant energy resources including crude oil, natural gas, coal and lignite, nuclear elements, wind, solar, biomass, and hydropower, but due to lack of infrastructure the country is experiencing a shortage of electricity, liquid transportation, and cooking fuel. Despite being a major exporter of petroleum, Nigeria relies on foreign nations for the supply of refined products including gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and even LPG. Nigeria planned to reverse this trend by investing in bioenergy. Nigeria biofuel policy and incentives was released in 2007 with the aim of spurring a vibrant bioenergy sector. This article reviewed the Nigerian policy and incentives and found some policy conflicts, gaps and inconsistencies. The Nigerian biofuel policy narrowly classified biofuel to include only bioethanol and biodiesel neglecting other biofuels and energy carriers that are obtainable from biomass. The Nigerian biofuel policy classified the biofuel enterprise as belonging to agro-allied industry, yet the policy mandated the petroleum industry to play a leading role in the establishment of the biofuel sector. The policy inadvertently refer to food crops such as cassava, sweat potato, and maize as cellulosic bio-ethanol feedstocks. These feedstocks are food crops, though are also feedstock for the production of first generation bio-ethanol. Cellulosic (second generation) ethanol is typically produced from non-food crops such as grasses (elephant grass, miscanthus, switch grass), fast rotation crops, wood wastes, etc. The policy did not address the potential food versus fuel conflicts that could arise from the use of food crops as biofuel feedstock. The policy considered the development of transgenic varieties of cassava, sugarcane, sweet potato, and maize without considering the environmental impacts and agronomic impacts of transgenic crops to native species. The Nigerian biofuel policy did not adequately address issues pertaining to technology transfer. In view of the policy gaps and conflict we suggest an upgrade of the policy. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Abowei J.F.N.,Niger Delta University
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2010

Salinity, dissolved oxygen, pH and surface water temperature conditions in Nkoro River, in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria was studied for a period of one year (January - December 2008). The response of estuarine fishes to changes in salinity, dissolved oxygen, pH and surface water temperature conditions does not only enhance our biological understanding of estuarine fish, but contributes to the understanding of the potential effects of anthropogenic impacts on estuarine fish species. Dissolved oxygen meter of the model: OxyG uard Handy MK II was used in measuring dissolved oxygen and temperature. pH was measured using pH meter (model: Hanna Instrument model No. H1 8915 ATC) while salinity was measured using salinom eter, model: New S-100.for each of the parameters. The probe end of the meter was dipped into the river while the value at the pointer of the scale was read off and recorded. The measurements were taken while inside the canoe along Nkontoru - Job Ama, which is part of the Nkoro river system. Dissolved oxygen (DO) was measured in milligrams per litre (mg/I); temperature in °C (degrees centigrade); and salinity was in parts per thousand (ppt or %o). Salinity values ranged from 5‰ (September) to 17‰ (February and March). Dissolved Oxygen values ranged from 6mg/l(January, April, July and October) to 10mg/l (September). PH values ranged from 6.1(August) to 8.5(November) and Temperature values ranged from 24 0 °C (July) to 32 0 °C (M arch). Salinity values ranged from 12.8±0.30 (‰) (station 4) to 13.3±0.10(‰) (station 3). Dissolved Oxygen values ranged from 3.2±0.1 (mg/l)(station 3) to 7.3±0.16 mg/l(station 1). pH values ranged from 7.3±0.17 (station 1) to7.7±0.14(station 3) and Temperature values ranged from27.3±0.24(station 1) to33.7±0.21(station 3). There was no significant difference in salinity and pH between stations, but dissolved oxygen, and temperature showed significant differences between stations (P#0.05). The results of the correlation matrix analysis showed significant correlation between the variables at different stations. The association between the environmental variables in the Nkoro river was generally similar because the water at the stations was seemingly from the same source, Atlantic Ocean through Bonny River. Positive association was observed indicating functional similarity. The varying magnitude of the relationship between the water variables in lower Bonny River of Niger Delta was attributed to micro habit differences. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2009.


Abowei J.F.N.,Niger Delta University
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2010

The condition factor, length-weight relationship and abundance of Ilisha africana from Nkoro River in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria was studied for a period of one year (January-December 2008). From a sample size of 113 specimens, K value was 0.999 and the exponential equation was Wt = 0.05998 (TL)2.719, indicating an isometric growth pattern. The highest catch w as recorded in February (1.61), followed by March (1.00), January (0.90), December (0.60) and June (0.10). April, May, July, August, September, October and November recorded no catch during the study. The highest condition factor value (1.58) was recorded in February and the low est (0.00) in Septem ber. The highest catch per unit effort (1.13) was recorded in stations 2 and 4, followed by station 1 (1.12) and station 3 (0.72 each). Ilisha africana in Nkoro river is in a stable environment and w as more abundant in the dry season months of February, March, January and December. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2009.

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